Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jephh Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
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Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2015, 3(1), 4-11
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-3-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Death from Respiratory Diseases and Air Pollutants in Shiraz, Iran (2006-2012)

Manizheh Dadbakhsh1, Narges Khanjani2, 3, and Abbas Bahrampour1

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2Research Center for Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3Monash Centre for Occupational & Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Pub. Date: January 23, 2015

Cite this paper:
Manizheh Dadbakhsh, Narges Khanjani and Abbas Bahrampour. Death from Respiratory Diseases and Air Pollutants in Shiraz, Iran (2006-2012). Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2015; 3(1):4-11. doi: 10.12691/jephh-3-1-2

Abstract

Air pollution has been associated with modern life. The respiratory system is the first point of contact with air pollutants. This research was carried out about the relationship between air pollution and respiratory deaths in Shiraz, Iran. In this ecological study the number of respiratory deaths sorted by gender and age and air pollutants including NO, CO, NO2, NOX, PM10, SO2, O3, CH4, THC, and NMHC were inquired from 2006 to 2011. The relationship between respiratory mortality and air pollutants were studied simultaneously and with one month delay by negative binomial regression with adjustment for confounding variables and correlation coefficients. The analysis was done through MINITAB16 and STATA11. During this time 2598 respiratory deaths occurred in Shiraz. Respiratory mortality in total, male, female, and individuals aged between 18 to 60 years was positively related to CO and for individuals over 60 were related to ozone. NO and NOX showed positive correlations in females and people under 18. NO2 had a positive correlation with 18 to 60 year old respiratory deaths in the next month. The results show that air pollution is possibly contributing to respiratory mortality in Shiraz. This evidence reinforces policies for reducing air pollution.

Keywords:
air pollution respiratory death shiraz

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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