Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jephh Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
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Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2017, 5(2), 69-82
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-5-2-4
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Water Quality Assessment and Bottom Sediment in the Coastal Area of the Three Refineries (Mina Al-Ahmadi, Mina Shuaiba and Mina Abdullah), Kuwait

Al-Qattan F.1 and Al-Sarawi M.1,

1Department of Earth and Environmental Science, College of Science, Kuwait University, Safat, State of Kuwait

Pub. Date: July 18, 2017

Cite this paper:
Al-Qattan F. and Al-Sarawi M.. Water Quality Assessment and Bottom Sediment in the Coastal Area of the Three Refineries (Mina Al-Ahmadi, Mina Shuaiba and Mina Abdullah), Kuwait. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2017; 5(2):69-82. doi: 10.12691/jephh-5-2-4

Abstract

The three refineries (Mina Abdullah, Mina Ahmadi and Mina Shuaiba) plays a major role for the oil industries in Kuwait as one of the most important locations along the coast of Kuwait for its transportation of oil and its products composition, The three refineries decompose oil into many product such as Naphtha, Kerosene, High Speed Diesel (HSD), European Gas Oil (EGO), Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) and High Sulfur Fuel Oil (HSFO), these products can cause high pollution if they are in contact with water or sediments and may cause a large environmental impact. This study will focus on analyzing the geochemistry of sea water and bottom sediments. Five water and five sediment samples were collected in front of each refinery with a distance between each sample 200 m away. Physio-chemical parameters (Temperature, Salinity, Conductivity, pH, and Dissolved Oxygen), Inorganic nutrients (N-NH3, N-NO2, N-NO3, P-PO4, and Si-SiO3). Total Suspended Solids, Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Trace Metals (Pb, V, Cu, Fe, and Ni) were measured in water samples. The Sediments were analyzed for TOC, TPH and trace metals contents. Several sources of pollutants were found alongside the three refineries. These sources were mostly from the refineries sites, ports, storm outlet, oil pipeline transportation, and commercial ships entering toward some refineries. The most amount of pollution was discovered in Mina Abdullah refinery.

Keywords:
refineries pollutants trace metals hydrocarbons bottom sediments water quality

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