Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2373-6747 ISSN (Online): 2373-6712 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jaem Editor-in-chief: Sankar Narayan Sinha
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2013, 1(1), 6-11
DOI: 10.12691/jaem-1-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Microbial Degradation of Textile Dye (Remazol Black B) by Bacillus spp. ETL-2012

Maulin P Shah1,

1Applied & Environmental Microbiology Lab, Enviro Technology Limited (CETP), Ankleshwar, Gujarat, India

Pub. Date: December 08, 2013

Cite this paper:
Maulin P Shah. Microbial Degradation of Textile Dye (Remazol Black B) by Bacillus spp. ETL-2012. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2013; 1(1):6-11. doi: 10.12691/jaem-1-1-2

Abstract

In the present study, an attempt was made to examine the potential of isolated bacterium for decolorization of Remazol (azo dye) in batch reactors. Bacteria from soil, & dye waste were subjected to acclimatization with azo dye, in the basal nutrient media. The most promising bacterial isolate was used for further dye degradation studies. Biochemical characteristics revealed the isolated organism as Bacillus spp. The optimum pH and temperature for the decolorization was 6.0 and 37ÂșC, respectively. This decolorization potential increased the applicability of this microorganism for the dye removal. The results suggest that the Bacillus spp. ETL-2012 can be used as a useful tool to treat waste water containing reactive dyes.

Keywords:
Keywords: Remazol Black B Bacillus pH temperature static condition

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 6

References:

[1]  Moorthi P.S., Selvam S.P., Sasikalaveni A., Murugesan K. and Kalaichelvan P.T (2007). Decolorization of textile dyes and their effluents using white rot fungi, African J Biotech, 6(4), 424-429.
 
[2]  Rafi F., Fraeankalin W. and Cerniglia C.E (1990). Optimization of cultural condition for decolorization of textile effluent, Appl Environ Microbiol, 56, 2146.
 
[3]  Anjali P., Poonam S. and Leela I (2007). Bacterial decolorization and degradation of azo dyes, Int Biodet Biodegr, 59, 73-84.
 
[4]  Bhatti H.N., Akram N. and Asgher M (2008). Optimization of culture conditions for enhanced decolorization of Cibacron Red FN-2BL by Schizophyllum commune IBL-6, Appl Biochem Biotecnol, 149, 255-264.
 
[5]  Zollinger H (1991). Colour Chemistry Synthesis Properties and Application of Organic Dyes and Pigments, VCH New York, 92-102.
 
[6]  Abadulla E., Tzanov T., Costa S., Robra K., Cavaco A. and Gubitz G (2000).Decolorization and detoxification of textiles dyes with Laccase from from trametes hirsuta, Appl Environ Microbial, 66(80), 3357-62.
 
[7]  Pinherio H.M., Touraud E. and Tomas O (2004). Aromatic amines from azo dye reduction: status review with emphasis on direct UV spectrophotometric detection in textile industry wastewater, Dyes and Pigments, 61(2), 121-139.
 
[8]  Talarposhti A.M., Donnelly T. and Anderson G (2001). Color removal from a simulated dye wastewater using a two phase anaerobic packed bed reactor, Water Res, 35(2), 425-432.
 
[9]  Wong P, Yuen P. (1998). Decolorization and Biodegradation of N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine by Klebsiella pneumonia RS-13 and Acinetobacter liquifacienss-1. J Appl. Microbiol 85: 79.
 
[10]  Robinson T., McMullan G., Marchant R. and Nigam P (2001). Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative (review), Biores Technol, 77(3), 247-255.
 
[11]  Chen K.C., Wu J.Y., Liou D.J. and Hwang S.C.J (2003). Decolorization of the textile azo dyes by newly isolated bacterial strains, J Biotechnol,101, 57-68.
 
[12]  Ponraj M., Gokila K. and Vasudeo Zambare (2011). Bacterial decolorization of textile dye- Orange 3R, International journal of advanced biotechnology and research ISSN 0976-2612, 2(1), 168-177
 
[13]  Chang J.S. and Kuo T.S (2000). Kinetics of bacterial decolorization of azo dye with Escherichia coli NO3, Bioresource Technology, 75, 107-111.
 
[14]  Chang J.S., Chou C. and Chen S.Y (2001). Decolorization of azo dyes with immobilized Pseudomonas luteola, Process Biochemistry, 36, 757-763.
 
