Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2373-6747 ISSN (Online): 2373-6712 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jaem Editor-in-chief: Sankar Narayan Sinha
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Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2017, 5(2), 74-78
DOI: 10.12691/jaem-5-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Isolation of Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Garbage Soil

M. Rajesh1, M. Samundeeswari1 and B. Archana1,

1Department of Zoology, The American College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Pub. Date: July 19, 2017

Cite this paper:
M. Rajesh, M. Samundeeswari and B. Archana. Isolation of Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Garbage Soil. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2017; 5(2):74-78. doi: 10.12691/jaem-5-2-3

Abstract

Biosurfactants are amphiphilic compounds secreted extra-cellularly by microorganisms. Biosurfactants contains hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties that reduce the surface tension and interfacial tension by accumulating at the interface of hydrophobic substances and thus increase the solubility, bioavailability and subsequent biodegradation of the hydrophobic or insoluble organic compounds. The present study focused on the isolation of biosurfactant producing microorganisms from garbage soil. Isolated microorganisms were identified based on the biochemical characterization as Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. Qualitative analysis of biosurfactant production was identified by performing assays like hemolysis on blood agar, penetration assay and C-TAB agar assay. The present study confirms that isolated microorganisms have biosurfactant property.

Keywords:
biosurfactant staphylococcus aureus bacillus cereus

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