Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2373-6747 ISSN (Online): 2373-6712 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jaem Editor-in-chief: Sankar Narayan Sinha
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Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2019, 7(1), 20-24
DOI: 10.12691/jaem-7-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Bread Fungi: Phytochemical Constituents and Antimicrobial Activity of Isolates

Mpamah Ihuoma Chaste1, , Kanu Chidozie1, Kanu Kingsley1, Uchendu Udochukwu1 and Ochor Nnenne2

1Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

2Department of Forestry and Environmental Management, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: May 02, 2019

Cite this paper:
Mpamah Ihuoma Chaste, Kanu Chidozie, Kanu Kingsley, Uchendu Udochukwu and Ochor Nnenne. Bread Fungi: Phytochemical Constituents and Antimicrobial Activity of Isolates. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2019; 7(1):20-24. doi: 10.12691/jaem-7-1-4

Abstract

Bread is a cereal product which provides essential nutrients to the body. Several fungi have been associated with bread spoilage yet bread fungi may offer some benefits. The studied aimed to assess the phytochemicals present in bread fungi and the antimicrobial effects of the fungal isolates. The fungi were isolated using the pour plate technique with Potato dextrose agar and Tryptone soya agar as the growth medium. The fungi were characterized and identified based on their morphological characteristics. The fungi, Aspergillus spp, Rhizopus spp, Fuasrium spp, Mucor spp, Alternaria spp, Tricothecium spp, Sporendonema spp Trichothecium spp and Clasdosporium spp. occurred most frequently in the bread sample. The fungal isolates contained phytochemicals such as alkaloids, tanins, saponins, phenolics, flavonoids and steroids, which reflects its ability to produce bioactive compounds which could serve both environmental and medicinal purposes. The trends of zone of bacteria inhibition for E,coli was penicillium spp< Aspergillus spp< Fuasrium spp< Rhizopus spp, for staphyloccus was penicillum spp< Fuasrium spp <Aspergillus spp etc.

Keywords:
antimicrobial activity bread fungi phytochemicals

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