International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1135 ISSN (Online): 2333-1259 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijdsr Editor-in-chief: Marcos Roberto Tovani Palone
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International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2013, 1(3), 56-59
DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-1-3-4
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Scanning Microradiography: Measurement of X-ray Attenuation Coefficient of Fissure Sealants Containing Tin Methacryloxytri-n-butyltin (SnM) as Radio-opaquer

Aftab Ahmed Khan1, , Asaad Javaid Mirza2, Adel Zia Siddiqui3 and Maaz Asaad4

1Assistant Professor Dental Materials Sciences, Muhammad Bin Qasim Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan

2Professsor Operative Dentistry, Al-Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

3Assistant Professor Dental Materials Sciences, Baqai Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan

4Postgraduate Student

Pub. Date: December 10, 2013

Cite this paper:
Aftab Ahmed Khan, Asaad Javaid Mirza, Adel Zia Siddiqui and Maaz Asaad. Scanning Microradiography: Measurement of X-ray Attenuation Coefficient of Fissure Sealants Containing Tin Methacryloxytri-n-butyltin (SnM) as Radio-opaquer. International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research. 2013; 1(3):56-59. doi: 10.12691/ijdsr-1-3-4

Abstract

Objective: Radio-opacity is a fundamental requirement for fissure sealants in order to be clearly visible radiographicallyand may be well differentiated from caries. Many attempts have been made to make resin based fissure sealants radio-opaque. Researchers achieved radio-opacity of the sealants by blending heavy metals as fillers into the polymeric matrix. Keeping the demerits of using heavy metals in view, a novel fissure sealant was developed by chemically incorporating Tin (Sn) in monomer of methacrylate. This study has been done to assess under scanning micro-radiography (SMR), the radiopacity of the indigenously prepared fissure sealants containing increasing amount of SnM until the consistency of the mix remains workable and clinically useful. Design: Experimental study. Place of study: Biophysical Lab Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom. Methodology: An organo-tin compound – Methacryloxytri-n-butyltin (SnM) and Ethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate (EGDMA) in varying quantities were mixed to prepare fissure sealant indigenously. Camphorquinone (CQ) and N, N-Dimethyl-P-Toluidine (DMPT) were added to above mixture. The prepared sealants were polymerized in cuvettes and mounted on Scanning microradiography machine. The machine was run for 100 seconds repeatedly for 60 runs. Obtained results were processed and calculated in Microsoft Excel software. Results: It was observed that increasing the weight of Tin (Sn) content in a sealant increases the radio-opacity of the sealant but SnM more than 9.5 gm renders the material unworkable. Conclusion: This study will not only help in enhancing the radio-opacity of fissure sealants but also the radio-opacity of other clinical composite materials maybe enhanced by this method.

Keywords:
linear attenuation coefficient tin methacrylate radio-opacity of fissure sealant

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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