Journal of Atmospheric Pollution
ISSN (Print): 2381-2982 ISSN (Online): 2381-2990 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jap Editor-in-chief: Ki-Hyun Kim
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2014, 2(1), 12-16
DOI: 10.12691/jap-2-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Studying Atmospheric Dust and Heavy Metals on Urban Sites through Synchronous Use of Different Methods

Armen Saghatelyan1, Lilit Sahakyan1, , Olga Belyaeva1 and Nairuhi Maghakyan1

1Environmental Geochemistry Department, Center for Ecological-Noosphere Studies of NAS RA, Yerevan, Armenia

Pub. Date: August 14, 2014

Cite this paper:
Armen Saghatelyan, Lilit Sahakyan, Olga Belyaeva and Nairuhi Maghakyan. Studying Atmospheric Dust and Heavy Metals on Urban Sites through Synchronous Use of Different Methods. Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2014; 2(1):12-16. doi: 10.12691/jap-2-1-3

Abstract

Outdoor dust as a pollutant is also a transit environment for different pollutants emphasizing heavy metals. Commonly, it is urban population, who is exposed to the maximal adverse impact of dust and associated pollutants. In most cases, urban atmosphere researches are implemented on a few permanent monitoring stations. Data obtained from these stations cannot be sufficient enough to provide a real picture of atmospheric pollution. The most detailed information is obtained from synchronous instrumental sampling (aspiration) and studies of indicator environments (snow cover, leaves). This research pursued assessment of levels of dust and heavy metal pollution of near-surface air through different methods on the example of city of Yerevan (Armenia). The city area comprises a complex mosaic of natural and man-made sources of dust and heavy metals. So, for many years Yerevan has been exposed to high dust and associated heavy metals pollution levels. The research was implemented in 2011 through 2012 and included spatially coherent snow and tree leaf sampling, and instrumental sampling of dust and allowed assessing dust and heavy metal load and contents on the entire territory of Yerevan, identifying pollution sources, contouring ecologically unfavorable sites and finally identifying risk groups among the population.

Keywords:
urban air pollution dust heavy metals alternative research methods

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 6

References:

[1]  Analytical methods for atomic absorption spectrometry. PerkinElmer, BS EN ISO, 9001.
 
[2]  Gerba C.P. Risk Assessment. Elsevier, 2006, 212-232.
 
[3]  Mattahias A.D. Monitoring near-surface air quality. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, London, 2004, 164-181.
 
[4]  Perelman А., Kasimov N. Landscape Geochemistry. Publ. H. Astrea-2000, Moscow, 1999, 446-502. (in Russian).
 
[5]  RA Government Resolution № 92-N of 25 January 2005 “About approval of the order of assessment of the economic activities - induced impact on soil resources. Yerevan, 2005; http://www.arlis.am/# (in Armenian).
 
[6]  RA Government resolution №160-N as of February 2-2006. http://www.arlis.am/# (in Armenian).
 
[7]  Ram S.S., Majumder S., Chaudhuri P. et al. “Plant canopies: bio-monitor and trap for re-suspended dust particulates contaminated with heavy metals”. Mitigation and Adaption Strategies for Global Change 19 (2014), 499–508
 
[8]  Resolution № 143-N as of June 4-2007 of Nature Protection Ministry RA. http://www.arlis.am/ (in Armenian).
 
[9]  Revich B. Methodical Requirements on Geochemical Assessment of Pollution of Urban Territories with Chemical Elements. Moscow, Publ. H. IMGRE, 1982, 112 (in Russian).
 
[10]  Risk Assessment Information System (RAIS), http://rais.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/prg/RISK_search?select=chem.
 
[11]  Saghatelyan A.K. The Peculiarities of heavy metal distribution on Armenia’s territory. Publ. H. CENS NAS RA, Yerevan, 2004, 157 (in Russian).
 
[12]  Saghatelyan A.K., Arevshatyan S.H., Sahakyan L.V. “Ecological-Geochemical Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution of the Territory of Yerevan” New Electronic Journal of Natural Sciences, №1, 2003, 36-46.
 
[13]  Sahakyan L. “The assessment of heavy metal stream in the air basin of Yerevan” Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 25(Suppl. 1), 95-96.
 
[14]  Sayet Yu.E., Revich B.A., Yanin E.P. Environmental Geochemistry. Nedra, Moscow, 1990, 335 p. (in Russian)
 
[15]  Tchounwou P.B., Yedjou C.G., Patlolla A.K., Sutton D.J. Heavy metals toxicity and the environment. Berlin, Springer, 2012, v. 101, 133-164.
 
[16]  Wong C.S.C., Li X., Thornton I. “Urban environmental geochemistry of trace metals” Environmental Pollution, 142(1) 2006, 1-16.
 
[17]  Yerokhina V.I. Greening of Settlements. Stroyizdat, Moscow, 1987, 480 (in Russian).