Journal of Atmospheric Pollution
ISSN (Print): 2381-2982 ISSN (Online): 2381-2990 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jap Editor-in-chief: Ki-Hyun Kim
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2015, 3(1), 1-8
DOI: 10.12691/jap-3-1-1
Open AccessReview Article

Novel Methods for Assessing Urban Air Quality: Combined Air and Noise Pollution Approach

Anirban Kundu Chowdhury1, , Anupam Debsarkar1 and Shibnath Chakrabarty1

1Department of Civil Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

Pub. Date: February 06, 2015

Cite this paper:
Anirban Kundu Chowdhury, Anupam Debsarkar and Shibnath Chakrabarty. Novel Methods for Assessing Urban Air Quality: Combined Air and Noise Pollution Approach. Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2015; 3(1):1-8. doi: 10.12691/jap-3-1-1

Abstract

The aim of the present review work is to critically examine the methodologies and findings of the research works which collectively treated traffic related air and noise pollution in commuting microenvironments of urban areas. It is evident from the published literatures that a moderate positive correlation between concentrations of traffic related air pollutants in terms of particulate matter; oxides of nitrogen; CO; ground level O3 and traffic noise level are common in the commuting microenvironments of cities. This may consequence correlated exposure to these environmental stressors to the subjects (e.g., thousands of pedestrian, commuters, hawkers and street dwellers) attached with the commuting microenvironments of urban areas. Prevailing meteorological condition e.g., wind speed and states of turbulent mixing within the urban canopy layer is the most prominent factor governing the degree of correlation between these environmental stressors. In these circumstances the combined air-noise exposure model may estimate the exposure of the subjects to traffic related air and noise pollution in a holistic manner and the city Noise-Air index may represent the air quality of commuting microenvironments in a holistic manner.

Keywords:
traffic air pollution noise pollution commuting microenvironments moderate positive correlation combined air-noise exposure model city Noise-Air index

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Allen, R.W., Davies, H., Cohen, M.A., Mallach, G., Kaufman, J.D., Adar, S.D., 2009. The spatial relationship between traffic-generated air pollution and noise in 2 US cities. Environmental Research. 109, 334-342.
 
[2]  Beelen, R., Hoek, G., Houthuijs, D., van den Brandt, P.A., Goldbohm, R.A., Fischer, P., Schouten, L.J., Armstrong, B., Brunekreef, B., 2009. The joint association of air pollution and noise from road traffic with cardiovascular mortality in a cohort study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 66, 243-250.
 
[3]  Bluhm, G.L., Berglind, N., Nordling, E., Rosenlund, M., 2007. Road traffic noise and hypertension. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 64, 122-126.
 
[4]  Boogaard, H., Borgman, F., Kamminga, J., Hoek, G., 2009. Exposure to ultrafine andfine particles and noise during cycling and driving in 11 Dutch cities. Atmospheric Environment 43, 4234-4242.
 
[5]  Brook, R.D., Franklin, B., Cascio, W., Hong, Y., Howard, G., Lipsett, M., Luepker, R., Mittleman, M., Samet, J., Smith, S.C.Jr., Tager, I; Expert Panel on Population and Prevention Science of the American Heart Association, 2004. Air pollution and cardiovascular disease: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Expert Panel on Population and Prevention Science of the American Heart Association. Circulation 109, 2655–2671.
 
[6]  Can, A., Rademaker, M., Van Renterghem, T., Mishra, V., Van Poppel, M., Touhafi, A., Theunis, J., De Baets, B., Botteldooren, D., 2011. Correlation analysis of noise and ultrafine particle counts in a street canyon. Science of the Total Environment. 409(3), 564-572.
 
[7]  Central Pollution Control Board of India, 2000. Ambient air quality in respect of noise. Schedule-part-II, Sec-3 (ii), Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi, India.
 
[8]  Central Pollution Control Board, India, 2009. National Ambient Air Quality Standards, Central Pollution Control Board Notification (18th November, 2009), New Delhi, India.
 
[9]  Chang, T.Y., Liu, C.S., Bao, B.Y., Li, S.F., Chen, T.I., Lin, Y.J., 2011. Characterization of road traffic noise exposure and prevalence of hypertension in central Taiwan. Science of the Total Environment. 409, 1053-1057.
 
[10]  Chowdhury, K. A., Debsarkar, A., Chakrabarty, S., 2011. A study on co-exposure to traffic related air pollution and noise for an important urban road of Kolkata city, India. Indian Journal of Air Pollution Control. XI (2), 34-40.
 
[11]  Chowdhury, K. A., Debsarkar, A., Chakrabarty, S., 2012. Analysis of day time traffic noise level: A case study of Kolkata India. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Research. 2(1), 114-118.
 
