Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jephh Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2020, 8(1), 36-42
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-8-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Hospital Personnel Infection Control Procedures at Delivery Room

Samar S. Ahmed1, and Mohamed Nabil Soliman ElGebely2

1Community Medicine, Environmental and Occupational Medicine Department, Suez Faculty of Medicine, Suez University, Egypt

2Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Suez Faculty of Medicine, Suez University, Egypt

Pub. Date: March 27, 2020

Cite this paper:
Samar S. Ahmed and Mohamed Nabil Soliman ElGebely. Analysis of Hospital Personnel Infection Control Procedures at Delivery Room. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2020; 8(1):36-42. doi: 10.12691/jephh-8-1-5

Abstract

Nosocomial infection control within a health care facility reduces morbidity and mortality and can be achieved with limited resources. Aim of the study: Assess knowledge and standard practices of infection control among health care personnel’s during normal vaginal delivery (NVD). Subjects and Method: Descriptive study conducted at site of delivery rooms in three governmental hospitals. During interview all physicians 22 and nurses 74 working at these units were included in the study. Their infection control knowledge evaluated by questionnaire and performance evaluated by observation checklist. Results: Physicians < 5 years’ experience showed higher knowledge and performance than physicians working > 5 years significantly; except in insertion of urinary catheter steps were higher significantly in physicians > 5 years’ experience. Nurses have Bachelor of Science in nursing and those having <5 years’ experience had significant higher score of knowledge about universal precautions of infection control significantly than other nurses. Significant higher performance score for nurses with Bachelor of Science in nursing when compared with other nurses and years of nurses experiences positively correlated with hand washing, wearing and changing gloves and care of patient’s equipment and sterilization of equipment. Although 43.2 % nurses stated that they attended on job training program about infection control; there were no impact of training on knowledge and performance of trained nurses. Conclusion: Health care personnel knowledge need to be updated, as well as to reinforce proper practices related to infection control through provision of continuing education programs on regular basis.

Keywords:
universal precautions infection control normal vaginal delivery nosocomial infection health care personnel’s

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Haque M, Sartelli M, Mckimm J, Abu Bakar M, 2018. Healthcare associated infection – an overview: infect Drug Resist. 2018 Nov 15; 11: 2321-2333.
 
[2]  Guzman-Cottrill JA, D, Ravin KA, Bryant KA, Zerr DM, Kociolek L and Siegel JD, (2013): Infection Prevention and Control in Residential Facilities for Pediatric Patients and Their Families. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 34(10): 1003-1041.
 
[3]  Hussein J, Mavalankar DV, Sharma S, D’Ambruoso L, (2011). A review of health system infection control measures in developing countries. Glob Health, 7(14): 1-9.
 
[4]  Lale Say, Doris Chou, Alison Gemmill, ÖzgeTunçalp, Ann-Beth Moller, Jane Daniels, A MetinGülmezoglu, Marleen Temmerman, Leontine Alkema, (2014). Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis. Lancet Glob Health 2: e323-33.
 
[5]  UNICEF, (2015). Children in Egypt 2015. A STATISTICAL DIGEST. Chapter 3: Child and Maternal Mortality.
 
[6]  Alfouzan W, Al Fadhli M, Abdo N, Alali W, and Dhar R, (2019). Surgical site infection following cesarean section in a general hospital in Kuwait: trends and risk factors. Epidemiol Infect. 147: e287. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6805794.
 
[7]  Vos M.C, (2018): The health care worker as a source of transmission: Guide to Infection Control in the Health Care Setting. Available at: https://isid.org/guide/infectionprevention/healthcareworker.
 
[8]  Ibrahim Y.S, Said A. M, and Hamdy G.K, (2011). Assessment of infection control practices in neonatal intensive care unit. The Egyptian Journal of Community medicine; 29(4):27-45.
 
[9]  Bartlett D, and TortoriceJ, (2015). OSHA: Occupational Exposure to Blood Borne Pathogens. Available at: http://ww.ceufast.com.
 
[10]  WHO, (2010): Infection Control Prevention and control in Health care: Time for Collaborative Action. Fifty-seventh Session of the Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean. World Health Organization Regional office for Eastern Mediterranean –Egypt, October 2010EM/RC57/R.7.
 
[11]  Abolwafa NF, Ouda WE, Mohammed FZ, and Masoed ES, (2013). Developing educational program for Nurses' Related to Infection Control of Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Units at EL-Minia University and General Hospitals. Journal of American Science. 9(10).
 
[12]  Ahmed E, Khamis M, Younis EM, and Alrday SA, (2012). Effect of a Developed Educational Booklet about Standard Infection Control Precautions on Nurses’ Knowledge and Practices at Woman’s Health Center-Assiut University Hospital, Egypt. Med. J. Cairo Univ; 80(1): 435-445.
 
[13]  Alrubaiee G, Baharom A, Shahar HK, Daud SM, BasaleemHO, (2017). Knowledge and practices of nurses regarding nosocomial infection control measures in private hospitals in Sana’a City, Yemen. Safety in Health volume 3, Article number: 16. Available at: https://safetyinhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40886-017-0067-4.
 
