Journal of Aquatic Science
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: Editor-in-chief: Hanaa Abd El Baky
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Aquatic Science. 2019, 5(1), 15-21
DOI: 10.12691/jas-5-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Reproductive and Growth Performance of Backcross of Albino Hybrid and Parents Clarias gariepinus

Onyia L.U.1, , Jibril M.T.1, Jegede I.O.2 and Duwal S.D.2

1Department of Fisheries, Modibbo Adama University of Technology PMB 2076, Yola

2Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Adamawa State University, Mubi

Pub. Date: December 22, 2019

Cite this paper:
Onyia L.U., Jibril M.T., Jegede I.O. and Duwal S.D.. Reproductive and Growth Performance of Backcross of Albino Hybrid and Parents Clarias gariepinus. Journal of Aquatic Science. 2019; 5(1):15-21. doi: 10.12691/jas-5-1-3


Backcrossing of Albino hybrid and parents Clarias gariepinus was conducted in the fish hatchery of Department of Fisheries, Teaching and Research farm, Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria, to study the reproductive and growth performance with the aim of determining the best in fertilization, hatchability, percentage survival and growth performance. Two pairs of brooders ♂NN + ♀NAlb and ♀NN + ♂NAlb were crossed. The results from the genetic cross ♂NAlb x ♀NAlb showed low performance in fertilization (75%), hatchability (61%) and survival (55%) while the highest was recorded in cross between ♂NN x ♀NN (95%, 82%, and 85%) respectively. The backcrossed ♂NAlb x ♀ NN), and reciprocal backcrossed ♂NN x ♀NAlb offspring reflected relatively intermediate fertilization (89% and 79%), hatchability (80% and 73%) and survival. (75% and 70%). However highest growth performance was recorded in backcross offspring (♂NAlb x ♀ NN) with final weight (57.100±1.5099), Weight gain (56.530±1.4430), Daily weight gain (1.009±0.0258), Length gain (4.5567±0.0173), Daily length gain (0.0814±0.0003) SGR(%/day) (3.58) and K factor (1.3) respectively. While high survival was found in parental cross (♂NN x ♀NN). It was concluded that crossing the albino hybrids gave low growth performance while backcrossing with the female parent gave good growth performance. It is therefore recommended that breeding albino should be between parents and offspring to obtain better growth performance.

