Journal of Applied Agricultural Economics and Policy Analysis
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jaaepa Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Applied Agricultural Economics and Policy Analysis. 2018, 1(1), 22-30
DOI: 10.12691/jaaepa-1-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Genetic Engineering Development and Acceptance in Sub Saharan Africa: Stakeholders and Public Opinion about GMO

Charmaine Priscilla Kwade1, , Annabelle Gadabu1, Victoria Addo1, Latif Amadu1, Vincent Arkorful2 and Sadia Lukman1

1University of Science and Technology of China, China

2University of Siena, Italy

Pub. Date: December 26, 2018

Cite this paper:
Charmaine Priscilla Kwade, Annabelle Gadabu, Victoria Addo, Latif Amadu, Vincent Arkorful and Sadia Lukman. Genetic Engineering Development and Acceptance in Sub Saharan Africa: Stakeholders and Public Opinion about GMO. Journal of Applied Agricultural Economics and Policy Analysis. 2018; 1(1):22-30. doi: 10.12691/jaaepa-1-1-4

Abstract

Many researchers and policymakers have brought about different solutions to the global issue of food insecurity. The limitations of providing sustainable resolutions to avert poverty and hunger in Africa have being tackled in diverse ways and has generated a number of controversies in the region. This paper aims to investigate issues pertaining to GE development and production in Sub Saharan Africa and to unearth and propose solutions to challenges restricting the development and production of GE crops in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) by examining the opinions of policymakers and the general public in selected number of countries. A qualitative approach of interviews was employed to gain an understanding from different perspectives. A survey conducted in four Sub-Saharan African countries; Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and South Africa revealed that, people are confident that GMO could solve the current agronomic problems but the fear of its potential harm on the environment and health is what deters them. Also, regulatory requirements are emerging as crucial hindrances to many of these countries. However, the study touched briefly on the potential of GMO solving these agronomic problems hence further research should emphasize the potential of GMO soling non-agronomic problems. Also, due to the busy schedule of many relevant stakeholders and respondents, it was difficult to get hold of them to be interviewed.

Keywords:
agricultural biotechnology genetic engineering sub Saharan Africa agricultural development; policymaker group

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  G. D. Arthur, “Benefits and concerns surrounding the cultivation of genetically modified crops in Africa: The debate,” AFRICAN J. Biotechnol., vol. 10, no. 77, pp. 17663-17677, 2011.
 
[2]  E. Castellari, C. Soregaroli, T. J. Venus, and J. Wesseler, “Food processor and retailer non-GMO standards in the US and EU and the driving role of regulations,” Food Policy, vol. 78, no. February, pp. 26-37, 2018.
 
[3]  D. Holland, I. Liadze, C. Rienzo, and D. Wilkinson, “The relationship between graduates and economic growth across countries,” BIS Res. Pap., no. 110, p. 72, 2013.
 
[4]  D. Eriksson et al., “Science & Society A Welcome Proposal to Amend the GMO Legislation of the EU,” Trends Biotechnol., vol. xx, pp. 1-4, 2006.
 
[5]  Y. L. B. Marie DE LATTRE-GASQUET, Alain WEIL, “Genetically modified plants in Africa: issues and research,” Food Policy, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 593-608, 2004.
 
[6]  R. Paarlberg, “GMO foods and crops: Africa’s choice,” N. Biotechnol., vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 609-613, 2010.
 
[7]  D. A. Nadolnyak and I. M. Sheldon, “A Model of Diffusion of Genetically Modified Crop Technology in Concentrated Agricultural Processing Markets - The Case of Soybeans,” no. August, pp. 28-31, 2002.
 
[8]  K. Fischer, E. Ekener-petersen, L. Rydhmer, and K. E. Björnberg, “Social Impacts of GM Crops in Agriculture: A Systematic Literature Review,” pp. 8598-8620, 2015.
 
[9]  R. Bailey, R. Willoughby, and D. Grzywacz, “On Trial: Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa,” no. July, 2014.
 
[10]  D. Stone and M. Dove, “Agricultural Deskilling and the Spread of Genetically Modified Cotton in Warangal,” vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 67-103, 2007.
 