[15]  Fu Y. and Viraraghavan T (2002). Dye biosorption sites in Aspergillus niger, Bioresource Technology, 82,139-145.
 
[16]  Saikia N. and Gopal M (2004). Biodegradation of -cyfluthrin by fungi, Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 52, 1220-1223.
 
[17]  Fournier D., Halasz A., Thiboutot S., Ampleman G., Dominic M. and Hawari J (2004). Biodegradation of octahydro- 1, 3, 5, 7- tetranitro-1, 3, 5, 7-tetrazocine (HMX) by Phnerochaete chrysosporium, New insight into the degradation pathway, Environmental Science and Technology, 38, 4130-4133.
 
[18]  Aksu Z.. and Donmez G (2003). A comparative study on the biosorption characteristics of some yeasts for Remozal Blue reactive dye, Chemosphere, 50, 1075-1083.
 
[19]  Gupta V.K., Mittal A., Krishnan L. and Gajbe V (2004). Adsorption kinetics and column operations for the removal and recovery of malachite green from wastewater using ash, Separation and Purification Technology, 40, 87-96.
 
[20]  Acuner E. and Dilek F.B (2004). Treatment of tectilon yellow 2G by Chlorella vulgaris, Process Biochemistry, 39, 623-631.
 
[21]  De-Bashan L.E., Moreno M., Hernandez J.P. and Bashan Y (2002). Removal of ammonium and phosphorus ions from synthetic wastewater by the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris coimmobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae growth- promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense, Water Research, 36, 2941-2948.
 
[22]  Valderama L.T., Del Campo C.M., Rodriguez C.M., De- Bashan E.L. and Bashan Y (2002). Treatment of recalcitrant wastewater from ethanol and citric acid production using the microalga Chlorella vulgaris and the macrophyte Lemna minuscule, Water Research, 36, 4185-4192
 
[23]  Yan H. and Pan G (2004). Increase in biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate by Closterium lunula using inorganic carbon, Chemosphere, 55,1281-1285.
 
[24]  Kumar K.V., Sivanesan S. and Ramamurthi V (2005). Adsorption of malachite green onto Pithophora sp., a fresh water algae: equilibrium and kinetic modeling, Process Biochemistry, 40, 2865-2872.
 
[25]  Yatome, C., Ogawa, T., Koga, D. and Idaka, E. (1981). Biodegradation of Azo and triphenylmethane dyes by Pseudomonas pseudomallei. 13na. J. Society. dyers colorist.; 97: 166-169.
 
[26]  Saratale RG, Saratale GD, Chang JS, Govindwar SP (2009) Ecofriendly degradation of sulphonated diazo dye C.I. Reactive Green 19A using Micrococcus glutamicus NCIM-2168. Bioresour Technol 100:3897-3905.
 
[27]  Kalyani DC, Patil PS, Jadhav JP, Govindwar SP (2008) Biodegradation of reactive textile dye Red BLI by an isolated bacterium Pseudomonas sp. SUK1. Bioresour Technol 99:4635-4641.
 
[28]  Jiunkins R. (1982). Pretreatment of textile waste water. Proc. 37th Industrial waste Conference Purdue Uni. Lafayette, Ind p. 37-139.
 
[29]  Tyagi OD, Mehra M. (1990). A textbook of environmental chemistry.Anmol Publications, New Delhi, India.
 
[30]  Kumar A. (1989) Environmental Chemistry. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, India.
 
[31]  Delee W, Niel CO, Hawkes FR, pinheiro HM. (1998). Anaerobic treatment of textile effluents: a review. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 73: 323-325.
 
[32]  Kim HT. (1994). Soil reaction. In: Environmental soil science. Marcel Dekker Inc., U.S.A, p. 149.
 
[33]  Agarwal SK. (1996). Industrial Environment: Assessment and strategy .APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India.
 
[34]  Coughlin MF, Kinkle BK, Tepper A, Bishop PL. (1997). Characterization of aerobic azo dye degrading bacteria and their activity in biofilms. Water Sci Technol 36: 215-220.
 
[35]  Dawkar V, Jadhav U, Jadhav S, Govindwar S. (2008). Biodegradation of disperse textile dye Brown 3REL by newly isolated Bacillus sp. VUS J Appl Microbiol 105: 14-24.
 
[36]  Felsenstein, J (1993). PHYLIP (phylogenetic inference package). Version 3.5c. Department of Genetics University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA.