International Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016, 4(1), 12-18
DOI: 10.12691/ijcn-4-1-3
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Feeding Practices and Determinants of the Nutritional Status of Pupils in a Public Primary School in Aladinma Owerri, Nigeria

Chinomnso C Nnebue1, , Amobi L Ilika2, Kenechi A Uwakwe3, Chukwuma B Duru3, Stanley K Onah4, Helen O Abu5, Ezinne O Oguejiofor5, Millicent T Gbarage5 and Sylvester A Idoro5

1Department of HIV Care and Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching HospitalNnewi, Nigerias

2Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University/University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria

3Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University/University Teaching HospitalOrlu, Nigeria

4Department of Pediatrics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Nigeria

5Department of Community Medicine, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria

Pub. Date: July 18, 2016

Cite this paper:
Chinomnso C Nnebue, Amobi L Ilika, Kenechi A Uwakwe, Chukwuma B Duru, Stanley K Onah, Helen O Abu, Ezinne O Oguejiofor, Millicent T Gbarage and Sylvester A Idoro. Feeding Practices and Determinants of the Nutritional Status of Pupils in a Public Primary School in Aladinma Owerri, Nigeria. International Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016; 4(1):12-18. doi: 10.12691/ijcn-4-1-3


Background: Poor feeding practices with its consequence of malnutrition is a serious impediment to child health, growth and development. Thus, periodic assessment of the nutritional status and factors affecting it among this often neglected group remains imperative. Objective: To assess the feeding practices and determinants of the nutritional status of pupils in a public primary school in Aladinma Owerri, Nigeria. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive cross sectional study of 300 pupils of a selected public primary school in Aladinma Owerri, Nigeria. The sampling was done in two stages. Data was collected using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire and analysed using statistical package for social sciences version 22.0. Nutritional assessment was done using anthropometric parameters, while Chi-square test was used to identify statistically significant associations between variables. A p value of ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There were more females 158(52.7%) than males while the mean and median ages were 9.7±0.3 and 10.6±0.3 years respectively. Two hundred and sixty five (88.3%) of them fed at least thrice daily, 92(30.7%) skipped breakfast regularly, while 215(71.7%) had school meals during break period. There were statistically significant associations between Body Mass Index for age (Underweight, Normal and Overweight cum Obese) and [sex (p=0.0121); number of siblings (p=0.013), mothers’ educational status (p=0.001) and number of meals per day (p=0.005)] respectively. Conclusions: School’s policies and programs that focus on promoting feeding practices and improving childhood nutrition will benefit children.

Anthropometry nutritional status feeding practices school children Owerri Nigeria

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