International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation
ISSN (Print): 2333-8628 ISSN (Online): 2333-8636 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijebb Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2013, 1(2), 43-48
DOI: 10.12691/ijebb-1-2-2
Open AccessArticle

An Innovative Approach to Biodegradation of Textile Dye (Remazol Black B) by Bacillus Spp.

Maulin P Shah1, , Kavita A Patel1, Sunu S Nair1 and A M Darji1

1Industrial Waste Water Research Laboratory, Applied & Environmental Microbiology Lab, Enviro Technology Limited (CETP), Gujarat, India

Pub. Date: November 01, 2013

Cite this paper:
Maulin P Shah, Kavita A Patel, Sunu S Nair and A M Darji. An Innovative Approach to Biodegradation of Textile Dye (Remazol Black B) by Bacillus Spp.. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2013; 1(2):43-48. doi: 10.12691/ijebb-1-2-2

Abstract

In the present study, an attempt was made to examine the potential of isolated bacterium for decolorization of Remazol Black B dye in batch reactors. A potential bacterial strain was isolated and selected from the textile effluent on the basis of rapid azo dye Remazol Black B (250mgl–1) decolorization and later identified as belonging to genus Bacillus based on phenotypic characterization. The effect of pH, temperature, carbon & nitrogen source was studied with an aim to determine the optimal conditions required for maximum decolorization and degradation. Decolorization was effective at pH 8, 35°C with starch and peptone as carbon and nitrogen sources and in static conditions. This decolorization potential increased the applicability of this microorganism for the dye removal. The results show that the isolated bacterium has a dynamic potential in removal of Remazol Black B dye from wastewater under aerobic conditions.

Keywords:
Remazol Black B Bacillus pH temperature static condition

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 4

References:

[1]  Abadulla E., Tzanov T., Costa S., Robra K., Cavaco A. and Gubitz G (2000).Decolorization and detoxification of textiles dyes with Laccase from from trametes hirsuta, Appl Environ Microbial, 66(80), 3357-62.
 
[2]  Acuner E. and Dilek F.B (2004). Treatment of tectilon yellow 2G by Chlorella vulgaris, Process Biochemistry, 39, 623-631.
 
[3]  Adedayo O, Javadpour S, Taylor C, Anderson WA, Moo- Young M. (2004). Decolourization and Detoxification of Methyl Red by aerobic bacteria from a wastewater treatment plant. World J Microbiol Biotechnol, 20: 545-550.
 
[4]  Agarwal SK. (1996). Industrial Environment: Assessment and strategy .APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India.
 
[5]  Aksu Z.. and Donmez G (2003). A comparative study on the biosorption characteristics of some yeasts for Remozal Blue reactive dye, Chemosphere, 50, 1075-1083.
 
[6]  Anjali P., Poonam S. and Leela I (2007). Bacterial decolorization and degradation of azo dyes, Int Biodet Biodegr, 59, 73-84.
 
[7]  Baljeet Singh Saharan and Poonam Ranga (2011). Optimization of cultural conditions for decolourization of textile azo dyes by Bacillus subtilis spr42 under submerged fermentation, Advanced Biotechnology and Research, 2(1), 148-153.
 
[8]  Bhatti H.N., Akram N. and Asgher M (2008). Optimization of culture conditions for enhanced decolorization of Cibacron Red FN-2BL by Schizophyllum commune IBL-6, Appl Biochem Biotecnol, 149, 255-264.
 
[9]  Chang J.S. and Kuo T.S (2000). Kinetics of bacterial decolorization of azo dye with Escherichia coli NO3, Bioresource Technology, 75, 107-111.
 
[10]  Chang J.S., Chou C. and Chen S.Y (2011). Decolorization of azo dyes with immobilized Pseudomonas luteola, Process Biochemistry, 36, 757-763.
 
