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International Journal of Clinical Nutrition

ISSN (Print): 2376-1385

ISSN (Online): 2376-1393


Content: Volume 2, Issue 2


Azadirachta Indica Leaves as Antibacterial Treatment on Drinking Water

1Department of Chemical Engineering, KIT Jamnagar (Gujarat), India (SW), Ethiopia

International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014, 2(2), 36-40
DOI: 10.12691/ijcn-2-2-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Jigar Joshi, Omprakash Sahu. Azadirachta Indica Leaves as Antibacterial Treatment on Drinking Water. International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014; 2(2):36-40. doi: 10.12691/ijcn-2-2-3.

Correspondence to: Omprakash  Sahu, Department of Chemical Engineering, KIT Jamnagar (Gujarat), India (SW), Ethiopia. Email:


The global scenario is now supporting the development of modern drugs from less toxic plant products with proven medicinal properties. Each part of the neem plant (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) reportedly has various medicinal properties and has been in use in many continents for centuries. Azadirachta indica leaves possessed good anti bacterial activity, confirming the great potential of bioactive compounds and is useful for rationalizing the use of this plant in primary health care. The goal of this work is to treat the drinking water from microbes which cause disease. By using the leaf extract oil it can control upto 99% at different dose and treatment time.



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Effect of Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) Extracts on Blood Glucose in Normal and Streptozotocin--Induced Diabetic Rats

1University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

2Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Apata, Ibadan, Nigeria

International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014, 2(2), 32-35
DOI: 10.12691/ijcn-2-2-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
ADENIYI Paulina Oludoyin, SANUSI Rasaki Adegoke. Effect of Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) Extracts on Blood Glucose in Normal and Streptozotocin--Induced Diabetic Rats. International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014; 2(2):32-35. doi: 10.12691/ijcn-2-2-2.

Correspondence to: ADENIYI  Paulina Oludoyin, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Email:


The increasing global prevalence of diabetes mellitus requires a holistic approach which is easy and cheap to apply for acceptability and affordability by all categories of people, hence, the use of spices to combat this social ill needs to be explored. In view of this, this study aimed at determining the effect of raw and cooked ginger juice on blood glucose in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats as a first phase of experimental study of its possible use as an anti diabetic food adjunct in human subjects. Male Albino rats (70) of weight range 143-180 g were divided into 7 groups and were treated thus: NT1S- normal control, NT1R- normal rats given 4 ml/kg body weight raw ginger juice, NT1Co- normal rats given cooked ginger juice, T1S- diabetic control, T1R- diabetic rats given raw ginger juice, T1Co- diabetic rats given cooked ginger juice and T1D- diabetic rats given glibenclamide (5 mg/kg body weight). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was taken from overnight fasted rats before and after diabetes was induced (with 60 mg/kg body weight intra peritoneal injection) and at the end of the second and fourth weeks of ginger administration using ACCUCHEK Active Glucometer, Roche, Germany. ANOVA and Least Significant Difference were used for statistical analyses. The FBG was reduced to normal by raw and cooked ginger extracts and glibenclamide (p<0.05) in diabetic rats while it was significantly lower than normal (p< 0.05) in normal rats given ginger extracts. There was no significant difference (p< 0.05) between FBG in normal rats given raw ginger and cooked ginger extracts. It can be inferred from this study that the active hypoglycemic component of ginger was not affected by heat, hence, the consumption of ginger in raw and cooked forms in different cuisines may be an effective regimen in the management of diabetes. Also, consumption of ginger by normal subjects may not cause hypoglycemia but further study is recommended in this area.



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Cobalt and Copper Levels in the Seminal Plasma of Infertile Men Living in Port Harcourt Metropolis

1Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Chemical Pathology Unit, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, NkpoluOroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

2Anatomical Pathology Department, Faculty of Basic medical science, University of Port Harcourt Choba, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014, 2(2), 27-31
DOI: 10.12691/ijcn-2-2-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Donatus Onukwufor Onwuli, Gospel Ajuru. Cobalt and Copper Levels in the Seminal Plasma of Infertile Men Living in Port Harcourt Metropolis. International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014; 2(2):27-31. doi: 10.12691/ijcn-2-2-1.

Correspondence to: Donatus  Onukwufor Onwuli, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Chemical Pathology Unit, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, NkpoluOroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Email: onwuli.donatus@Yahoo.Com


The seminal plasma levels of cobalt and copper were assessed in men living in Port Harcourt metropolis using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. These subjects were divided into two groups based on accepted criteria for fertility in males. The subjects in group 1 (fertile men) had 67.30 ± 10.52% as the percentage motility; 67.70 ± 18.20 x106 Spermcells/L as cell count, 10.04 ± 2.27μg/Land 4.14 ± 2.60μg/L as seminal plasma cobalt and copper levels respectively. The subjects in group 2 (infertile men) had 30.60 ± 16.60% as percentage motility; 16.80 ± 4.5 x 106 Spermcells/L as cell count, 11.82 ± 2.83μg/l and 7.05 ± 3.27μg/L as seminal plasma cobalt and copper levels respectively. The percentage motility and sperm cell count were significantly higher in the fertile group than the infertile group (P < 0.05). The seminal plasma level of copper was significantly higher in the infertile men than in the fertile men (P < 0.05), while cobalt levels in both groups did not show any significant difference, although there was an increase observed in the non-fertile group. The result of this study shows that men presenting with infertility have higher copper levels in their seminal plasma, a finding that could be useful in the management of male infertility.



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