International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1135 ISSN (Online): 2333-1259 Website: Editor-in-chief: Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2018, 6(2), 25-28
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-6-2-1
Open AccessReview Article

Anti-microbial Photo Dynamic Therapy (aPDT) in Endodontics: A Literature Review

Muhammad Zubair Ahmad1,

1Assistant Professor, Restorative Dental Sciences Department, Alrass Dental College, Qassim University, Buraydha, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: February 11, 2018

Cite this paper:
Muhammad Zubair Ahmad. Anti-microbial Photo Dynamic Therapy (aPDT) in Endodontics: A Literature Review. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2018; 6(2):25-28. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-6-2-1


Elimination of root canal pathogens is one of the main objectives for successful outcome of root canal treatment. Conventional chemo-mechanical debridement is not always successful in removing all bacteria. Adjunctive use of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) can be a used as a practical approach for successful elimination of all these bacteria. The aim of this review was to assess scientific literature that used various photosensitizers for bacterial reduction using aPDT methods. A search of the PubMed and Cochrane data bases using appropriate terms and keywords related to antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in endodontic disinfection was conducted. A hand search also was conducted in the preceding 5 years of several journals. Full texts of the selected articles were obtained and analyzed. A total of 177 articles published were identified at first stage of data extraction. After final screening, 41 articles were included in this review. This review summarizes the usage principles of aPDT and outlines the applications of aPDT in root canal disinfection procedures. It was concluded that aPDT should be used in conjunction with the conventional chemo mechanical debridement and disinfection of root canal system. It is critical to note that selection of photosensitizer dye, its correct delivery within the prepared root canal system, laser application with correct type of tips are predictors for successful outcome of this protocol of root canal disinfection.

Root canal disinfection photodynamic therapy E-faecalis

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