International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
ISSN (Print): 2395-3403 ISSN (Online): 2395-3403 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijcdr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
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International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2017, 5(4), 127-133
DOI: 10.12691/ijcdr-5-4-4
Open AccessArticle

PRIMARY TUBERCULOUS OSTEOMYELITIS OF CLAVICLE IN A 2 YEAR OLD CHILD: A CASE REPORT

Thorat Ravindra1, Sharma Gaurav2, , Sakhuja Rajiv3 and Relwani Nisha4

1Department of Orthopaedics, Terna Medical College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

2Department of Orthopaedics , Prakash Institute of Medical sciences, Sangli, UranIslampur, Maharashtra 415409, India.

3Department of Orthopaedics, CIMS, Bilaspur, Chhatisgarh, India

4Department of Community Medicine, MGM Institute of medical sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Pub. Date: August 20, 2017

Cite this paper:
Thorat Ravindra, Sharma Gaurav, Sakhuja Rajiv and Relwani Nisha. PRIMARY TUBERCULOUS OSTEOMYELITIS OF CLAVICLE IN A 2 YEAR OLD CHILD: A CASE REPORT. International Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2017; 5(4):127-133. doi: 10.12691/ijcdr-5-4-4

Abstract

Osteoarticular tuberculosis accounts for around 1%-3% of all the extrapulmonary tuberculosis, with less than 1% of the infection affecting clavicle. We report a rare case of Primary Tubercular osteomyelitis in a 2 year old child with initially missed diagnosis. A 2 year old male was brought with complaints of exposed medial end of clavicle exposed with discharging bony spicules. There was no history of antecedent trauma, chest infection, cough, sore throat, loss of weight or appetite. Acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints were normal. X ray showed a lytic lesion with increased periosteal reaction. Sequestrectomy and curettage was performed. Biopsy report showed areas of central caseous necrosis with multiple epitheloid cell granulomas and giant cells suggestive of tuberculosis. Daily Anti-tubercular multidrug regime with HRZE for 3 months followed by HRE for 9 months was administered. 2 years follow-up showed complete healing of the sinus clinically and radiologically. A suspicion of tubercular osteomyelitis should always be kept in mind while dealing with chronic infective pathologies without constitutional symptoms, presenting with a swelling or a discharging sinus. MRI and biopsy followed by histopathological examination should be the approach, thus, avoiding the spread of the disease to the neighboring joint.

Keywords:
Tubercular osteomyelitis Extrapulmonary Sequestrectomy

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