Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2373-6747 ISSN (Online): 2373-6712 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jaem Editor-in-chief: Sankar Narayan Sinha
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Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2014, 2(4), 143-154
DOI: 10.12691/jaem-2-4-8
Open AccessArticle

An Application of Mixed Consortium in Microbial Degradation of Reactive Red: Effective Strategy of Bioaugmentaiton

Maulin P Shah1,

1Industrial Waste Water Research Laboratory, Division of Applied & Environmental Microbiology, Enviro Technology Limited, Ankleshwar, Gujarat, India

Pub. Date: June 10, 2014

Cite this paper:
Maulin P Shah. An Application of Mixed Consortium in Microbial Degradation of Reactive Red: Effective Strategy of Bioaugmentaiton. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2014; 2(4):143-154. doi: 10.12691/jaem-2-4-8

Abstract

In this paper, replacement-series method and contour analysis were applied to investigate optimal bioaugmentation strategies for the treatment of a dye-contaminated aquatic system using a constructed mixed-community for biodecolorization of a model azo dye Reactive Red. The novelty emphasizes that a species without essential target functions in a mixed culture could still play a crucial role in influencing the treatment performance. That is, although non-decolorizers (i.e., Escherichia coli DH5α) were considered metabolically ‘‘dormant’’ in this model binarybiosystem, their presence still significantly enhanced decolorization performance of the decolorizers (i.e., Pseudomonas spp.). In aerobic growth conditions, E. coli DH5α possessed a growth advantage to out-compete Pseudomonas spp. due to preferential growth rate of DH5α. However, in static decolorization conditions, DH5α seemed to produce decolorization-stimulating extracellular metabolites to help the major decolorizer (Pseudomonas spp.) decompose the toxic pollutant (i.e., the azo dye) in a short term for the benefit of total survival in the environment. The experimental results show that the presence of E. coli DH5α increased the decolorization efficiency of Pseudomonas spp. even though DH5α was an inefficient decolorizer in this microbial community. Thus, addition of DH5α into a mixed culture containing Pseudomonas spp. as a major decolorizer may lead to a bioaugmentation effect on decolorization activity. The optimal population ratio for bioaugmentation was determined by the contour analysis. The results indicate that the optimal community species ecology for maximum overall decolorization rate almost maintained at a ratio of one viable Pseudomonas spp. (0.78 x109 cells/mL) to one DH5α cell (0.70 x 109 cells/mL), representing a maximal diversity (i.e., Hmax 1.0).

Keywords:
Pseudomonas reactive red bioaugmentation decolorization

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