backcross albino hybrid pigmented growth Clarias gariepinus

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Diyaware M.Y., Haruna A.B., Abubakar, K.A. Determination of testes regeneration period for catfish (Clarias gariepinus) after milt collection through ablation. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2010, 2(6): 375-379.
[2]  Oladosu G.A, Ayinla OA, Adeyemo A, Yakubu EF, Ajani AA. Comparative stud the reproductive capacity of the African catfish species, Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffery), Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) and their Hybrid “Heteroclarias” Nigerian Institute of Oceanography and Marine Research Technical Paper, 1993; 92: 1-23.
[3]  Debnath S. Clarias batrachus, the medicinal fish: An excellent candidate for aquaculture and employment generation. Proceedings of the International Conference on Asia Agriculture an Animal. Hong Kong, 2011. Available on: http://www.ipcbee. com/ vol13/7-A10002.pdf.
[4]  Onyia U. L, Ochokwu I. J, Akume C. Growth and Survival of Normal Coloured and Albino Clarias gariepinus and their Reciprocal Hybrids. Nigerian. Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 4(1): 22-27.
[5]  Hupfeld D, and Hoffmann KP. (2006). Motion perception in rats (Rattus norvegicus sp.): deficits in albino Wistar rats compared to pigmented Long-Evans rats. Behav Brain Res.; 2016, 170: 29-33. pmid:16563528.
[6]  Oliveira C, Foresti F. Albinism in the banded knifefish, Gymnotus carapo. Tropical Fish Hobbyist. 1996; 44(12): 92-96.
[7]  Miller J. All about albinism. Available from 2010 .gov/conmag /2005 /06/all-about-albinism.
[8]  C-GIDD, (Canback Global Income Distribution Database), Canback Dangel 2014. Retrieved on 29, May 2016.
[9]  Olaniyi, W.A.and Omitogun, O.G. Stages in the early and larval development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Teleostei, Clariidae) Zygote. 2013, 22:314-330.
[10]  Jimoh, W. and Aroyehun, H.T. (2011). Evaluation of cooked and mechanically defatted sesame (Sesamun indicum) seed meal as a replacer for soya meal in the diet of African cat fish (Clarias gariepiun). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2011, 11:185-190.
[11]  Bridges, W.R. and von Limbach, B. (1972). Inheritance of Albinism in Rainbow Trout. Journal of Heridity 1972, 63: 152-153.
[12]  Rosenstein S. and Hulala G. Sex reversal in the genus Oreochromis: optimization of feminization protocol, Aquaculture and Fisheries Management,1994, 25: 329-339.
[13]  El-zaeem S.Y. and Salam G.M. Production of genetically male Tilapia through interspecific hybridization between Oreochromis niloticus and Oreochromis aureus. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Science 2013, 12(4): 802-812d.
[14]  Salim,M,. Shahzadi,T,. and A. Barlas. Growth performance and feed conversion ratio in Hybrid fish (Catlaq catla and Labeo rohita) feed on wheat bran, rice broken and blood meal, Parkistan Veterinary Journal. 2009, 29: 55-58.
[15]  Onyia, L.U., B.M.B Ladu and Olufeagba S.O. Evaluation of hatchability, survival and Growth of Clarias anguillaris. World Journal of Biotechnology. 2010, 11(1): 1662-1667.
[16]  Viveen. W.J.A., Richter C.J.J., Van Oordt, P.G., Janseen, J.A.L. and Huisman,E.A., Practical manual for the culture of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus).Directorate General International Cooperation of the Ministryof Foreign Affairs. The Hague, The Netherlands, 1986, 121 pp.
[17]  Sahoo, S.K., Giri, S. S., Sahoo, A.K. and Ayyappan,S. Experimental Hybridization between catfish Clarias batracus x Clarias gariepinus and performance of the offspring in rearing operation. Asian Fish. Sci. 2003, 16:157-166.
[18]  Adebayo, O.T. Reproductive performance and heterosis in reciprocal Clarias hybrids between Clarias gariepinus and Clarias anguillaris. Journal Fish. Int., 2006, 6(3): 67-70.
[19]  Morni, M.M. Study on Cross Breeding Between Asian and African Catfish (Clarias macrocephalus and Clarias gariepinus) and some aspects of the Hybrid Larvae Development and Rearing. Koleg University of Science and Technology Malaysia, Master of Science Thesis 2003, 137p.
[20]  Burnside, E. B. To successfully crossbreed, it is essential to utilize breeds that is competitive and superior for individual straits. Article for crossbreeding for profit. November, 2004. Twoplus Norwegia.
[21]  Okumus, I., Degirmenci, A., Bascinar, N and Celikkale, M. S. Comparative, Approximate Biochemical composition and consumer preference of Albino and Normally pigmented varieties of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 2011, 1: 23-2.
[22]  Heath, D. D. and D.M. Blouw Are maternal effect in fish adaptive or Merely physiological Side effect? In: Maternal effect as Adaptations Mousseau, T.A. and C.W. fox (Ed.) Oxford University press, New York, 1998, 178-201pp.
[23]  Ndimele, P.E., Owodeinde, F.G., Kumolu Johnson C.A., Jimoh A.A., Whenu O.O. and Onyenania O.B. Growth performance of the reciprocal hybrids of Clarias gariepinus (Buchell, 1822) and Heterobranchus bidorsalis( valenciensis 1840). J. Biol. Sci., 2011, 12: 619-626.
[24]  Rahman, M.A., Bhadra, A., Begun, N.,Aslam, M. S., Hussain, M.G. Production of Hybrid vigor through cross breeding between Clarias batrachus lin and Clarias gariepinus Bur., Aquaculture 1995, 138 (1-4): 125-130.
[25]  Hassan, A., Ambak, M.A., and Samad, A.A. Crossbreeding of Pangasianodon hypopthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) and Pangasius nasutusI (Bleeker, 1863) and their larval development. Aquaculture. 2011, 74:1-10
[26]  Pryke S.R, Griffith SC. Red dominants black: agonistic signaling among head morphs in the colour polymorphic Gouldina finch. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series 11/9/2017 How does agonistic behaviour differ in albino and pigmented fish? https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC 4841223/12/13 B. 2006; 273: 949-957.
[27]  Pryke S.R. Is red an innate or learned signal of aggression and intimidation? Animal Behaviour. 2009; 78: 393-398.
[28]  Dijkstra P.D., Hemelrijk C.K., Seehausen O, Groothius T.G.G. Colour polymorphism reduces intrasexual selection in assemblages of cichlid fish. Behaviour Ecology. 2009; 20: 138-144.
[29]  Ayoade, A. A. Length-weight Relationship and diet of African Carp Labeo ogunensis (Boulenger, 1910) in Asijire lake southwestern Nigeria. J. fish.Aquat. sci. 2011, 6:472-478.
[30]  Boris Gomelsky. Fish genetic theory and practice VMD Verlag Muller GmbH and co. KG Dubweiler landstr. 99, 66123 Saarbruken Germany. 2011, Isbn: 978-3639-2805-9.