International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1135 ISSN (Online): 2333-1259 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijdsr Editor-in-chief: Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2017, 5(6), 137-140
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-5-6-1
Open AccessArticle

Study of the Prevalence of Dental Caries and Malocclusion in a Population of Primary School Pupils in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Wendpoulomdé AD Kaboré1, , Youssouf Ouédraogo1, Carole Nathalie Ténin Ouédraogo2, Raoul Bationo1, Diouma Ndiaye3, Anta Seck3 and Fatou Leye-Benoist3

1Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (UFR/SDS), Université Ouaga I Professeur Joseph Ki-Zerbo, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso

2Hôpital de District de Bogodogo, District Sanitaire de Bogodogo, 05 BP: 6150 Ouagadougou 05, Burkina Faso

3Service d’Odontologie Conservatrice-Endodontie, Université Cheikh Anta Diop-Dakar. BP 5005 Dakar-Liberté, Senegal

Pub. Date: December 23, 2017

Cite this paper:
Wendpoulomdé AD Kaboré, Youssouf Ouédraogo, Carole Nathalie Ténin Ouédraogo, Raoul Bationo, Diouma Ndiaye, Anta Seck and Fatou Leye-Benoist. Study of the Prevalence of Dental Caries and Malocclusion in a Population of Primary School Pupils in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2017; 5(6):137-140. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-5-6-1

Abstract

Introduction: In order to improve the prevention and treatment of caries as well as to increase knowledge regarding malocclusions in Burkina Faso, a prospective study was undertaken of the prevalence of dental caries and malocclusions in pupils at the Bilbalogho A public primary school in the town of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. Materials and Methods: The studied population comprised all of the pupils enrolled at the Bilbalogho A public primary school who were physically present at the school at time of the survey. The recorded variables were age, gender, the presence of tartar or bacterial plaque, the presence of a malocclusion, the extent of the tooth decay, the topography of the carious lesions, as well as the indicated therapeutics. Results: A total of 313 pupils were examined. The prevalence of caries was 60.1%. The level of oral and dental hygiene was poor and buildup of tartar was found in 82.7% of the pupils. Angle class I malocclusions were the most common (66.8%). There was a clear need for orthodontic care in 8%. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental caries and malocclusions at this school in the capital was quite high. Recourse to treatment was quite low for this population. For many of the pupils the reported lesions were quite advanced, thus underscoring the need for greater awareness of oral and dental care as well as systematic routine dental consultations.

Keywords:
dental caries malocclusion prevalence therapeutic burkina faso

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