[12]  Davies, H.W., Vlaanderen, J.J., Henderson, S.B., Brauer, M., 2009. Correlation between co-exposures to noise and air pollution from traffic sources. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 66, 347-350.
 
[13]  de Kluizenaar, Y., Gansevoort, R.T., Miedema, H.M.E., de Jong, P.E., 2007. Hypertension and road traffic noise exposure. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 49 (5), 484-492.
 
[14]  Delfino, R.J., Tjoa, T., Gillen, D.L., Staimer, N., Polidori, A., Arhami, M., Jamner, L., Sioutas, C., Longhurst, J., 2010. Traffic-related Air Pollution and Blood Pressure in Elderly Subjects with Coronary Artery Disease. Epidemiology. 21, 396-404.
 
[15]  Elder, A., Gelein, R., Silva, V., Feikert, T., Opanashuk, L., Carter, J., Potter, R., Maynard, A., Ito, Y., Finkelstein, J., Oberdörster, G., 2006. Translocation of inhaled ultrafine manganese oxide particles to the central nervous system. Environmental Health Perspectives 114, 1172-1178.
 
[16]  Foraster, M., Deltell, A., Basagana, X., Medina-Ramon, M., Aguilera, I., Bouso, L., Grau, M., Phuleria, H.C., Rivera, M., Slama, R., Sunyer, J., Targa, J., Künzli, N., 2011. Local determinants of road traffic noise levels versus determinants of air pollution levels in a Mediterranean city. Environmental Research. 111, 177-183.
 
[17]  Freire, C., Ramos, R., Puertas, R., Lopez-Espinosa, M.J., Julvez, J., Aguilera, I., Cruz, F., Fernandez, M.F., Sunyer, J., Olea, N., 2010. Association of traffic-related air pollution with cognitive development in children. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 64, 223-228.
 
[18]  Fung, W. Y., Lee, L., W., 2011. Identifying a common parameter for assessing the impact of traffic-induced noise and air pollutions on residential premises in Hong Kong. Habitat International 35, 231-237.
 
[19]  Gan, Q.W., McLean, K., Brauer, M., Chiarello, A.S., Davies, W.H., 2012. Modeling population exposure to community noise and air pollution in a large metropolitan area. Evioronmental Research. 116, 11-16.
 
[20]  Hagler, G.S.W., Baldauf, R.W., Thoma, E.D., Long, T.R., Snow, R.F., Kinsey, J.S., Oudejans, L., Gullett, B.K., 2009. Ultrafine particles near a major roadway in Raleigh, North Carolina: downwind attenuation and correlation with trafficrelated pollutants. Atmospheric Environment 6, 1229-1234.
 
[21]  Hoffmann, B., Moebus, S., Mohlenkamp, S., Stang, A., Lehmann, N., Dragano, N., Schmermund, A., Memmesheimer, M., Mann, K., Erbel, R., Jockel, K.H., 2007. Residential exposure to traffic is associated with coronary atherosclerosis. Circulation. 116 (5), 489-496.
 
[22]  Ising, H., Lange-Asschenfeldt, H., Moriske, H.-J., Born, J., Eilts, M., 2004. Low Frequency noise and stress: bronchitis and cortisol in children exposed chronically to traffic noise and exhaust fumes. Noise & Health. 6 (23), 23-30.
 
[23]  Kim, K., Ho, X.D., Brown, C.J.R., Oh, M.J., Park, G.C., Ryu, C.I., 2012. Some insights into the relationship between urban air pollution and noise levels. Science of the Total Environment 424, 271-279.
 
[24]  Klæboe, R., Kolbenstvedt, M., Clench-Aas, J., Bartonova, A., 2000. Oslo traffic study-part 1: An integrated approach to assess the combined effects of noise and air pollution on annoyance. Atmospheric Environment 34 (27), 4727-4736.
 
[25]  Lusk, S.L., Hagerty, B.M., Gillespie, B., Ziemba, R.A., 2004. Acute effects of noise on blood pressure and heart rate. Archives of Environmental Health 59, 392-399.
 
[26]  Morawska, L., Ristovski, Z., Jayaratne, E.R., Keogh, D.U., Ling, X., 2008. Ambient nano and ultrafine particles from motor vehicle emissions: characteristics, ambient processing and implications on human exposure. Atmospheric Environment 42, 8113- 8138.
 
[27]  Oberdörster, G., Sharp, Z., Atudorei, V., Elder, A., Gelein, R., Kreyling, W., Cox, C., 2004. Translocation of inhaled ultrafine particles to the brain. Inhalation Toxicology 16, 437-445.
 
[28]  Orru, H., Jogi, R., Kaasik, M., Forsberg, B., 2009. Chronic Traffic-Induced PM Exposure and Self-Reported Respiratory and Cardiovascular Health in the RHINE Tartu Cohort. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 6, 2740-2751.
 
