International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation
ISSN (Print): 2333-8628 ISSN (Online): 2333-8636 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijebb Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2014, 2(5), 231-242
DOI: 10.12691/ijebb-2-5-4
Open AccessReview Article

Effective Treatment Systems for Azo Dye Degradation: A Joint Venture between Physico-Chemical & Microbiological Process

M. Shah1,

1Industrial Waste Water Research Laboratory, Division of Applied & Environmental Microbiology, Enviro Technology Limited, GIDC, Ankleshwar-393002, Gujarat, India

Pub. Date: October 12, 2014

Cite this paper:
M. Shah. Effective Treatment Systems for Azo Dye Degradation: A Joint Venture between Physico-Chemical & Microbiological Process. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation. 2014; 2(5):231-242. doi: 10.12691/ijebb-2-5-4

Abstract

Practically most of the accepted physico-chemical and biological techniques have been explored for treatment of extremely recalcitrant dye wastewater; none, however, has emerged as a panacea. A single universally applicable end-of-pipe solution appears to be unrealistic, and combination of appropriate techniques is deemed imperative to devise technically and economically feasible options. An in-depth evaluation of wide range of potential hybrid technologies delineated in literature along with plausible analyses of available cost information has been furnished. In addition to underscoring the indispensability of hybrid technologies, this paper also endorses the inclusion of energy and water reuse plan within the treatment scheme, and accordingly proposes a conceptual hybrid dye wastewater treatment system.

Keywords:
waste water decolorization hybrid treatment systems energy and water reuse

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 3

References:

[1]  Maulin P Shah, Patel KA, Nair SS, Darji AM, Shaktisinh Maharaul. Optimization of Environmental Parameters on Decolorization of Remazol Black B Using Mixed Culture. American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2013 (1), 3, 53-56.
 
[2]  Maulin P Shah, Patel KA, Nair SS, Darji AM. Microbial Decolorization of Methyl Orange Dye by Pseudomonas spp. ETL-M. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation and Biodegradation. 2013 (1), 2, 54-59.
 
[3]  Maulin P Shah, Patel KA, Nair SS, Darji AM. Microbial Degradation and Decolorization of Reactive Orange Dye by Strain of Pseudomonas Spp. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation and Biodegradation. 2013 (1), 1, 1-5.
 
[4]  Maulin P Shah, Patel KA, Nair SS, Darji AM. An Innovative Approach to Biodegradation of Textile Dye (Remazol Black) by Bacillus spp. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation and Biodegradation. 2013 (1), 2, 43-48.
 
[5]  Maulin P Shah, Patel KA, Nair SS, Darji AM, Shaktisinh Maharaul. Microbial Degradation of Azo Dye by Pseudomonas spp. MPS-2 by an Application of Sequential Microaerophilic and Aerobic Process. American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2013 (1), 43, 105-112.
 
[6]  Maulin P Shah. Microbiological Removal of Phenol by an Application of Pseudomonas spp. ETL: An Innovative Biotechnological Approach Providing Answers to the Problems of FETP. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2014 (2), 1, 6-11.
 
[7]  Robinson T, McMullan G, Marchant R, Nigam P. Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative. Bioresour Technol 2001; 77:247-55.
 
[8]  Savin II, Butnaru R. Wastewater characteristics in textile finishing mills. Environ Eng Manage J 2008; 7:859-64.
 
[9]  Akan JC, Abdulrahman FI, Ayodele JT, Ogugbuaja VO. Impact of tannery and textile effluent on the chemical characteristics of Challawa River, Kano State Nigeria. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 2009; 3: 1933-47.
 
[10]  Kuberan T, Anburaj J, Sundaravadivelan C, Kumar P. Biodegradation of azo dye by Listeria sp. Int J Environ Sci 2011;1:1760–70.
 
[11]  Faryal R, Hameed A. Isolation and characterization of various fungal strains from textile effluent for their use in bioremediation. Pak J Bot 2005; 37:1003–8.
 
[12]  Yusuff RO, Sonibare JA. Characterization of textile industries’ effluents in Kaduna Nigeria and pollution implications. Global Nest: Int J 2004; 6: 212-21.
 
