Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2373-129X ISSN (Online): 2373-1303 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jbet Editor-in-chief: Ahmed Al-Jumaily
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology. 2020, 8(1), 6-13
DOI: 10.12691/jbet-8-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Calculation Method for Assessing Contact Parameters in the Hip Prosthesis Made of Thermo-diffusion Nitrided Grade 2 / ultra-high Molecular Weight Polyethylene

Myron Chernets1, 2,

1Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, 20-618 Lublin, Poland

2National Aviation University, Aerospace Faculty, 03680 Kyiv, Ukraine

Pub. Date: June 01, 2020

Cite this paper:
Myron Chernets. Calculation Method for Assessing Contact Parameters in the Hip Prosthesis Made of Thermo-diffusion Nitrided Grade 2 / ultra-high Molecular Weight Polyethylene. Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology. 2020; 8(1):6-13. doi: 10.12691/jbet-8-1-2

Abstract

In this paper, the author proposes a new calculation method for calculating contact parameters (i.e., maximum contact pressures, angle and diameter of contact) in the hip prosthesis made of thermo-diffusion nitrided (TDN) Grade 2 and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). The paper investigates the impact of hip joint load, prosthesis head diameter and radial clearance on the above contact parameters. Relationships between maximum contact pressures and the above-mentioned contact parameters are determined. Both increasing radial clearance and endoprosthesis loading cause a linear increase in contact pressure. However, when the head diameter increases, there is a non-linear reduction of contact pressure. The contact diameter increases linearly as the head diameter increases. According to the given method, the endoprosthesis with non-spherical surfaces of its elements was also tested (Alpharabola geometry). An analysis of the effect of head deviation from sphericity in the form of oval on contact pressure, contact angle and contact diameter was performed. Beneficial effects of this geometry were determined.

Keywords:
hip prosthesis calculation method Alpharabola geometry maximum contact pressures

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