Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jephh Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2019, 7(1), 7-14
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-7-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Physiochemical Properties and Anticipated Performance of Selected Plant Species in Lokpaukwu Quarry Site in Abia State, Nigeria

Ogbonna C.E.1, Nwafor F.I.2 and Ugbogu E.A.3,

1Department of Environmental Resource Management, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria

2Department of Pharmacognosy and Environmental Medicines, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

3Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University, PMB 2000, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: May 04, 2019

Cite this paper:
Ogbonna C.E., Nwafor F.I. and Ugbogu E.A.. Physiochemical Properties and Anticipated Performance of Selected Plant Species in Lokpaukwu Quarry Site in Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2019; 7(1):7-14. doi: 10.12691/jephh-7-1-2

Abstract

The study assessed the physiochemical properties and anticipated performance index (API) of some plants in Lokpaukwu quarry site to determine the impact of quarrying activities on the plants as well as the most suitable plants for green belt development in the area. Three plants species; Dialium guineense, Psidium guajava and Pterocarpus soyauxii were randomly selected for the study. Fresh leaves of the species were collected for foliar epidermal studies through clearing method and biochemical parameters; air pollution tolerance index (APTI) and API studies were evaluated using standard procedures. Results of foliar analysis showed clear evidence of environmental stress at the polluted site such as stretched epidermal cells as well as plasmolysed stomata with deformed guard cells. There were variations in some stomata parameters (such as stomata density and pore size) of the plants collected from the polluted site when compared with those from unpolluted site (control). Biochemical properties had significantly higher values (p < 0.05) at the control relative to those at the polluted site except for relative water content. The variations also occurred among the plants species. The values for ascorbic acid and total chlorophyll were highest in P. soyauxii. The APTI and API followed the sequences: P. soyauxii > D. guineense > P. guajava and P. soyauxii > D. guineense = P. guajava respectively. Based on APTI and API, P. soyauxii emerged the most suitable plant for bio-mitigation of air pollution and green belt development amongst the three plants.

Keywords:
Lokpaukwu quarry site foliar parameters APTI API green belt development

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Liu, Y., Ding, H. Variation in air pollution tolerance index of plants near a steel factory: Implications for landscape plant species selection for industrial areas. WSEAS Trans”. Environ. Dev. 4 (1): 24-32, 2008.
 
[2]  Joshi, N., Chauhan, A., Joshi, P.C. “Impact of industrial air pollutants on some biochemical parameters and yield in wheat and mustard plants”. Environmentalist. 29: 398-404, 2009.
 
[3]  Lameed, G.A., Ayodele, A.E. “Effect of quarrying activity on biodiversity: Case study of Ogbere site, Ogun State Nigeria. Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 4(11): 740-750, 2010.
 
[4]  Jahan, S., Iqbal, M.Z. “Morphological and anatomical studies of leaves of different plants affected by motor vehicles exhaust”. J. Islamic Acad. Sci. 5(1): 21-23, 1992.
 
[5]  Chauhan, A., Joshi, P.C. Effect of ambient air pollution on photosynthetic pigments on some selected trees in urban area. Ecol. Environ. Conserv. 14 (4): 23-27, 2008.
 
[6]  Vardak, E., Cook, C.M., Lanaras, T. “Effect of dust from a limestone quarry on the photosynthesis of Quercus coccifera and evergreen sclerophyllous shrub”. Bull. Environ. Contamination Toxicol. 54: 414-419, 1995.
 
[7]  Saha, D.C., Padhy, P.K. “Effects of stone crushing industry on Shorea robusta and Madhuca indica foliage in Lalpahari forest”. Atmospheric Poll. Res. 2 (2011): 463-476, 2011.
 
[8]  Tiwari, S., Agrawal, M., Marshall, F.M. “Evaluation of ambient air pollution impact on carrot plants at a suburban site using open top chambers”. J. Environ. Monitoring Assess. 119: 15-30, 2006.
 