[11]  About IFPRI ’ s Peer Review Process.
 
[12]  J. Hall, S. Matos, S. Gold, and L. S. Severino, “The paradox of sustainable innovation: The ‘Eroom’ effect (Moore’s law backwards ),” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 172, pp. 3487-3497, 2018.
 
[13]  O. Osiemo, “‘Saving Africa: The GMO Cold War and the Battle for Africa,’” J. World Trade, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 143-162, 2018.
 
[14]  R. Ciegis, J. Ramanauskiene, and B. Martinkus, “The Concept of Sustainable Development and its Use for Sustainability Scenarios,” no. 2, pp. 28-37, 2009.
 
[15]  “sustainability.pdf.” .
 
[16]  J. Mayers, “Stakeholder power analysis,” no. March, 2005.
 
[17]  R. K. Yin, Case Study Research Design and Methods. Thousand Oaks: SAGE, 2003.
 
[18]  R. E. Stake, The Art of Case Study Research. London: SAGE, 1995.
 
[19]  S. B. Merriam, Introduction to Qualitative Research. In Qualitative Research in Practice. Merriam, Sharon and Associates, eds. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002.
 
[20]  J. W. Creswell, Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches., 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks: SAGE, 2007.
 
[21]  P. Aerni and T. Bernauer, “Stakeholder Attitudes Toward GMOs in the Philippines , Mexico , and South Africa: The Issue of Public Trust,” vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 557-575, 2006.
 
[22]  A. A. Adenle, E. J. Morris, and G. Parayil, “Status of development , regulation and adoption of GM agriculture in Africa: Views and positions of stakeholder groups,” Food Policy, vol. 43, pp. 159-166, 2013.
 
[23]  P. Aerni, “Stakeholder attitudes towards the risks and benefits of genetically modified crops in South Africa,” vol. 8, pp. 464–476, 2005.
 
[24]  M. Teshome, “THE AFRICAN UNION AND ITS PERSPECTIVES ON The AU in a Nut Shell,” 2010.
 
[25]  M. Mayet and A. Centre, “Green Revolution push in Africa the occupation of the Guinea Savannah- where the GM push fits in Mariam Mayet African Centre for Biosafety ( ACB ).”
 
[26]  M. Bassey, “AGRA ’ s Technology Push in Africa A commentary by,” 2010.
 
[27]  A. G. S. Guide, “Genetically Engineered Food What about.”
 
[28]  J. M. Alston, W. J. Martin, and P. G. Pardey, AND LONG-RUN FOOD 15. Elsevier Inc., 2015.
 
[29]  J. Dibden, D. Gibbs, and C. Cocklin, “Framing GM crops as a food security solution,” J. Rural Stud., vol. 29, pp. 59-70, 2013.
 
[30]  J. D. Vitale, “The Commercial Application of GMO Crops in Africa: Burkina Faso ’ s Decade of Experience with Bt Cotton,” vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 320-332, 2010.
 
[31]  A. Ranchhod, “The futures of genetically-modi fi ed foods: Global threat or panacea?,” vol. 83, pp. 24-36, 2016.
 
[32]  R. Aug, “Agricultural Biotechnology Africa,” 2014.
 
[33]  E. J. Morris, “Modern Biotechnology—Potential Contribution and Challenges for Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharan Africa,” pp. 809-822, 2011.
 
[34]  J. Diels, M. Cunha, C. Manaia, B. Sabugosa-madeira, and M. Silva, “Association of financial or professional conflict of interest to research outcomes on health risks or nutritional assessment studies of genetically modified products,” Food Policy, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 197-203, 2011.
 
[35]  R. Falkner and Æ. A. Gupta, “The limits of regulatory convergence: globalization and GMO politics in the south,” pp. 113-133, 2009.
 
[36]  A. A. Adenle, “Adoption of commercial biotech crops in Africa Adoption of commercial biotech crops in Africa,” no. January 2011, 2015.
 
[37]  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development., FDI and tourism: the development dimension: east and southern Africa, no 6. 2008.