Journal of Atmospheric Pollution
ISSN (Print): 2381-2982 ISSN (Online): 2381-2990 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ki-Hyun Kim
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Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2015, 3(1), 31-38
DOI: 10.12691/jap-3-1-6
Open AccessArticle

The Analysis of Influence of Weather Conditions on Atmospheric Extinction Coefficient over Bauchi, North Eastern Nigeria

D. Buba1, F.O. Anjorin2, and A. Jacob3

1Department of PRE-ND, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi State-Nigeria

2Department of Physics, University of Jos. Plateau State-Nigeria

3Department of Pure and Applied Physics, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State-Nigeria

Pub. Date: December 25, 2015

Cite this paper:
D. Buba, F.O. Anjorin and A. Jacob. The Analysis of Influence of Weather Conditions on Atmospheric Extinction Coefficient over Bauchi, North Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2015; 3(1):31-38. doi: 10.12691/jap-3-1-6


Weather conditions are natural causes of visibility deterioration and increase in atmospheric extinction coefficient at a place. A 10- year dataset (1998-2007) of visibility and meteorological parameters such as Relative Humidity, Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure measured every 3-hour daily were analysed to examine the dependence of Atmospheric Extinction Coefficient, βext on seasonal meteorological conditions and synoptic weather patterns in Bauchi, a City in the North-eastern-Nigeria. From the visibility data obtained, the corresponding atmospheric extinction coefficient (βext) for the period under review was computed by using the Koschmieder relationship. In year 2000, when the Relative Humidity and atmospheric extinction coefficient, βext are highest, the temperature and visibility values are lowest. In 2003, when temperature (29.82°C) is highest, the Relative Humidity (42.52%) is lowest, although, the atmospheric coefficient was not at its lowest neither was the visibility (18.49km) at its highest. Of the years considered, year 2000 has the highest estimated atmospheric extinction coefficient, βext for both raining season and harmattan season. The raining season (June-September) has βext of 0.267 while the harmattan season has βext of 0.689. Their respective decadal mean for both raining season and harmattan season for the period under review are 0.205 ± 0.036 and 0.689±0.133.

atmospheric extinction coefficient weather visibility Bauchi

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