[13]  Babu BR, Parande AK, Raghu S, Kumar TP. Cotton textile processing: waste generation and effluent treatment. J Cotton Sci 2007; 11: 141-53.
 
[14]  Jin XC, Liu GQ, Xu ZH, Tao WY. Decolorization of a dye industry effluent by Aspergillus fumigatus XC6. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2007; 74: 239-43.
 
[15]  Fu F, Viraraghavan T. Fungal decolorization of dye wastewaters: a review. Bioresour Technol 2001; 79: 251-62.
 
[16]  Puvaneswari N, Muthukrishnan J, Gunasekaran P. Toxicity assessment and microbial degradation of azo dyes. Indian J Exp Biol 2006; 44:618-26.
 
[17]  Ghoreishi M, Haghighi R. Chemical catalytic reaction and biological oxidation for treatment of non-biodegradable textile effluent. Chem Eng J 2003; 95:163-9.
 
[18]  Forgacs E, Cserhati T, Oros G. Removal of synthetic dyes from wastewaters: a review. Environ Int 2004; 30: 953-71.
 
[19]  Chacko JT, Subramaniam K. Enzymatic degradation of azo dyes: a review. Int J Environ Sci 2011; 1: 1250-60.
 
[20]  Saratale RG, Saratale GD, Chang JS, Govindwar SP. Bacterial decolorization and degradation of azo dyes: a review. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 2011; 42: 138-57.
 
[21]  Gogate, P.R., Pandit, A.B. A review of imperative technologies for wastewater treatment I: oxidation technologies at ambient conditions. Advances in Environmental Research 8, 501, 2004.
 
[22]  Gogate, P.R., Pandit, A.B. A review of imperative technologies for wastewater treatment II: hybrid methods. Advances in Environmental Research 8, 553, 2004.
 
[23]  Papic, S., Koprivanac, N., Bozic, A.L., Metes, A. Removal of some reactive dyes from synthetic wastewater by combined Al(III) coagulation/carbon adsorption process. Dyes and Pigments 62, 291, 2004.
 
[24]  Arslan-Alaton, I. A review of the effects of dye-assisting chemicals on advanced oxidation of reactive dyes in wastewater. Coloration Technology 119, 345, 2003.
 
[25]  Muruganandham, M., Swaminathan, M. Photochemical oxidation of reactive azo dye with UV–H2O2 process. Dyes and Pigments 62, 269, 2004.
 
[26]  Neamtu, M., Siminiceanu, I., Yediler, A. and Kettrup, A. Kinetics of decolorization and mineralization of reactive azo dyes in aqueous solution by the UV/H2O2 oxidation. Dyes and Pigments 53, 93, 2002.
 
[27]  Shu, H.Y., Huang, C.R. Degradation of commercial azo dyes in water using ozonation and UV enhanced ozonation process. Chemosphere 31, 3813, 1995.
 
[28]  Shu, H.Y., Chang, M.C. Decolorization effects of six azo dyes by O3, UV/O3 and UV/H2O2 processes. Dyes and Pigments 65, 25, 2005.
 
[29]  Sarria, V., Deront, M., Péringer, P., Pulgarin, C. Degradation of a biorecalcitrant dye precursor present in industrial wastewaters by a new integrated iron (III) photoassisted– biological treatment. Applied Catalysis B: Env. 40, 231, 2003.
 
[30]  Gogate, P.R., Pandit, A.B. A review of imperative technologies for wastewater treatment II: hybrid methods. Advances in Environmental Research 8, 553, 2004.
 
[31]  Chen, Y.H., Chang, C.Y., Huang, S.F., Chiu, C.Y., Ji, D., Shang, N.C., Yu, Y.H., Chiang, P.C., Ku, Y., and Chen, J.N. Decomposition of 2-naphthalenesulfonate in aqueous solution by ozonation with UV radiation. Water Research 36, 4144, 2002.
 
[32]  Shu, H.Y., Huang, C.R. Degradation of commercial azo dyes in water using ozonation and UV enhanced ozonation process. Chemosphere 31, 3813, 1995.
 
[33]  Cisneros, R.L., Espinoza, A. G., Litter, M.I. Photodegradation of an azo dye of the textile industry. Chemosphere 48, 393, 2002.
 
