Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jephh Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
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Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2018, 6(3), 89-95
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-6-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Investigation on the Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health in Juba County, Republic of South Sudan

John Leju Celestino Ladu1, , Andrew L. Athiba1, Stanislaus Tombe Venusto Lako1 and Moses Lomoro Alfred1

1Department of Environmental Studies, College of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Juba, P.O Box 82, Juba, Republic of South Sudan

Pub. Date: June 14, 2018

Cite this paper:
John Leju Celestino Ladu, Andrew L. Athiba, Stanislaus Tombe Venusto Lako and Moses Lomoro Alfred. Investigation on the Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health in Juba County, Republic of South Sudan. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2018; 6(3):89-95. doi: 10.12691/jephh-6-3-2

Abstract

Water pollution in Juba County is one the major problem affecting the community. In recent years, rural urban migration caused by internal conflict and small industrialization in Juba, has accelerated the problem of water pollution. This study was conducted to investigate the impact of water pollution on Human health in Juba County. The study used combination of participatory, qualitative and quantitative method to collect the necessary data. A sample size of 50 respondents was taken for this study. The result revealed main sources of drinking water in Juba County is from water tank according to 57.5% of the respondents. The majority of respondents 52.5% revealed that the major factor that leads to water pollution in Juba County is the random dumping of garbage to water bodies. The obtained results revealed that, the majority of people in the area treat their water by using Chlorine tablets (chlorination) which is represented by 57.5% of the respondents. About 42% of the respondents said that water pollution kill life that habitat in water, causes diseases and destroying ecosystem both on the environment and human health. About 55% of the respondents revealed that, there should be awareness for the communities about the effects of water pollution and they perceived it as the best way to prevent water pollution. Bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases like typhoid, cholera, encephalitis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis, skin infection and gastrointestinal are spreading through polluted water. It is recommended that there should be proper management of water bodies and waste disposal system. Awareness programs and formulation of laws should be carried out to control the pollution. Further research studies, including epidemiological studies, are necessary to determine better the impact of water pollution on Human health and on the environment in Juba County.

Keywords:
water pollution garbage chlorination ecosystem gastrointestinal epidemiological studies

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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