International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1135 ISSN (Online): 2333-1259 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijdsr Editor-in-chief: Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014, 2(6), 175-178
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-6-14
Open AccessCase Report

Ectodermal Dysplasia – A Case Study of Two Identical Sibilings

D. Ayesha Thabusum1, , N. Rajesh2, R. Sudhakara reddy2 and T. Ramesh2

1Department of oral medicine and radiology, Drs.Sudha & Nageswara rao Siddhartha institute of Dental sciences, Gannavaram

2Department of oral medicine and radiology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram

Pub. Date: December 07, 2014

Cite this paper:
D. Ayesha Thabusum, N. Rajesh, R. Sudhakara reddy and T. Ramesh. Ectodermal Dysplasia – A Case Study of Two Identical Sibilings. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2014; 2(6):175-178. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-6-14

Abstract

The Ectodermal Dysplasia comprises a large, heterogeneous group of inherited disorders that are defined by primary defects in the development of two or more tissues derived from embryonic ectoderm. The tissues primarily involved are the skin, hair, nails, eccrine glands and teeth. The X-linked recessive ED (Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome) is the most common disorder; it affects males and is inherited through female carriers. It is characterized by the triad of signs comprising sparse hair (atrichosis or hypotrichosis), abnormal or missing teeth (anodontia or hypodontia) and inability to sweat due to lack of sweat glands (anhidrosis or hypohidrosis). The lack of teeth and the special appearance were reported to be major concerns. Two case reports illustrating the typical features of anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia have been presented. Since there is no definitive treatment for the disease, an early prompt diagnosis and a multidisciplinary approach in planning a treatment can improve the quality of life of the patient.

Keywords:
Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome hypotrichosis hypodontia hypohidrosis

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