[34]  Aleboyeh, A., Aleboyeh, H., Moussa, Y. "Critical" effect of hydrogen peroxide in photochemical oxidative decolorization of dyes: Acid Orange 8, Acid Blue 74 and Methyl Orange. Dyes and Pigments 57, 67, 2003.
 
[35]  Neamtu, M., Siminiceanu, I., Yediler, A. and Kettrup, A. Kinetics of decolorization and mineralization of reactive azo dyes in aqueous solution by the UV/H2O2 oxidation. Dyes and Pigments 53, 93, 2002.
 
[36]  Muruganandham, M., Swaminathan, M. Photochemical oxidation of reactive azo dye with UV–H2O2 process. Dyes and Pigments 62, 269, 2004.
 
[37]  Arslan, I., Balcioglu, I.A. Advanced oxidation of raw and biotreated textile industry wastewater with O3, H2O2 /UV-C and their sequential application. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 76, 53, 2001.
 
[38]  Azbar, N., Yonar, T., Kestioglu, K. Comparison of various advanced oxidation processes and chemical treatment methods for COD and color removal from a polyester and acetate fiber dyeing effluent. Chemosphere 55, 35, 2004.
 
[39]  Arslan, I. Treatability of a simulated disperse dye-bath by ferrous iron coagulation, ozonation, and ferrous iron-catalyzed ozonation. J. Hazardous Materials B85, 229, 2001.
 
[40]  Neamtu, M., Yediler, A., Siminiceanu, I., Macoveanu, M., and Antonius Kettrup, A. Decolorization of disperse red 354 azo dye in water by several oxidation processes- a comparative study. Dyes and Pigments 60, 61, 2004.
 
[41]  Xu, Y. Comparative studies of the Fe3+/2+ -UV, H2O2-UV, TiO2-UV/vis systems for the decolorization of a textile dye X-3B in water. Chemosphere 43, 1103, 2001.
 
[42]  Bandara, J., Morrison, C., Kiwi, J., Pulgarin, C., Peringer, P. (1996) Degradation/decoloration of concentrated solutions of Orange II. Kinetics and quantum yield for sunlight induced reactions via Fenton type reagents. J.Photochem. Photobio. A:Chem. 99, 57, 1996.
 
[43]  Torrades, F., García-Montaño, J., García-Hortal, J.A., Domènech, X. and Peral, J. Decolorization and mineralization of commercial reactive dyes under solar light assisted photo-Fenton conditions. Solar Energy 77, 573, 2004.
 
[44]  Verma, P., Shah, V., Baldrian, P., Gabriel, J., Stopka, P., Trnka, T. and Nerud, F. Decolorization of synthetic dyes using a copper complex with glucaric acid. Chemosphere 54, 291, 2004.
 
[45]  Moraes, S.G., Freire, R.S., and Durán, N. Degradation and toxicity reduction of textile effluent by combined photocatalytic and ozonation processes. Chemosphere 40, 369, 2002.
 
[46]  Poulios, I., Micropoulou, E., Panou, R. and Kostopoulou, E. Photooxidation of eosin Y in the presence of semiconducting oxides. Applied Catalysis B 41, 345, 2003.
 
[47]  Chen, H., Jin, X., Zhu, K. and Yang, R. Photocatalytic oxidative degradation of acridine orange in aqueous solution with polymeric metalloporphyrins. Water Research 36, 4106, 2002.
 
[48]  Sugiarto, A.T., Ohshima, T. and Sato, M. Advanced oxidation processes using pulsed streamer corona discharge in water. Thin solid films 407,174, 2002.
 
[49]  An, T-C., Zhu, X-H., Xiong, Y. Feasibility study of photoelectrochemical degradation of methylene blue with three-dimensional electrode-photocatalytic reactor. Chemosphere 46, 897, 2002.
 
[50]  Horikoshi, S., Hidaka, H. and Serpone, N. Environmental Remediation by an Integrated Microwave/UV-Illumination Method. 1. Microwave-Assisted Degradation of Rhodamine-B Dye in Aqueous TiO2 Dispersions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36, 1357, 2002.
 
[51]  Zhang, W., An, T., Xiao, X., Fu, J., Sheng, G., Cui, M. and Li, G. Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of reactive brilliant orange K-R in a new continuous flow photoelectrocatalytic reactor. Catalysis A: General 255, 221, 2003.
 
