Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jephh Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
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Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2018, 6(2), 45-50
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-6-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Radiological Assessment of Artisanal Gold Mining Sites in Luku, Niger State, Nigeria

Sabo A1, , Sadiq L. S.1 and Gamba J.1

1Department of Environmental Management Technology, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, PMB 0248, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: March 24, 2018

Cite this paper:
Sabo A, Sadiq L. S. and Gamba J.. Radiological Assessment of Artisanal Gold Mining Sites in Luku, Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2018; 6(2):45-50. doi: 10.12691/jephh-6-2-1

Abstract

Artisanal small scale mining of solid minerals has the potential of causing many environmental and health problems. Thus, assessment of ionizing radiation in vulnerable areas is very important from the environmental health point of view. This study was aimed at determining the level of radiation in the vicinity of artisanal gold mining sites in Luku, Niger State, Nigeria. Measurements were made at four different Stations: A, B, C and D using Radiation Inspector Alert meter (EXP+ model). The investigation revealed that mean values of 1.66mSv/yr, 1.55, mSv/yr, 1.48mSv/yr and 2.12mSv/yr were recorded for stations A, B, C and D respectively. The radiation levels recorded from all the four sampling stations have exceeded the threshold limit set by the International Commission for Radiological Protection (ICRP) of 1mSv/yr for public exposure. Thus the community is at risk of exposure to high dose of radiation as a result of the artisanal gold mining activities. The adoption of rigorous regulations and implementation of mining-policies such as the Minerals and Mining Act of 2007 which prohibited the illegal exploration and or exploitation of Minerals will play the right role in reducing radiation emissions and their consequential harm to the community and the state economy.

Keywords:
gold mining radionuclide exposure human health

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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