International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1135 ISSN (Online): 2333-1259 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijdsr Editor-in-chief: Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2018, 6(2), 48-52
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-6-2-6
Open AccessArticle

The Correlation between Peri-implant Bone Density and the Biological Implant Stability: A Two Years Follow-up

Walid S. Salem1, 2, Mohamed R. Mahmoud3, Wael M. Zakaria3, and Yasser A. Araby3

1Department Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Beni Suef University, Egypt

2Department Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Science, Prince Sattam bin Abdul Aziz University, Saudi Arabia

3Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: March 19, 2018

Cite this paper:
Walid S. Salem, Mohamed R. Mahmoud, Wael M. Zakaria and Yasser A. Araby. The Correlation between Peri-implant Bone Density and the Biological Implant Stability: A Two Years Follow-up. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2018; 6(2):48-52. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-6-2-6

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between the peri-implant bone density and the biological stability around dental implants. Materials and Methods: A total of 56 implants were placed in the mandibular canine area of 28 patients to retain mandibular overdentures. The assessment of bone density changes was obtained through Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) and the assessment of implant stability was obtained through Resonance Frequency Analysis (RFA) at loading time, and after 6, 12, 24 months. Results: RFA measurement showed a mean of 67.5± 5.8 ISQ at loading time and a mean of 71.3±5.5 ISQ after 24 months. Bone density around the implants showed a mean of 683.48±78.63 HU at loading time, and a mean of 722.24±58.4 HU after 24 months. These increases were statistically significant (p˂0.05). Conclusion: The biological implant stability as measured using the Resonance Frequency Analysis (RFA) and the peri-implant bone density as measured using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) showed a significant moderate positive correlation.

Keywords:
biological stability bone density resonance frequency analysis cone beam computed tomography

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