[52]  Kusvuran, E., Gulnaz, O., Irmak, S., Atanur, O.M., Yavuz, H.I. and Erbatur, O. Comparison of several advanced oxidation processes for the decolorization of Reactive Red 120 azo dye in aqueous solution. J. Hazardous Materials B 109, 85, 2004.
 
[53]  Ge, J., Qu, J. Degradation of azo dye acid red B on manganese dioxide in the absence and presence of ultrasonic irradiation. Journal of Hazardous Materials 100, 197, 2003.
 
[54]  Joseph, J.M., Destaillats, H., Hung, H-M. and Hoffmann, M.R. The Sonochemical Degradation of Azobenzene and Related Azo Dyes: Rate Enhancements via Fenton's Reactions. J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 301, 2000.
 
[55]  Chen, G. Electrochemical technologies in wastewater treatment. Separation and Purification Technology 38(1), 11, 2004.
 
[56]  Destaillats, H., Colussi, A. J., Joseph, J.M. and Hoffmann, M.R. Synergistic Effects of Sonolysis Combined with Ozonolysis for the Oxidation of Azobenzene and Methyl Orange. J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 8930, 2000.
 
[57]  Tezcanli-Güyer, G. and N. H. Ince, N.H. Individual and combined effects of ultrasound, ozone and UV irradiation: a case study with textile dyes. Ultrasonics 42, 603, 2004.
 
[58]  Leitner, N.K.V., Bras, E.L., Foucault, E., Bousgarbiès, J.-L. A new photochemical reactor design for the treatment of absorbing solutions. Wat. Sci. Tech. 35(4), 215, 1997.
 
[59]  Harbel, R., Urban, W., Gehringer, P., Szinovatz, W. Treatment of pulp-bleaching effluents by activated sludge, precipitation, ozonation and irradiation. Wat. Sci. Tech. 24, 229, 1991.
 
[60]  Solpan, D., Güven, O. Decoloration and degradation of some textile dyes by gamma irradiation. Rad. Phy. Chem. 65, 549, 2002.
 
[61]  Matthews, R.W., McEvoy, S.R. A comparison of 254 nm and 350 nm excitation of TiO2 in simple photocatalytic reactors. J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 66, 355, 1992.
 
[62]  Kopf, P., Gilbert, E. and Eberle, S.G. TiO2 photocatalytic oxidation of monochloroacetic acid and pyridine: influence of ozone. J. Photochem. Photobio. A:chem. 136, 163, 2000.
 
[63]  Shah, V., Verma, P., Stopka, P., Gabriel, J., Baldrian, P. and Nerud, F. Decolorization of dyes with copper (II)/organic acid/hydrogen peroxide systems. Applied Catalysis B:Environmental 46, 287, 2003.
 
[64]  Swaminathan, K., Sandhya, S., Sophia, A.S., Pachhade, K. and Subrahmanyam, Y.V. Decolorization and degradation of H-acid and other dyes using ferrous–hydrogen peroxide system. Chemosphere 50, 619, 2003.
 
[65]  Bertanza, G., Collivignarelli, C. and Pedrazzani, R. The role of chemical oxidation in combined chemical-physical and biological processes: experiences of industrial wastewater treatment. Wat. sci. Tech. 44-5,109, 2001.
 
[66]  Verma, P., Baldrian, P., Nerud, F. Decolorization of structurally different synthetic dyes using cobalt(II)/ascorbic acid/hydrogen peroxide system. Chemosphere 50, 975, 2003.
 
[67]  Chen, H., Jin, X., Zhu, K. and Yang, R. Photocatalytic oxidative degradation of acridine orange in aqueous solution with polymeric metalloporphyrins. Water Research 36, 4106, 2002.
 
[68]  Guivarch, E., Trevin, S., Lahitte, C. and Oturan, M.A. Degradation of azo dyes in water by Electro-Fenton process. Environ. Chem. Lett. 1, 38, 2003.
 
[69]  Neyens, E. and Baeyens, J. A review of classic Fenton’s peroxidation as an advanced oxidation technique. J. Hazardous Materials B98, 33, 2003.
 