[11]  Chen K.C., Wu J.Y., Liou D.J. and Hwang S.C.J (2003). Decolorization of the textile azo dyes by newly isolated bacterial strains, J Biotechnol,101, 57-68.
 
[12]  Coughlin MF, Kinkle BK, Tepper A, Bishop PL. (1997). Characterization of aerobic azo dye degrading bacteria and their activity in biofilms. Water Sci Technol 36: 215-220.
 
[13]  Daneshvar N, Ayazloo M, Khataee AR, Pourhassan M. (2007). Biological Decolorization of dye solution containing Malachite Green by Microalgae Cosmarium sp. Bioresour. Techno 98: 1176.
 
[14]  Dawkar V, Jadhav U, Jadhav S, Govindwar S. (2008). Biodegradation of disperse textile dye Brown 3REL by newly isolated Bacillus sp. VUS J Appl Microbiol 105: 14-24.
 
[15]  De-Bashan L.E., Moreno M., Hernandez J.P. and Bashan Y (2002). Removal of ammonium and phosphorus ions from synthetic wastewater by the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris coimmobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae growth- promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense, Water Research, 36, 2941-2948.
 
[16]  Deepak KS, Harvinder SS, Manjinder S, Swapandeep SC, Bhupinder SC. (2004). Isolation and Characterization of microorganisms capable of decolorizing various triphenylmethane dyes. J. Basic Microbiol 44(1): 59-65.
 
[17]  Delee W, Niel CO, Hawkes FR, pinheiro HM. (1998). Anaerobic treatment of textile effluents: a review. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 73: 323-325.
 
[18]  Fournier D., Halasz A., Thiboutot S., Ampleman G., Dominic M. and Hawari J (2004). Biodegradation of octahydro- 1, 3, 5, 7- tetranitro-1, 3, 5, 7-tetrazocine (HMX) by Phnerochaete chrysosporium, New insight into the degradation pathway, Environmental Science and Technology, 38, 4130-4133.
 
[19]  Fu Y. and Viraraghavan T (2002). Dye biosorption sites in Aspergillus niger, Bioresource Technology, 82,139-145.
 
[20]  Gupta V.K., Mittal A., Krishnan L. and Gajbe V (2004). Adsorption kinetics and column operations for the removal and recovery of malachite green from wastewater using ash, Separation and Purification Technology, 40, 87-96.
 
[21]  Gupta V.K., Rastogi A., Saini V.K. and Jain N (2006). Biosorption of copper (II) from aqueous solutions by Spirogyra species, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 296, 59-63.
 
[22]  Hu TL. (1998). Degradation of azo dye RP2B by Pseudomonas luteola. Water Sci Technol 38: 299-306.
 
[23]  Jacob Thomson. (1998). Impact of Industries on the Ground Water Quality of Tiruppur and its Ethical implications, Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Zoology, University of Madras, Chennai.
 
[24]  Jiunkins R. (1982). Pretreatment of textile waste water. Proc. 37th Industrial waste Conference Purdue Uni. Lafayette, Ind p. 37-139.
 
[25]  Kalyani DC, Telke AA, Dhanve RS, Jadhav JP. (2009). Eco-friendly biodegradation and detoxification of Reactive Red 2 textile dye by newly isolated Pseudomonas sp. SUK1. J Hazard Mater 163: 735-742.
 
[26]  Kapdan, K.I., F. Kargi, G. McMullan and R. Marchant (2000). Effect of environmental conditions on biological decolorization of textile dyestuff by C. versicolor. Enzyme and Microbial Technoloy, 26: 381-387.
 
[27]  Khehra MS, Saini HS, Sharma DK, Chadha BS, Chimni SS. (2005). Decolorization of various azo dyes by bacterial consortium. Dyes Pigments 67: 55-61.
 
[28]  Kim HT. (1994). Soil reaction. In: Environmental soil science. Marcel Dekker Inc., U.S.A, p. 149.
 
[29]  Kumar A. (1989) Environmental Chemistry. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, India.
 
