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International Journal of Physics. 2020, 8(4), 134-146
DOI: 10.12691/ijp-8-4-4
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An Approach to an Element of Order Number Zero in the Periodic System

T. G.M. Gerlitz1, and W. Walden1

1Department of Computer Sciences, Technological University of Panama, Panama, Republic of Panama

Pub. Date: November 05, 2020

Cite this paper:
T. G.M. Gerlitz and W. Walden. An Approach to an Element of Order Number Zero in the Periodic System. International Journal of Physics. 2020; 8(4):134-146. doi: 10.12691/ijp-8-4-4


The question for anti-particles is one of the most outstandingly difficult problems in physics. There were many successful attempts from researchers including models to find a suitable explanation for anti-matter appearing in atom and matter theory. Some examples show really to demonstrate anti-matter character as it reveals the Dirac´s quantum mechanical formalism. Indeed, a series of those atoms are found by experiment. In addition some exotic sounding ones are theoretically predicted and proven by experiment as it is the Positronium. This atom is formed by an electron and a positron and seams really to represented particle and co-particle in one so that it can be considered its own anti-particle itself. Obviously, this construct besides other ideas can meet the requirement of negative states predicted by Dirac as it finally led to the discovery of the positron as well many decades ago. The consideration of negative states in atom physics and the aspect to involve that phenomena into the description of particles could also lead to an extension in the chemical periodic system similarly to arrive at boardering edges those could limit the chemical elements at one side by the Feynmanium and on the other a Positronium. In addition, this research is one of the main goals in elementary physics as it opens a way for interpretation of the Dirac´s equation allowing or even demanding for negative states. Although, particles negative in electric charge or atoms reversed in the charges of nucleus and the surrounding electric clouds, respectively, still demonstrate positive in mass. As a consequence it stands the question wheather and how this requirement can be overcome to entirely obey the demands for negative states, because the mass in all those investigations remains positive and every atom found consists of real and positive matter. However, those suggestions are missing. The aim of the present study is to propose a model that becomes suitable to consider those facts, especially not to ignore a mass negative. In this investigation a theory is tried in a simple model that considers both states of matter together to arrive at an atomic system consisting of an electromagnetic wave. Since electromagnetic waves are that way a true phenomena as they do not appear in a rest-mass differing from zero and there are also no electric or magnetic interaction either, the simplest form of an atom is proposed in the result of a pure electromagnetic wave alone.

classical electrodynamics classical mechanics special relativity general relativity

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