[70]  Mrowetz, M., Pirola, C. and Selli, E. Degradation of organic water pollutants through sonophotocatalysis in the presence of TiO2.Ultrasonics sonochemistry 10, 247, 2003.
 
[71]  Stock, N.L., Peller, J., Vinodgopal, K. and Kamat, P.V. Combinative Sonolysis and Photocatalysis for Textile Dye Degradation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 1747, 2000.
 
[72]  Kim, T-H., Park, C., Yang, J. and Kim, S. Comparison of disperse and reactive dye removals by chemical coagulation and Fenton oxidation. J. Hazardous Materials B112, 95, 2004.
 
[73]  Naim, M.M. and Abd, Y.M.E. Removal and recovery of dyestuffs from dyeing wastewaters. Separation and Purification Methods 31(1), 171, 2002.
 
[74]  Hu, H. Yang, M. and Dang, J. Treatment of strong acid dye wastewater by solvent extraction. Separation and Purification Technology 42, 129, 2005.
 
[75]  Muthuraman, G. and Palanivelu, K. Selective extraction and separation of textile anionic dyes from aqueous solution by tetrabutyl ammonium bromide. Dyes and pigments 64, 251, 2005.
 
[76]  Koyuncu, I., Topacik, D.and Yuksel, E. Reuse of reactive dyehouse wastewater by nanofiltration: process water quality and economical implications. Separation and purification Technology 36, 77, 2004.
 
[77]  Bes-Piá, A., Mendoza-Roca, J.A., Alcaina-Miranda, M.I., Iborra-Clar, A. and Iborra-Clar, M.I. Reuse of wastewater of the textile industry after its treatment with a combination of physico-chemical treatment and membrane technologies. Desalination 149, 169, 2002.
 
[78]  Bes-Piá, A., Mendoza-Roca, J.A., Alcaina-Miranda, M.I., Iborra-Clar, A. and Iborra-Clar, M.I. Combination of physico-chemical treatment and nanofiltration to reuse wastewater of a printing, dyeing and finishing textile industry. Desalination 157, 73, 2003.
 
[79]  Dulkadiroglu, H., Dogruel, S., Okutman, D., Kabdasli, I., Sozen, S. and Orhon, D. Effect of chemical treatment on soluble residual COD in textile wastewaters. Wat. sci. Tech. 45-12, 251-259, 2002.
 
[80]  Zaoyan, Y., Ke, S., Guangliang, S., Fan, Y., Jinshan, D. and Huanian, M. Anaeroicaerobic treatment of a dye wastewater by combination of RBC with activated sludge. Wat. Sci. Tech. 26 (9-11), 2093, 1992.
 
[81]  Panswad, T., Techovanich, A. and Anotai, J. Comparison of dye wastewater treatment by normal and anoxic+anaerobic/aerobic SBR activated sludge processes. Wat. sci. Tech. 43(2), 355, 2001.
 
[82]  Lin, S.H. and Lin, C.M. Treatment of Textile waste effluents by ozonation and chemical coagulation. Wat. Res. 27, 1743, 1993.
 
[83]  Mantzavinos, D. and Psillakis, E. Enhancement of biodegradability of industrial wastewaters by chemical oxidation pre-treatment. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 79, 431, 2004.
 
[84]  Hörsch, P., Speck, A. and Frimmel, F.H. Combined advanced oxidation and biodegradation of industrial effluents from the production of stilbene-based fluorescent whitening agents. Wat. Res. 37, 2748, 2003.
 
[85]  Visvanathan, C., Ben Aim, R., and Parameshwaran, R. Membrane separation Bioreactors for wastewater treatment. Crit. Reviews. Env. Science. Tech. 30(1), 1, 2000.
 
[86]  Ohnishi, M., Okuno, Y. and Ohkuma, N. Decoloration system using rotating membrane UF module. Wat. sci. Tech. 38(6), 35, 1998.
 
[87]  Schoeberl, P., Brik, M., Braun, R. and Fuchs, W. Treatment and recycling of textile wastewater-case study and development of a recycling concept. Desalination 171, 173, 2004.
 
[88]  Moreira, M.T., Palma, C., Feijoo, G. and Lema, J.M. Strategies for the continuous production of ligninolytic enzymes in fixed and fluidised bed bioreactors. Journal of biotechnology 66, 27, 1998.