International Journal of Physics
ISSN (Print): 2333-4568 ISSN (Online): 2333-4576 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijp Editor-in-chief: B.D. Indu
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
International Journal of Physics. 2016, 4(5), 119-122
DOI: 10.12691/ijp-4-5-1
Open AccessArticle

Measurement of Radon Gas Concentration in Tap Water Samples in Wassit Governorate by Using Nuclear Track Detector (CR-39)

Laith Ahmed Najam1, , Mahmood Salim Karim2 and Taghreed Khalid Hameed2

1Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

2Department of Physics, College of Education, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

Pub. Date: August 06, 2016

Cite this paper:
Laith Ahmed Najam, Mahmood Salim Karim and Taghreed Khalid Hameed. Measurement of Radon Gas Concentration in Tap Water Samples in Wassit Governorate by Using Nuclear Track Detector (CR-39). International Journal of Physics. 2016; 4(5):119-122. doi: 10.12691/ijp-4-5-1

Abstract

In the present work, we have measured the radon gas concentration in environmental water sample of selected regions in Wassit governorate by using alpha-emitters registrations which are emitted from radon gas in (CR-39) nuclear track detector. The results of measurements indicate that the highest average radon gas concentrations in tap water samples were found in Nuamaniya region, which was equal to (0.820±0.04 Bq/L), while the lowest average radon gas concentration was found in Jassan region, which was equal to (0.325±0.02 Bq/L), with an average value of (0.563±0.12Bq/L). The highest value of annual effective dose (AED) in tap water samples was found in Nuamaniya region, which was equal to (0.08 μSv/y), while the lowest value of annual effective dose (AED) was found in Jassan region, which was equal to (0.03μSv /y), with an average value of (0.05±0.01 μSv/y), the tap water in Wassit governorate is safe as far as radon concentration is concerned.

Keywords:
water sample tap water radon concentration CR-39 detector

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  NRC, “Health Effects of Exposure to Radon”, National research council, biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR), VI Report, (1999).
 
[2]  Harb S., El-Kamel A. H., Zahran A. M., Abbady A., and Ahmed F.A. “Assessment of natural radioactivity in soil and water samples from Aden governorate south of Yemen region” International Journal of recent research in Physics and Chemical Sciences, 1, pp.1-7, (2014).
 
[3]  Shashikumar. T.S, Chandrashekara. M.S, Paramesh. L. “Studies on Radon in soil gas and Natural radionuclides in soil, rock and ground water samples around Mysore city” International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 1,No.5, pp.787-797, (2011).
 
[4]  Gazprom Neft produces first oil at Badra oilfield, Iraq (09/01/2014), http://www.gazprom-neft.com/press-center/news/1096837.
 
[5]  Khan AJ, Varshney AK, Prasad R, Tyagi RK, Ramachandran T.V. “Calibration of a CR-39 plastic track detector for the measurement of radon and its daughters in dwellings” Nucl Tracks Radiat Meas, 17, pp.497-502, (1990).
 
[6]  Amalds O., Custball N.H. & Nielsen G.A. “Cs137 in Montarq Soils”, Health Physics, 57 No.6, pp. 955-958, (1989).
 
[7]  Durrani S.A. and Bull R.K., “Solid State Nuclear Track Detection: Principles, Methods and Applications”, Pergammon Press, U.K., (1987).
 
[8]  Alam M. N., Chowdhry M. I., Kamal M., Ghose S., Islam M. N. & Awaruddin M., “Radiological assessment of tap water of the Chittagong region of Bangladesh”, Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 82, pp.207–214, (1999).
 
[9]  Ferreira A.O., Pecequilo B.R. and Aquino R.R., “Application of a Sealed Can Technique and CR-39 detectors for measuring radon emanation from undamaged granitic ornamental building materials”, Radioprotection Journal, 46, No.6, pp.49-54, (2011).
 
[10]  Kant K., Upadhyay S.B. and Chakarvarti S.K. “Alpha activity in Indian thermal springs” Iran. J. Radiat. Res. 2, No. 4, pp.197-204, (2005).
 
[11]  Najem H, AL-Khalifa I.J and Salman H.B, “Determination of radon concentration in soil of Basrah governorate by using solid state nuclear track detectors” Basrah Science Journal, 26, No.1, pp.38-48, (2012).
 
[12]  Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations, Final Rule for Non-Radon Radionuclides in Tap Water, Technical Fact Sheet, EPA, 815-F-00-013, (2000).