International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2013, 1(2), 49-53
DOI: 10.12691/ijebb-1-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Treatment of Municipal Waste Water by Photocatalytic Method

Assefa Alena1 and Omprakash Sahu2,

1Department of Chemical Engineering, KIOT, Wollo University, Ethiopia

2Department of Chemical Engineering, NIT, Raipur, India

Pub. Date: November 12, 2013

Cite this paper:
Assefa Alena and Omprakash Sahu. Treatment of Municipal Waste Water by Photocatalytic Method. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2013; 1(2):49-53. doi: 10.12691/ijebb-1-2-3

Abstract

In this study, the semiconductor photocatalytic disinfection of secondary treated municipal wastewater was investigated. Natural water from a spring in Ethiopia prefecture, which is used for the water supplies for the city of Ethiopia, Crete, and samples from the effluents of the secondary settling tank of the municipal wastewater treatment plant of Ethiopia were collected. The samples were exposed to UV-A irradiation in the presence of TiO2. The parameters examined in this study were the length of TiO2 / UV-A treatment for effective disinfection, the microorganism type (total coliforms, enterococci), the relative bactericidal activity of three different types of TiO2, the amount of the catalyst needed, and the pH of the samples. The results presented here show that commercial TiO2 powder Degussa P25 is the most effective catalyst of the three used. Enterococci showed a stronger resistance to photocatalytic disinfection, whereas small pH changes do not seem to have a significant effect on it.

Keywords:
semiconductor photocatalysis water wastewater disinfection

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