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Article

Negative Effects of Gas Flaring: The Nigerian Experience

1Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria


Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2013, 1(1), 6-8
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-1-1-2
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Anslem O. Ajugwo. Negative Effects of Gas Flaring: The Nigerian Experience. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2013; 1(1):6-8. doi: 10.12691/jephh-1-1-2.

Correspondence to: Anslem O. Ajugwo, Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria. Email: slemjugwo@yahoo.com

Abstract

Gas flaring have been condemned severally in different countries of the world. Though the practice is still obtainable in some countries with many calling for a stop. The environmental and health implications were examined with Nigeria as a case study. Data and information were retrieved from pubmed, medline and other search engines. All available data/information depict the negative effects of gas flaring on the environment and humans. Gas flaring have impoverished the communities where it is practiced, with attendant environmental, economic and health challenges. Reluctance on the part of government and policy makers is also a factor. These difficulties faced by local communities from gas flares are a sufficient justification for ending gas flaring practice. Fines by defaulting companies should be so exorbitant so as to deter them while the gas can be processed and produced into cooking/domestic gas. The time to stop is now and the place to stop is here: Nigeria.

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References

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Article

Human Health Risk Assessment of Metal Contamination through Consumption of Fish

1Faculty of Technology, University Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, Malaysia

2Centre for Earth Resources Research & Management, University Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, Malaysia


Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2013, 1(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-1-1-1
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M.N. Amirah, A.S. Afiza, W.I.W. Faizal, M.H. Nurliyana, S. Laili. Human Health Risk Assessment of Metal Contamination through Consumption of Fish. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2013; 1(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/jephh-1-1-1.

Correspondence to: A.S. Afiza, Faculty of Technology, University Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, Malaysia. Email: afiza@ump.edu.my

Abstract

The progress of industries has led to the increased of pollutants emission into the ecosystems. One of the most common pollutants is heavy metals. This research deals with human health risk assessment of metal contamination through the consumption of fish at selected river in Kuantan, Pahang. The objective of this research is to determine the concentration of Cu, Pb and Cd contaminant in fish. This research describes the heavy metal experiment analysis and health risk assessment. Inductively Coupled Plasma Membrane System (ICP-MS) was used to determine the concentration of heavy metals in fish. The average concentration of Cu, Pb and Cd in three locations are approximately 0.0205µg/g, 0.0145µg/g and 0.0004µg/g. Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) was used in the health risk assessment to determine carcinogenicity of the sample. The result shows that the concentration and THQ of all metal studied (Cu, Pb, Cd) are less than 1; signified that a daily exposure at this level is unlikely to cause any adverse effects during a person lifetime.

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