Journal of City and Development
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Journal of City and Development. 2020, 2(1), 18-21
DOI: 10.12691/jcd-2-1-3
Open AccessArticle

An Evaluation of Users’ Place Attachment and Identity in a Recreational Urban Setting

Sarah E. Mount1,

1Department of Kinesiology & Health Education, University of Texas, Austin, Tx 78705

Pub. Date: December 29, 2020

Cite this paper:
Sarah E. Mount. An Evaluation of Users’ Place Attachment and Identity in a Recreational Urban Setting. Journal of City and Development. 2020; 2(1):18-21. doi: 10.12691/jcd-2-1-3


The validity of Williams and Roggenbuck’s [1] place attachment scale has been examined in numerous studies and the results indicate that it is a valid instrument for measuring place dependence and place identity in a variety of settings. The purpose of this study is to expand previous construct validity research on items related to the latent variable identified as place identity on a recreational resource in an urban setting. Participants included 126 trail users (58% female, 42% male, age 20-66) who completed an online survey designed to measure individual perceptions of trail characteristics and patterns of use. A single-factor confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed with goodness-of-fit tested using chi-square. When performed using the Maximum Likelihood method, the test was not significant, χ2(2) = 4.74, p = .09. When performed using the Generalized Least Squares method, the test also was not significant, χ2(2) = 4.54, p = .10, thus failing to reject the null hypothesis that the data do not fit the model. The results suggest that the 4-item place identity scale may be a valid measurement tool for use on recreational spaces in urban settings.

place attachment place identity biophilic cities urban planning recreation

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