International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System
ISSN (Print): 2373-1273 ISSN (Online): 2373-1281 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dr. Pushpendra Singh, Dr. Rajkumar Rajasekaran
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International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System. 2014, 2(3), 88-92
DOI: 10.12691/iteces-2-3-2
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Fingerprint Patterns and the Analysis of Gender Differences in the Patterns Based on the U Test

Lidong Wang1, and Cheryl Ann Alexander2

1Department of Engineering Technology, Mississippi Valley State University, Itta Bena, USA

2Department of Nursing, University of Phoenix, Tempe, USA

Pub. Date: May 14, 2014

Cite this paper:
Lidong Wang and Cheryl Ann Alexander. Fingerprint Patterns and the Analysis of Gender Differences in the Patterns Based on the U Test. International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System. 2014; 2(3):88-92. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-3-2


The testing and frequency distribution analysis of African American fingerprint patterns (loop, whorl, and arch) was conducted. It was shown that loops are the most common, whorls are the second most common, and arches are the least common with a very small percentage (4.33%). Most loops are ulnar loops while only 4.47% loops are radial loops. Of the total arches, 61.54% arches are plain arches and 38.46% arches are tented arches. A comparative study of gender difference in African American fingerprint patterns was conducted using a non-parametric method based on the U test. The U test results show that there is no significant gender difference in fingerprint patterns between African American males and females at the 0.05 level of significance.

fingerprint system information technology fingerprint pattern loop whorl arch flat fingerprint rolled fingerprint slap fingerprint U test

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