International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2015, 3(1), 28-39
DOI: 10.12691/ijebb-3-1-5
Open AccessReview Article

Bioremediation, Biostimulation and Bioaugmention: A Review

Godleads Omokhagbor Adams1, , Prekeyi Tawari Fufeyin1, Samson Eruke Okoro2 and Igelenyah Ehinomen1

1Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Benin, Edo State Nigeria

2Department of Biochemistry, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

Pub. Date: March 05, 2015

Cite this paper:
Godleads Omokhagbor Adams, Prekeyi Tawari Fufeyin, Samson Eruke Okoro and Igelenyah Ehinomen. Bioremediation, Biostimulation and Bioaugmention: A Review. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2015; 3(1):28-39. doi: 10.12691/ijebb-3-1-5

Abstract

Bioremediation uses microbial metabolism in the presence of optimum environmental conditions and sufficient nutrients to breakdown contaminants notably petroleum hydrocarbons. We reviewed technologies for carrying out bioremediation and observed that biotechnological approaches that are designed to carry out remediation have received a great deal of attention in recent years. Biostimulation (meaning the addition of limiting nutrients to support microbial growth) and Bioaugmentation (meaning the addition of living cells capable of degradation) studies have enjoyed a heavy presence in literature and reviews of these technologies focusing on the technical aspects are very few if at all available. At times, nutrient application alone or augmenting with microbes is not sufficient enough for remediation leading to a simultaneous approach. Recent studies show that a combination of both approaches is equally feasible but not explicitly more beneficial. Evidently, selection of a technology hinges on site specific requirements such as availability of microorganisms capable of degradation in sufficient quantities, nutrient availability to support microbial growth and proliferation as well as environmental parameters such as temperature in combination with duration of exposure. This review focuses on these technologies and efforts are directed towards eventual manipulation of the processes of remediation all geared towards making bioremediation technically and economically viable for comprehensive treatment of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soils.

Keywords:
Bioremediation Biostimulation Bioaugmentation combined technologies

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