International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1135 ISSN (Online): 2333-1259 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijdsr Editor-in-chief: Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2015, 3(6), 137-143
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-3-6-3
Open AccessSpecial Issue

Assessment of Patient Perception, Healing Outcomes and Gained Vestibular Depth of Er: Yag Laser Versus Conventional Surgical Mandibular Vestibuloplasty

Mohamed Y. Abdelfattah1, 2, , Haytham Moharam3, Mohamed Fahmi4 and Ahmed Kossar5

1Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Egypt

2Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Taif University, KSA

3Laser Dentistry, National Institute of Laser Sciences, Cairo University, Egypt

4Restorative Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Taif University, Taif. KSA

5Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Taif University, Taif. KSA

Pub. Date: October 29, 2015

Cite this paper:
Mohamed Y. Abdelfattah, Haytham Moharam, Mohamed Fahmi and Ahmed Kossar. Assessment of Patient Perception, Healing Outcomes and Gained Vestibular Depth of Er: Yag Laser Versus Conventional Surgical Mandibular Vestibuloplasty. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2015; 3(6):137-143. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-3-6-3

Abstract

Background: Insufficient sulcular depth dramatically affects denture retention and stability. Preprosthetic sulcular deepening could be carried out either with lasers, conventional surgeries or, electrocautery to afford the required sulcular length. Purpose: compare pain, discomfort, wound healing results and gained vestibular depth of Er: YAG laser and the conventional surgical vestibuloplasty techniques. Materials and Methods: 18 patients who suffered from severely atrophic mandibular ridge were randomly allocated to go through vestibuloplasty either by laser (L) or conventional surgery (S). Visual analysis scale (VAS) of pain and discomfort used to assess pain and discomfort along the 1st. 3rd. 7th. days and three pointer scale for healing to assess healing process at the 1st. 3rd. 7th. and 21st. day. The gained vestibular depth was measured immediately after surgery, one month, 3 and six months postoperatively. The obtained data were investigated for intergroup and intragroup comparison using an independent t-test and a student paired t-test and Friedman tests. Results: VAS scores of pain and discomfort within the laser group in the 1st, 3rd and the 7th days exhibited a significant difference (p<0.05). Laser group patients exhibit lower pain and discomfort scores in comparison with conventional surgical patients. The 1st, 3rd and the 7th days results of the 3-pointer scale exposed better wound healing scores in the laser group compared to the conventional surgical group. The gained ridge height of the mandible in laser group was more stable without rebound on the 1st. 3rd. and 6th. months compared to the conventional surgical group. Conclusion: Er: Yag laser vestibuloplasty has better patient’s perception, healing outcomes and improvement of the vestibular depth than conventional surgical vestibuloplasty.

Keywords:
conventional surgical vestibuloplasty laser preprosthetic surgery

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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