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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research

ISSN (Print): 2333-1135

ISSN (Online): 2333-1259


Content: Volume 2, Issue 1


A Newly Prepared Solution for the Removal of the Smear Layer

1Department of Conservative Dentistry College of Dentistry University of Mosul

2Department of Basic Science, College of Dentistry University of Mosul

3Collage of engineering Materials Science and engineering Department, Iowa State University, USA

4Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz Univesity, Saudi Arabia

5Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Dental Caries Research Chair, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014, 2(1), 19-26
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-6
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Nawfal A. A. Zakarea, Talal H. Mohamad, Amer A. Taqa, Scott Chumbley, Salih Al-Juaid, Hanan Balto. A Newly Prepared Solution for the Removal of the Smear Layer. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014; 2(1):19-26. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-6.

Correspondence to: Amer  A. Taqa, Department of Basic Science, College of Dentistry University of Mosul. Email:


Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of a mixture of (castor detergent and papain enzyme) MCP to remove the smear layer by using scanning electron microscope. Materials and Methods: Samples of 45 human extracted was divided in to 3 groups (A, B, and C) n = 15 and prepared endodontically using pro taper system up to size F 3, each group was irrigated with corresponding solution 3 ml in between each file size and 5 minutes as a final irrigant as following: Group A irrigated with distilled water (control negative). Group B irrigated with 2.5% (Sodium hypo chloride) NaOCL and 17% (Ethylene di amine tetra acetic acid) EDTA (control positive). Group C irrigated with 20% castor detergent and 4% papain enzyme as a mixture (MCP). Each sample was irrigated with 15 ml of distilled water and dried with paper points. The samples were sent for SEM photograph. Each sample was evaluated at three levels (apical, middle, and cervical part of the canal) Results: MCP solution showed partial removal of both organic and inorganic parts (dual action) of smear layer from the 3 levels of root canals, but the apical one was significantly less clean than the other two, also it has a more gentle effect of erosion than EDTA with NaOCl. EDTA with NaOCl has the ability to remove the smear layer completely from the canal, but still the apical third was significantly less clean than that of other two. It is impossible to remove the smear layer completely by NaOCl and EDTA without erosion of the inner surface of irrigated canal when EDTA was used as a final irrigant for 5 minutes. Conclusion: solution had the ability to remove the smear layer partially at the three levels of a root canal without dentin erosion. While EDTA had the ability to remove the smear layer completely at the three levels of canal with obvious dentinal erosion. Still the apical area has mechanical and anatomical limitation in root canal irrigation.



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The Role of Antibiotics in Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis

1Research Scholar in Medical Microbiology, Bharath University, Chennai, India

2Department of Periodontics, Penang International Dental College, Penang, Malaysia

3Department of Pharmacology, Sree Balaji Dental College, Chennai, India

International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014, 2(1), 16-18
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-5
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Priyavadhana Prabhu, M.N. Prabhu, M. Elumalai. The Role of Antibiotics in Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014; 2(1):16-18. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-5.

Correspondence to: Priyavadhana  Prabhu, Research Scholar in Medical Microbiology, Bharath University, Chennai, India. Email:


Systemic antibiotics may be a necessary adjunct in controlling bacterial infection because bacteria can invade periodontal tissues, making mechanical therapy alone sometimes ineffective. An ideal antibiotic for use in prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases should be specific for periodontal pathogens, allogenic and nontoxic, substantive, not in general use for treatment of other diseases, and inexpensive . Combination of antibiotics may be necessary to eliminate all putative pathogens from some periodontal pockets. The guidelines for use, structure and origin, mechanisms of action of antibiotics are discussed in this paper. Also the recommended antibiotic dosages in Periodontal therapy is reviewed in this paper.



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Postoperative Wound Infiltration with Local Anaesthetic after Enucleation of a Large Periapical Cystic Lesion: A Case Report

1Penang International Dental College

2Maulana Azad Institute of dental sciences

International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014, 2(1), 12-15
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-4
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ramanathan Ravi, Ambica Kathuria, Rakesh Sharma. Postoperative Wound Infiltration with Local Anaesthetic after Enucleation of a Large Periapical Cystic Lesion: A Case Report. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014; 2(1):12-15. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-4.