[9]  Woo, S.Y., Je, S.M. “Photosynthetic rates and antioxidant enzyme activity of Platanus occidentalis growing under two levels of air pollution along the streets of Seoul”. J. Plant Biol. 49: 315-319, 2006.
 
[10]  Patel, A.M., Kousar, H. “Assessment of relative water content, leaf extract pH, ascorbic acid and total chlorophyll of some plant species growing in Shivamogga”. Plant Archiv. 11 (2): 935-939, 2011.
 
[11]  Tripathi, A.K., Gautam, M. “Biochemical parameters of plants as indicators of air pollution”. J Environ. Biol. 28 (1): 127-132, 2007.
 
[12]  Mahecha, G.S., Banmiya, B.R., Nair, N., Saini, D. “Air pollution tolerance index of certain plant species: A study of Madri industrial area Udaipur (Rajasthan), India”. Int. J. Innov. Res. Sci., Eng. Technol. 2 (12): 17927-7929, 2013.
 
[13]  Enete, I.C., Ogbonna, C.E. “Evaluation of air pollution tolerance index of selected ornamental plants in Enugu City, Nigeria”. J. Environ. Sci. Toxicol. Food Technol. 1 (2): 22-25, 2012.
 
[14]  Ogbonna, C.E., Nwafor, F.I., Ugbogu, E.A., Nwazue, K. “Assessment of foliar parameters and air pollution tolerance of broad leaved trees in Ugwuele Quarry Site, Uturu, Nigeria”. Appl. Ecol. Environ. Sci. 6(2): 48-56, 2018.
 
[15]  Fowler, D., Cape, J.N., Unsworth, M.H. “Deposition of atmospheric pollutants on forests”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 324: 247-265, 1989.
 
[16]  Das, S., Prasad, P. “Seasonal variation in air pollution tolerance indices and selection of plant species for industrial areas of Rourkela”. Indian J. Environ. Protection. 30 (12): 978-988, 2010.
 
[17]  Ogunkunle, C.O., Fatoba, P.O. “Contamination and spatial distribution of heavy metals in topsoil surrounding a mega cement factory”. Atmospheric Poll. Res. 5 (2): 270-282, 2014.
 
[18]  Govindaraju, M., Ganeshkumar, R.S., Muthukumaran, V.R., Visvanthan, P. “Identification and evaluation of air pollution tolerant plants around a lignite-based thermal power station for green belt development”. Environ. Sci. Pollution Res. 19 (4): 1210-1223, 2012.
 
[19]  Mondal, D., Gupta, S., Kumar, J.D. “Anticipated performance index of some tree species considered for green development in an urban area”. Int. Res. J. Plant Sci. 2 (4): 99-16, 2011.
 
[20]  Ogbonna, C.E., Okeke, C.U., Ugbogu, O.C., Otuu, F.C. “Leaf epidermal analysis of some plants in the Ishiagu lead-zinc mining area of Southeastern Nigeria”. Int. J. Biosci. 3 (11): 122-128, 2013.
 
[21]  Onyeonoro, U.U., Ogah, O.S., Ukegbu, A.U., Chukwuonye, I.I., Madukwe, O.O., Moses, A.O. Urban–rural differences in health-care-seeking pattern of residents of Abia State, Nigeria, and the implication in the control of NCDs. Health Services Insights. 9: 29-36, 2016.
 
[22]  Ogbonna, C.E., Otuu, F.C., Ugbogu, O.C., Nwaugo, V.O., Ugbogu, A.E. “Public health implication of heavy metal contamination of plants growing in the lead zinc mining area of Ishiagu, Nigeria”. Int. J. Biodiver. Environ. Sci. 7: 76-86, 2015.
 
[23]  Dhankhar, R., Mor, V., Narwal, S. “Anticipated performance index of selected plant species in university campus area, Rohtak, Haryana, India”. Int. J. Adv. Multidiscip. Res. 2(2): 32-41, 2015.
 
