Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2373-6747 ISSN (Online): 2373-6712 Website: Editor-in-chief: Sankar Narayan Sinha
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2018, 6(1), 25-29
DOI: 10.12691/jaem-6-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Water Quality of River Narmada at Gwari Ghat Jabalpur (M.P., India) in Terms of Microbial Load, Drug Resistance and Potability

Poornima Sharma1,

1Shri Ram Institute of Pharmacy, Madhotal, Jabalpur, India

Pub. Date: March 24, 2018

Cite this paper:
Poornima Sharma. Water Quality of River Narmada at Gwari Ghat Jabalpur (M.P., India) in Terms of Microbial Load, Drug Resistance and Potability. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2018; 6(1):25-29. doi: 10.12691/jaem-6-1-4


Regular assessment of river water quality is required to monitor the effectiveness of various schemes declared by municipal authorities in the direction of cleaning river Narmada. Though efforts have been made by the responsible authorities, the expected results are yet to be achieved. Water samples tested on selective and differential media indicate presence of potentially pathogenic microbes in high numbers such as Pseudomonas, Salmonella and Shigella, other than E.coli. Drug resistant forms of enteric bacteria were not detected in present research. Yeast and mould forms were also obtained in test samples where Candida, Aspergillus, Penicillium were at considerable levels, though dermatophytes were infrequently obtained.

Narmada river microbial load pathogen drug resistance

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 4


[1]  Singh, P.K., “Why Waste Water”, Message from the Regional Director, WHO South-East Asia Region, on World Water Day 2017 World Health Organisation., 2017.
[2]  Kelkar-Khambete, A., “Half of India’s interstate rivers plagued by pollution and poor water quality, India Water Portal”,;, 02 March 2017.
[3]  Vyawahare, M., “PM Modi launches river conservation project”, Hindustan Times,, May 23, 2017.
[4]  Identification of Salmonella species. UK Standards for Microbiology Investigations Issued by the Standards Unit, Public Health England, ID 24, Issue no: 3, 25.06.2015., 2017.
[5]; Microbiological Methods, IV-B, 2009.
[6]  Antimicrobial Susceptibility Discs Leaflet, Fluka,, 2017.
[7]  Balouiri, M., Sadiki, M. and Ibnsouda, S.K., “Methods for in vitro evaluating antimicrobial activity: A review”, Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis 6, 71-79, 2016.
[8]  Flint River Green Notebook,, April, 2011.
[9]  Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, Fourth Edition, World Health Organisation, 2017.
[10]  Waturangi, D.E., Rahayu, B.S., Lalu, K.Y., Michael and Mulyono. N., “Characterization of bioactive compound from actinomycetes for antibiofilm activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria”, Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 12(4), 291-299, 2016.
[11]  Sharma S., Vishwakarma R., Dixit S. and Jain P., “Evaluation of Water Quality of Narmada River with reference to Physcochemical Parameters at Hoshangabad city, MP, India”, Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, 1(3) June 2011.
[12]  Saxena, D.; “Madhya Pradesh's lifeline- Narmada, battles for survival”, Times of India,; Jun 5, 2013.
[13]  Jain, D., Rahi, D.C. and Verma, S., “Assessment of Water Quality Status by Using Water Quality Index (WQI) Method in Narmada River in Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh”, International Journal for Scientific Research & Development, 4 (12), 122- 124, 2017.
[14]  Upadhyay, A. and Chandrakala, M., “Water quality index of Narmada river water Jabalpur,MP, India”, International Journal of Science and Nature, 7 (4), 809-812, 2016.
[15]  Katakwar, M., “Narmada river water: Pollution and its impact on the human health”, International Journal of Chemical Studies, 4(2): 66-70, 2016.
[16]  Rowe, B., Ward, L.R. and Threlfall, E.J., “Multidrug-resistant Salmonella typhi: a worldwide epidemic”, Clinical Infectious Diseases, 24 Suppl 1: S106-109, Jan, 1997.
[17]  Hirose, K., Tamura, K., Sagara, H. and Watanabe, H., “Antibiotic Susceptibilities of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi and S. enterica Serovar Paratyphi A Isolated from Patients in Japan”, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 45 (3), 956-958, Mar. 2001.
[18]  Raveendran, R., Datta, S. and Wattal, C., “Drug resistance in Salmonella enterica serotype typhi and paratyphi A”, JIMSA Journal of International Medical Sciences Academy, 23(1); January - March 2010.
[19]  Lamboro, T., Ketema, T., and Bacha, K., “Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella and Shigella Species Isolated from Outpatients, Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia”, Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, Vol 2016, Article ID 4210760, 8 pages, 2016.
[20]  Chiou, C., Lauderdale, T., Phung, D., Watanabe, H., Kuo, J., Wang, P., Liu, Y., Liang, S. and Chen, P., “Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi Isolates from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Taiwan, and Vietnam”, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 58 (11), 6501-6507, November 2014.
[21]  Verma, S. and Rawat, A., “Multi-Drug Resistance in Indian Rivers: Review”, International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research, 2, Sept/Oct 2014.
[22]  Me, I., Ne, B., and Me, H., “Increased multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli from hospitals in Khartoum state, Sudan”, African Health Sciences, 12(3), 368-375, 2012.
[23]  Wambugu, P., Habtu, M., Impwi, P., Matiru, V. and Kiiru, J., “Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profiles among Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Athi River Water in Machakos County, Kenya”, Advances in Microbiology, 5, 711-719, 2015.
[24]  Chen, Z., Yu, D., He, S., Ye, H., Zhang, L., Wen, Y., Zhang, W., Shu, L. and Chen, S., “Prevalence of Antibiotic-Resistant Escherichia coli in Drinking Water Sources in Hangzhou City”, Frontiers in Microbiology, 8, Article 1133, June 2017.