[14]  Geberemariyam B.S, Donka G.M, and Wordofa B, (2018):Assessment of knowledge and practices of healthcare workers towards infection prevention and associated factors in healthcare facilities of West Arsi District, Southeast Ethiopia: a facility-based cross-sectional study. Archives of Public Health ;76 (69).
 
[15]  CDC, (2016). Infection Prevention and Control Assessment Tool for Acute Care Hospitals. Departement of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Version 1.3.2 Sept. https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/pdf/icar/hospital.pdf.
 
[16]  Haile TG, Engeda EH, and Abdo AA, (2017). Compliance with Standard Precautions and Associated Factors among Healthcare Workers in Gondar University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. J Environ Public Health; 2017: 2050635. Published online 2017 Jan 16.
 
[17]  Amin T, AlWehedy A, (2009). Health care providers′ knowledge of standard precautions at the primary health care level in Saudi Arabia. Health Care Infect; 14: 65-72.
 
[18]  Abu Salam ME, El-Shazly HM, and Dewidar MA, (2015). Infection control awareness among healthcare providers in family health settings in Shebin El-kom district, Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. Menoufia Medical Journal the official publication of Menoufia Univ; 27 (4): 840-846.
 
[19]  Abd El Aziz KM, Baker IM, (2009). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of hand washing among health care workers in Ain Shams University hospitals in Cairo. J PREV MED HYG; 50: 19-25.
 
[20]  Alkubati SA, Ahmed NT, Mohamed ON, Fayed AM, and Asfour HI, (2015). Health care workers' knowledge and practices regarding the prevention of central venous catheter-related infection. Am J Infect Control. Jan; 43(1): 26-30. Epub 2014 Nov 20.
 
[21]  Okechukwu E.F. and Motshedisi C, (2012). Knowledge and practice of standard precautions in public health facilities in Abuja, Nigeria. Int J Infect Control, V(8): i3.
 
[22]  Iliyasu G, Dayyab FM, Garba HZ, Tiamiyu AB, Abubakar, Mijinyawa MS, and Habib AG, (2016). Knowledge and practices of infection control among healthcare workers in a Tertiary Referral Center in North-Western Nigeria. Annual of African Medicine.15 (1): 34-40.
 
[23]  Moussa MM, and Shahin EM, (2015). Evaluation of an educational Program on nurses’ knowledge and practice regarding Standard precautions of infection control measures in outpatients clinics. International Journal of Advanced Research. 3(6): 1024-1034.
 
[24]  Maheswaril, S, and Muthamilselvi, G, (2014). Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Universal Precaution among Class IV Employees Working at AarupadaiVeedu Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India. American Journal of Nursing Research, 2 (2), 26-30.
 
[25]  Abolwafa NF, Ouda WE, Mohammed FZ, and Masoed ES, (2013). Developing educational program for Nurses' Related to Infection Control of Invasive Procedures in Neonatal Units at EL-Minia University and General Hospitals. Journal of American Science. 9(10).
 
[26]  TeshagerFA, EngedaEH, and WorkuWZ. (2015). Knowledge, Practice, and Associated Factors towards Prevention of Surgical Site Infection among Nurses Working in Amhara Regional State Referral Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. Surgery Research and Practice. Article ID 736175.
 
[27]  WHO. (2009). World Health Organization Patient Safety. A World Alliance for Safer Health Care. Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care. First Global Patient Safety Challenge Clean Care is Safer Care.
 
[28]  Jain M, Dogra V, Mishra B, Thakur A, and Loomba PS. (2012). Infection control practices among doctors and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Annuals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 5 (1): 29-33.
 
[29]  Chudleigh J, Gould D.J, DreyN.S, MoralejoD, and Grimshaw J, (2008). Interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care. Journal of Hospital Infection April; 68(3):193-202.
 
[30]  Pessoa-Silva C.L, Whitby M, and McLaws M.L, (2010). Behavioural considerations for hand hygiene practices: the basic building blocks. Infect Control Hosp. Epidemiol., 31:283-294.
 
[31]  Archana LPA, Gladius JH, Meriton SA, Christina MP, 2018. A study on personal protective equipment use among health care providers, Tamil Nadu. Int J community Med Public Health; May; 5 (5). http://www.ijcmph.com.pISSN 2394-6032 | eISSN 2394-6040.
 
[32]  Timilshina N, Ansari MA, and Dayal V, (2011). Risk of infection among primary health workers in the Western Development Region, Nepal: knowledge and compliance. J Infect Dev Ctries. 5(1):018-022.
 
[33]  Juwarkar CS. (2013). Cleaning and Sterilisation of Anaesthetic Equipment. Indian J Anaesth. Sep-Oct; 57(5): 541-550.
 
[34]  Tirivanhu C, Ancia M, and Petronella S, (2014). Barriers to infection prevention and control (IPC) practice among nurses at Bindura Provincial Hospital, Zimbabwe. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science. Jan; 3(1), Ver. IV: 69-73.
 
[35]  Al-Hazmi AH, (2015). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Medical Students Regarding Occupational Risks of Hepatitis B Virus in College of Medicine, Aljouf University. Ann Med Health Sci Res. Jan-Feb; 5(1): 13-19.