[24]  Arora, A., Sairam, R.K., Srivastava, G.C. “Oxidative stress and antioxidant system in plants”. Curr Sci. 82: 1227-1238, 2002.
 
[25]  Chouhan, A., Iqbal, S., Mahesh, R.S., Bafna, A. “Study of effect of air pollution on photosynthetic pigment of some plants growing in Pithampur Industrial Area, Dhar (M.P.)”. Int. J. Cur. Sci. Res. 1(4): 187-190, 2011.
 
[26]  Randhi, U.D., Reddy, M.A. “Evaluation of tolerant plant species in urban environment: a case study from Hyderabad, India”. Universal J. Environ. Res. Technol. 2 (4): 300-304, 2012.
 
[27]  Joshi, N., Joshi, A., Bist, B. “Air pollution tolerance index of some trees species from the industrial area of Tarapur”. Int. J. Life Sci. 2(2): 173-182, 2016.
 
[28]  Subramani, S., Devaanandan, S. “Application of air pollution tolerance index in assessing the air quality”. Int. J. Pharm. Pharmaceut. Sci. 7 (7): 216-221, 2015.
 
[29]  Swami, A., Chauhan, D. “Impact of air pollution induced by automobile exhaust pollution on air pollution tolerance index on few species of plants”. Int. J. Sci. Res. 4 (3): 342-343, 2015.
 
[30]  Joshi, O.P., Pawar, K., Wagela, D.K. “Air quality monitoring of indoor city with special reference to SO2 and tree barks pH”. J. Environ. Biol. 14: 157-162, 1993.
 
[31]  Katiyar, V., Dubey, P.S. “Sulphur dioxide sensitivity on two stage of leaf development in a few tropical tree species”. Indian J. Environ. Toxicol. 11: 78-81, 2001.
 
[32]  Misanjo, E., Ndalama, E., Sikelo, D., Kamanga-Thole, G. “Quarry dust emission effects on tree species diversity in Chogoni forest reserve and vegetation characteristics in adjacent villages, Dedza, Malawi”. Int. J. Informative Res. Rev. 2 (3): 511-515, 2015.
 
[33]  Jyothi, S.J., Jaya, D.S. “Evaluation of air pollution tolerance index of selected plant species along roadsides in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala”. J. Environ. Biol. 31 (3): 379-386, 2010.
 
[34]  Mir, Q.A., Yazdani, T., Kumar, A., Narain, K., Yunus, M. “Vehicular population and pigment content of certain avenue trees”. Pollution Res. 27: 59-63, 2008.
 
[35]  Agrawal, S., Tiwari, S.L. “Susceptibility level of few plants on the basis of air pollution tolerance index”. Indian For. 123: 319-322, 1997.
 
[36]  Rai, P.K., Panda, L.L., Chutia, B.M., Singh, M.M. “Comparative assessment of air pollution tolerance index (APTI) in the industrial (Rourkela) and non-industrial area (Aizawl) of India: An eco-management approach”. Afri. J. Environ. Sci. 944-948, 2013.
 
[37]  Pandit, M., Paudel, K.P. “Water pollution and income relationships: A seemingly unrelated partially linear analysis”. Water Resour. Res. 52 (10): 7668-7689, 2016.
 
[38]  Lalitha, J., Dhanam, S., Sankar-Ganesh, K. “Air pollution tolerance index of certain plants around SIPCOT industrial area Cuddalore, Tamilnadu, India”. Int. J. Environ. Bioenergy. 5 (3): 149-155, 2013.
 
[39]  Deepalakshmi, A.P., Ramakrishnaiah, H., Ramachandra, Y.L., Radhika, R.N. “Roadside plants as bio-indicators of urban air pollution”. J. Environ. Sci. Toxic. Food Tech. 14: 10-14, 2013.
 
[40]  Tiwari, S., Tiwari, M. “Air pollution tolerance indices of few plants growing near Raigarh, India”. J. Environ. Res. Develop. 1(2): 129-135, 2006.