International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1135 ISSN (Online): 2333-1259 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijdsr Editor-in-chief: Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2018, 6(2), 29-32
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-6-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Caries Prevalence and Its Association with Body Mass Index in Children Aged 4 to 10 Years in Al Dulaymiah Qassim Region of Saudi Arabia – A Pilot Study

Mohammed Ali Habibullah1, , Zeyad Alsughier2, Mohamed S. Elsherbini2 and Ramy A Elmoazen3

1Department of Public Health, Pedodontics & Orthodontics, Alrass Dental College, Qassim University Saudi Arabia

2Department of Orthodontics & Pediatric Dentistry, College Of Dentistry, Qassim University Saudi Arabia

3Department of Community Dentistry, College Of Dentistry, Qassim University Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: February 28, 2018

Cite this paper:
Mohammed Ali Habibullah, Zeyad Alsughier, Mohamed S. Elsherbini and Ramy A Elmoazen. Caries Prevalence and Its Association with Body Mass Index in Children Aged 4 to 10 Years in Al Dulaymiah Qassim Region of Saudi Arabia – A Pilot Study. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2018; 6(2):29-32. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-6-2-2

Abstract

Introduction - Dental caries is a commonly encountered disease of childhood. It is a multifactorial disease and consumption of fermentable carbohydrates is one of causes for caries. Ingestion of excessive amounts of refined carbohydrates is also associated with obesity. Aims - The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of dental caries and its association with Body Mass Index (B.M.I) in Al Dulaymiah. Subjects and methods - The study consisted of 2 parts. In the first part, the socio demographic details were recorded. The second part consisted of the clinical dental examination and height and weight measurements. Dental caries was recorded as per World Health Organization criteria using the WHO Oral health form 1997. The weight was measured using a digital weighing scale nearest to 0.1 kg while the children wore light clothing and no shoes. The height was measured to the nearest full centimeter using a stadiometre while the children were in standing position. BMI was calculated by dividing the kilogram by height squared (kg/m2). Results- The highest percentages of caries were found among the underweight and overweight males (93.1 % and 85% respectively) with statistically significant difference from females who showed 73% caries in underweight females while no caries where detected among the overweight females. Considering the Odds Ratio the underweight children are more likely to have caries than the normal and overweight children in our study.

Keywords:
body mass index dental caries obesity

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