Journal of City and Development
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jcd Editor-in-chief: Guangming Yu
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of City and Development. 2019, 1(1), 23-27
DOI: 10.12691/jcd-1-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Terrorism Will Not Survive in the Realm of New Zealand

Huseyin Ozdeser1, Behiye Cavusoglu1 and Odebola Taiwo James1,

1Economics Department, Near East University, Lefkosa, North Cyprus

Pub. Date: July 23, 2019

Cite this paper:
Huseyin Ozdeser, Behiye Cavusoglu and Odebola Taiwo James. Terrorism Will Not Survive in the Realm of New Zealand. Journal of City and Development. 2019; 1(1):23-27. doi: 10.12691/jcd-1-1-4

Abstract

This work posits that the New Zealand attack, which was actually a terrorist activity as defined, that for an activity to be justified as a terrorist act it must be targeted at a political purpose to reach a large and certain population by inflicting injury or bodily harm at targets. However, this study is to submit that terrorism will not survive in an economy like that of New Zealand, as the nation does not have history of armed conflict, more so, there is an existing regulated political structure and a well-managed public governance. Therefore, existing and secondary data in form of tables and illustrations from reports of Global Terrorism Index, GTI 2015 and 2018 are used to juxtapose the topic and submission, that terrorism will not have a place in the realm of New Zealand. The country does not fall in the category or League of Nations to be infested with terrorism. As much as there were direct costs from the attack in form of loss of lives, the indirect cost will not have any significant impact on the economy of the nation or translate to an ongoing operation of terrorists or terrorism in its globally renowned peaceful realm.

Keywords:
terrorism infested countries impact of terrorism on infected economies terrorism infliction on developing nations effect of terrorism-infection on economies implication of terrorism infestation on economic growth and stability

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Flashback: “Aramoana Masacre,” Stuff NZ; Crime: https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/63230292/null. [Accessed in March, 2019].
 
[2]  TVNZ: newsnow; Christchurch Mosque terror attacks. Available: https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/live-police- confirm-49-people-dead-in-christchurch-mosque-terror- attacks?variant=tb_v_2. [Accessed in March, 2019].
 
[3]  Subhayu Bandyopadhyay, and Javed Younas. The Economic Impact of Terrorism on Developing Countries, (2017). Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; The Economy Blog. Available: https://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/regional- economist/fourth-quarter-2017/impact-terrorism-developing- countries.
 
[4]  Todd Sandler, Daniel G. Arce, Walter Enders Enders and Sandler, “The Challenge of Terrorism”. Copenhagen Consensus 2008 project. Available: https://www.copenhagenconsensus.com/sites/default/files/cp_terrorismcc08vol2.pdf.
 
[5]  Walter Enders and Todd Sandler, “Economıc Consequences of Terrorısm in Developed and Developıng Countrıes: An Overvıew.” Available: https://www.utdallas.edu/~tms063000/website/Econ_Consequences_ms.pdf.
 
[6]  Global Terrorism Index, GTI 2015; Institute for Economics and Peace. Available: http://economicsandpeace.org/wp- content/uploads/2015/11/Global-Terrorism-Index-2015.pdf.
 
[7]  Global Terrorism Index, GTI 2018 Review, reliefweb. Available: https://reliefweb.int/report/world/global-terrorism-index-2018.
 
[8]  Blomberg, Brock & Hess, Gregory & Weerapana, Akila, “Economic Conditions and Terrorism,2004. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/4911742_Economic_Conditions_and_Terrorism.
 
[9]  Daniel Meierrieks & Thomas Gries, “Causality between terrorism and economic growth,2013. Available: http://file.prio.no/Journals/JPR/2013/50/1/Meierrieks%20and%20Gries%202013%20replication.zip.
 
[10]  Bruno S. Frey, Simon Luechinger and Alois Stutzer, “Calculating Tragedy: Assessing the Costs of Terrorism, Journal of Economic Surveys, September, 2004. Available: http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp_iew/iewwp205.pdf.
 
[11]  Walter Enders and Todd Sandler, “Terrorism and Foreign Direct Investment in Spain and Greece,” First published: August 1996.
 
[12]  Walter Enders and Eric Olson, “Measuring the Economic Costs of Terrorism,” The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict, 2012.
 
[13]  Friedrich Schneider, Tilman Brück, Daniel Meierrieks, “The Economics of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism”: A Survey (Part I), (2010). Available: https://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.359707.de/dp1049.pdf.
 
[14]  Wikipedia: Boko Haram; International Responses. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boko_Haram. [Accessed in October 2018].
 
[15]  Urban Securipedia, Economic effects of Terrorism. Available: https://securipedia.eu/mediawiki/index.php/Economic_effects_of_terrorism. [Accessed in November, 2018].
 
[16]  What are the Effects of Terrorism? Reference Site on World View: Social Sciences. Available: https://www.reference.com/world-view/effects-terrorism-e9573d1e98740bbc. [Accessed in October 2018].
 
[17]  Udeh SC and Ihezie UR, “Insecurity and national economic development implications for Nigeria’s vision 20: 2020,” (2013). International Journal of Development and Management Review. Vol 8, No 1 (2013). Retrieved from https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijdmr/article/view/91303.