[29]  Passchier-Vermeer, W., Passchier, W.F., 2000. Noise exposure and public health. Environmental Health Perspectives. 108 (Suppl 1), 123-131.
 
[30]  Ross, Z., Kheirbk, I., Clougherty, J.E., Ito, K., Matte, T., Markowitz, S., Eisl, H., 2011. Noise, air pollutants and traffic: continuous measurement and correlation at a high-traffic location in New York City. Environmental Research. 111, 1054-1063.
 
[31]  Schwartz, J., Litonjua, A., Suh, H., Verrier, M., Zanobetti, A., Syring, M., et al., 2005. Traffic related pollution and heart rate variability in a panel of elderly subjects. Thorax. 60, 455-461.
 
[32]  Schwela, D., Kephalopoulos, S., Prasher, D., 2005. Confounding or aggravating factors in noise-induced health effects: air pollutants and other stressors. Noise & Health. 7 (28), 41-50.
 
[33]  Selander, J., Nilsson, M.E., Bluhm, G., Rosenlund, M., Lindqvist, M., Nise, G., et al., 2009. Long-term exposure to road traffic noise and myocardial infarction. Epidemiology. 20, 272-279.
 
[34]  Silva, T. L., Mendes, G. F. J., 2012. City Noise-Air: An environmental quality index for cities. Sustainable Cities and Society 4, 1-11.
 
[35]  Sørensen, M., Hvidberg, M., Andersen, Z.J., Nordsborg, R.B., Lillelund, K.G., Jakobsen, J., Tjønneland, A., Overvad, K., Raaschou-Nielsen, O., 2011. Road traffic noise and stroke: a prospective cohort study. European Heart Journal. 32(6), 737-744.
 
[36]  Sunyer, J., 2008. The neurological effects of air pollution in children. European Respiratory Journal 32, 535-537.
 
[37]  Tirabassi, T., Fortezza, F., Bassanino, M., Lavecchia, C., 1998. Carbon monoxide concentrations evaluated by traffic noise data in urban areas. II Nouvo Cimento 21, 149-159.
 
[38]  Tobias, A., Diaz, J., Saez, M., Alberdi, J.C., 2001. Use of Poisson regression and Box–Jenkins models to evaluate the short-term effects of environmental noise levels on daily emergency admissions in Madrid, Spain. European Journal of Epidemiology. 17 (8), 765-771.
 
[39]  Tonne, C., Melly, S., Mittleman, M., Coull, B., Goldberg, R., Schwartz, J., 2007. A case-control analysis of exposure to traffic and acute myocardial infarction. Environmental Health Perspectives. 115 (1), 53-57.
 
[40]  van Kempen, E., Fischer, P., Janssen, N., Houthuijs, D., van Kamp, I., Stansfeld, S., Cassee, F., 2012. Neurobehavioral effects of exposure to traffic-related air pollution and transportation noise in primary schoolchildren. Envioronmental Research. 115, 18-25.
 
[41]  Vlachokostas, C., Achillas, C., Michailidou, V. A., Moussiopoulos, N., 2012. Measuring combined exposure to environmental pressures in urban areas: An air quality and noise pollution assessment approach. Environment International 39, 8-18.
 
[42]  Weber, S., 2009. Spatio-temporal covariation of urban particle number concentration and ambient noise. Atmospheric Environment. 43, 5518-5525.
 
[43]  Weber, S., Litschke, T., 2008. Variation of particle concentrations and environmental noise on the urban neighbourhood scale. Atmospheric Environment 42, 7179-7183.
 
[44]  Weijers, E.P., Khlystov, A.Y., Kos, G.P.A., Erisman, J.W., 2004. Variability of particulate matter concentrations along roads and motorways determined by a moving measurement unit. Atmospheric Environment 38, 2993-3002.
 
[45]  WHO (World Health Organisation), 2000. Air Quality Guidelines. WHO European Series No. 91. second ed. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe
 
[46]  WHO (World Health Organization) 2005, Air quality guidelines global update, meeting report. Report on a working group meeting. Bonn, Germany: WHO.
 
[47]  WHO (World Health Organization), 2005. Night noise guidelines for Europe. WHO Regional Office for Europe.
 
[48]  WHO, 2011. Burden of Disease from Environmental Noise. Available: http://docs.wind-watch.org/WHO-burden-of-disease-from-environmental-noise 2011.pdf (accessed 16.09.2013).
 
[49]  www.statstutor.ac.uk/resources/uploaded/spearmans.pdf, accessed on 10.09.2013.
 
[50]  Zhu, Y., Kuhn, T., Mayo, P., Hinds, W.C., 2006. Comparison of daytime and nighttime concentration profiles and size distributions of ultrafine particles near a major highway. Environmental Science & Technology 40, 2531-2536.