Journal of Business and Management Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2333-4495 ISSN (Online): 2333-4533 Website: Editor-in-chief: Heap-Yih Chong
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2018, 6(1), 12-15
DOI: 10.12691/jbms-6-1-3
Open AccessLiterature Review

Role of Holistic Leadership in Kenyan Small and Medium Enterprises

Théophile Muyisa Katuka1,

1Management and Economics department, Christian Bilingual University of Congo

Pub. Date: January 17, 2018

Cite this paper:
Théophile Muyisa Katuka. Role of Holistic Leadership in Kenyan Small and Medium Enterprises. Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2018; 6(1):12-15. doi: 10.12691/jbms-6-1-3


This paper discusses the role of holistic leadership on business performance of SMEs in Kenya. The traditional dichotomy leadership-management has led to non-holistic management in many business organisations. This realisation led this study to propose the concept of “holistic leadership” which encompasses both the traditional views of leadership and management. To be able to appraise the role of holistic leadership in the performance of a company the study focused on two major sub-components: human resources management, which is the pure leadership aspect of the holistic leadership theory; and financial management and planning, which is its pure management aspect.

leadership management holistic leadership SMEs Kenya

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  OECD. (2015). New approaches to SME and entrepreneurship financing: Broadening the range of instruments. Paris: The Other.
[2]  Sukaatmadja, P. G., Rahyuda, H., & Dewi, A. K. (2017). The Role of customer relationship marketing in improving SMEs export performance in Bali Province. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 19(3), 47-54.
[3]  Katua, N. T. (2014). Role of SMEs in employment creation and economic growth in selected countries. International Journal of Education and Research, 2, 461-472.
[4]  Stogdill, R. M. (1974). Handbook of leadership: A survey of theory and research. New York: The Free Press.
[5]  Werhane, P., & Painter-Morland, M. (Eds.). (2010). Leadership, gender, and organization. London: Springer.
[6]  Cleveland, P. M. (2002). 50 steps to business success: Entrepreneurial leadership in manageable bites. Toronto: ECW Press.
[7]  Daft, R. L., & Marcic, D. (2006). Understanding management (5th ed.). Mason, USA: Thomson.
[8]  Armstrong, M. (2016). Armstrong's handbook of management and leadership: A guide to managing results. London: Kogan Page.
[9]  Thomas, N. (Ed.). (2004). The John Adair’s handbook of management and leadership. London: Thorogoog.
[10]  Bloem, J. (2012). Micro, small, medium enterprise (MSME) definitions. Unpublished research.
[11]  Koontz, H., & Weihrich, H. (2012). Essential of management: An international leadership perspective (9th ed.). New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Private Education Limited.
[12]  Fatoki, O. (2014). The causes of the failure of new small and medium enterprises in South Africa. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(20), 922-927.
[13]  Kamunge, M. S., Njeru, A., & Tirimbathe, O. I. (2014). Factors affecting the performance of small and micro enterprises in Limuru Town market of Kiambu County, Kenya. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(12), 1-20.
[14]  Bowen, M., Murara, M., & Muriithi, S. (2009). Management of business challenges among small and micro enterprises in Nairobi-Kenya. KCA Journal of Business Management, 2 (1), 16-31.
[15]  Arasti, Z. (2011). An empirical study on the causes of business failure in Iranian context. African Journal of Business Management, 5(17), 7488-7498.
[16]  Koech, M., & Namusonge, G. S. (2012). The effect of leadership styles on organizational performance at state corporations in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Commerce, 2(1), 1-12.
[17]  Cania, L. (2014). The Impact of strategic human resource management on organizational performance. Econimia, 17 (2), 372-383.
[18]  Muthoni, C. E. (2016). The effect of financial management practices on the performance of Saccos in hospitality industry: A case study of five star hotel Saccos in Nairobi. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
[19]  Van Horne, J., C., & Wachowicz, J., M., Jr. (2008). Fundamentals of financial management (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited.