Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
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Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2022, 10(1), 6-12
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-10-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Bacteriological Analysis of Sachet Water Sold in Some Municipalities Markets of Garoua Urbain City, Cameroon

Gake Bouba1, , Moussa Djaouda2, Abessolo Abessolo Hermine1, Maidadi Foudi Martin3, Oumarou Goni Hamadama3, Adamou Oumar Poullo3, Akwah Lilian3, Makoge Valerie3, Nelly Michele Gake4 and Lombart Jean Pierre5

1Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences of Garoua, PO Box: 317, Garoua, Cameroon

2Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Maroua, PO Box 55, Maroua, Cameroon

3Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plants Studies, Medical Research Center, PO Box 13033, Yaounde, Cameroon

4National Veterinary Laboratory, Cameroon

5Institut Pasteur International Network, France

Pub. Date: July 29, 2022

Cite this paper:
Gake Bouba, Moussa Djaouda, Abessolo Abessolo Hermine, Maidadi Foudi Martin, Oumarou Goni Hamadama, Adamou Oumar Poullo, Akwah Lilian, Makoge Valerie, Nelly Michele Gake and Lombart Jean Pierre. Bacteriological Analysis of Sachet Water Sold in Some Municipalities Markets of Garoua Urbain City, Cameroon. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2022; 10(1):6-12. doi: 10.12691/jephh-10-1-2


For some time now, there has been an increased proliferation of sachet packaged water sold in almost all sale points, even in the streets. With its doubtful quality, it becomes important to carry out a study on the bacteriological examination of those sachets of drinking water in the city of Garoua. 200 samples were collected for the bacteriological analysis for total coliforms, Escherichia coli, Streptococci faecal, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Results showed that 82% of the water sachets were contaminated. Total coliforms were isolated in 118 sachets, Escherichia coli in 74 sachets, Streptococci faecal in 48 sachets and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 62 sachets of water. As associated risk factors, Hawkers sale type had a statistically significant relationship with contamination; handmade water bags are more likely to be contaminated. Moreover, long storage period favored the contamination of water sachets, the storage of the water bags in the coolers presented risks of contaminations and improper hygiene during the sale is a risk of contamination. Furthermore, during the analysis, one or more germs could be isolated. Accompanying measures by the public authorities to producers and vendors are necessary to improve the quality of these waters.

bacteriological quality Escherichia coli Streptococci faecal total coliforms Pseudomonas aeruginosa sachet packaged water

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