[30]  Kumar K.V., Sivanesan S. and Ramamurthi V (2005). Adsorption of malachite green onto Pithophora sp., a fresh water algae: equilibrium and kinetic modeling, Process Biochemistry, 40, 2865-2872.
 
[31]  Mali PL, Mahajan MM, Patil DP, Kulkarni MV. (2000). Biodecolorization of members of triphenylmethanes and azo groups of dyes. J Sci Ind Res India 59: 221-224.
 
[32]  Moorthi P.S., Selvam S.P., Sasikalaveni A., Murugesan K. and Kalaichelvan P.T (2007). Decolorization of textile dyes and their effluents using white rot fungi, African J Biotech, 6(4), 424-429.
 
[33]  Panswed J, Wongehaisuwan S. (1986). Mechanism of dye waste water color removal by magnesium carbonate-hydrate basic. Water Sci Technol 18: 139-144.
 
[34]  Pinherio H.M., Touraud E. and Tomas O (2004). Aromatic amines from azo dye reduction: status review with emphasis on direct UV spectrophotometric detection in textile industry wastewater, Dyes and Pigments, 61(2), 121-139.
 
[35]  Ponraj M., Gokila K. and Vasudeo Zambare (2011). Bacterial decolorization of textile dye- Orange 3R, International journal of advanced biotechnology and research ISSN 0976-2612, 2(1), 168-177
 
[36]  Rafi F., Fraeankalin W. and Cerniglia C.E (1990). Optimization of cultural condition for decolorization of textile effluent, Appl Environ Microbiol, 56, 2146.
 
[37]  Robinson T., McMullan G., Marchant R. and Nigam P (2001). Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative (review), Biores Technol, 77(3), 247-255.
 
[38]  Saikia N. and Gopal M (2004). Biodegradation of -cyfluthrin by fungi, Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 52, 1220-1223.
 
[39]  Senthilnathan S, Azeez PA. (1999). Water Quality of Effluents from Dyeing and Bleaching Industry in Tiruppur, TamilNadu India. Journal of Industrial Pollution Contro, 15(1): 79-88.
 
[40]  Talarposhti A.M., Donnelly T. and Anderson G (2001). Color removal from a simulated dye wastewater using a two phase anaerobic packed bed reactor, Water Res, 35(2), 425-432.
 
[41]  Tyagi OD, Mehra M. (1990). A textbook of environmental chemistry.Anmol Publications, New Delhi, India.
 
[42]  Valderama L.T., Del Campo C.M., Rodriguez C.M., De- Bashan E.L. and Bashan Y (2002). Treatment of recalcitrant wastewater from ethanol and citric acid production using the microalga Chlorella vulgaris and the macrophyte Lemna minuscule, Water Research, 36, 4185-4192.
 
[43]  Vandevivre PC, Bianchi R, Verstraete W. (1998). Treatment and reuse of wastewater from the textile wet-processing industry: review of emerging technologies. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 72: 289-302.
 
[44]  Wong P, Yuen P. (1998). Decolorization and Biodegradation of N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine by Klebsiella pneumonia RS-13 and Acinetobacter liquifacienss-1. J Appl. Microbiol 85: 79.
 
[45]  Wong P. and Yuen P (1996). Decolorization and biodegradation of Methyl red by Klebsiella pneumoniae RS-13, Water Res, 30(7), 1736-1744.
 
[46]  Yan H. and Pan G (2004). Increase in biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate by Closterium lunula using inorganic carbon, Chemosphere, 55, 1281-1285.
 
[47]  Yatome, C., Ogawa, T., Koga, D. and Idaka, E. (1981). Biodegradation of Azo and triphenylmethane dyes by Pseudomonas pseudomallei. 13na. J. Society. dyers colorist.; 97: 166-169.
 
[48]  Zollinger H (1991). Colour Chemistry Synthesis Properties and Application of Organic Dyes and Pigments, VCH New York, 92-102.