Correspondence to: Rakesh  Sharma, Maulana Azad Institute of dental sciences. Email:


The periapical cyst arises from epithelial remnants stimulated to proliferate by an inflammatory process originating from pulpal necrosis of a non-vital tooth. This condition is usually asymptomatic but if the cyst does become large, symptoms such as swelling may be observed. Although small cystic lesions will typically heal with nonsurgical endodontic therapy, larger lesions may need surgical intervention. Effective postoperative analgesia is important in surgical enucleation of large periapical cysts from the patient’s viewpoint and can also improve clinical results. Pain free postoperative healing is desired by every patient. Wound infiltration with local anaesthetics is a simple, effective and inexpensive means of providing good analgesia for a variety of surgical procedures without any major side-effects. Continuous local anaesthetic infusion of a surgical wound using a catheter can provide a longer duration of analgesia.



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Management of Unhealing Ulcers on Bilateral Borders of the Tongue

1Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Almajmmah University, Alzulfi, Saudi Arabia

2Department of Restorative Dentistry, university of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014, 2(1), 9-11
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Asaad Javaid Mirza, Musa Khalil Alfadaleh, Maaz Asad. Management of Unhealing Ulcers on Bilateral Borders of the Tongue. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014; 2(1):9-11. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-3.

Correspondence to: Asaad  Javaid Mirza, Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Almajmmah University, Alzulfi, Saudi Arabia. Email:


Presence of long standing unhealing ulcer in an oral cavity, not only makes eating and chewing difficult but puts the patient under tremendous mental stress leading to cancer phobia. This case report describes management of unusual occurrence of bilateral unhealing ulcers on the tongue of a young lady. The ulcers developed after insertion of fixed partial dentures four year ago. Despite visiting many physicians, dentists and an ENT specialist, she didn’t find the relief. Due to long illness, she has become very irritable, anxious and uncooperative. It was therefore, necessary to treat her in a logical order that her confidence in us is not lost. First of all, to reduce her anxiety, she was put on 0.25 mg Alprazolam tablets which also helped her in sleeping at night. Repair or replacement of her previously deteriorated intracoronal restorations was performed next. Finding no relief with this, a bridge present on right side was removed first. It reduced redness in the ulcer on right side of tongue. The other bridges present on left side were also removed. The ulcers had become less painful and stopped progressing but not found healing. Biopsy of the lesion was done which reported as “Pseudoepithliomatous Hyperplasia”. An oral surgeon was requested to excise the lesion. After excision, both the ulcers healed within two weeks.



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Combined Orthodontic and Surgical Management of a Skeletal Class III Malocclusion with Mild Asymmetry–a Non Extraction Approach

1Department of Orthodontics, Madha Dental College, Chennai, India

2Department of Orthodontics, Penang International Dental College, Malaysia

International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014, 2(1), 5-8
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Anila Charles, Shivaram Subbiah, Senkutvan R.S. Combined Orthodontic and Surgical Management of a Skeletal Class III Malocclusion with Mild Asymmetry–a Non Extraction Approach. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014; 2(1):5-8. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-2.

Correspondence to: Anila  Charles, Department of Orthodontics, Madha Dental College, Chennai, India. Email:


Severe orthodontic problem that could neither be treated with growth modification or camouflage often requires combined surgical and orthodontic treatment. As the envelope of discrepancy indicate the limitation in orthodontics a multidisciplinary approach is mandatory while treating a skeletal Class III malocclusion in adults. This case reports describes the management of a 22 year old female patient with skeletal class III malocclusion and mild facial asymmetry treated with a non extraction approach, Decompensation was done before surgery followed by a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy. In reviewing the patient, the goals set at the beginning of treatment were successfully achieved, providing the patient with adequate masticatory function and pleasant facial esthetics.



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Treatment of Gingival Recession Using Coronally Advanced Flap – Case Reports

1Division of periodontics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India

2Division of periodontics, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India

International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014, 2(1), 1-4
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-1
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
J. Kavitha, M. Navarasu, Venkata Srikanth. Treatment of Gingival Recession Using Coronally Advanced Flap – Case Reports. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014; 2(1):1-4. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-1-1.

Correspondence to: J.  Kavitha, Division of periodontics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India. Email:


One of the most common esthetic concern associated with the periodontal tissues is gingival recession. Gingival recession is the exposure of root surfaces due to apical migration of the gingival tissue margins; gingival margin migrates apical to the cementoenamel junction. Although it rarely results in tooth loss, marginal tissue recession is associated with thermal and tactile sensitivity, esthetic complaints, and a tendency toward root caries. This paper views the etiology, consequences, and the available surgical procedures for the coverage of exposed root surfaces, including two case reports.



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