International Journal of Celiac Disease
ISSN (Print): 2334-3427 ISSN (Online): 2334-3486 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ijcd Editor-in-chief: Samasca Gabriel
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International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2017, 5(2), 62-68
DOI: 10.12691/ijcd-5-2-5
Open AccessArticle

Celiac Disease and Gluten-free Diet in Portuguese Children – An Anthropometric Marker Contribution Assessment

Patrícia Soares1, Piedade Sande Lemos2, Ana Maria Pires1, 3 and Ana Cláudia Cavaco de Sousa1,

1Universidade Atlântica – Centro de Estudos, Sociedade, Organizações e Bem-Estar (CESOB)

2Nova Medical School, Hospital Amadora-Sintra, Hospital CUF-Cascais

3Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c)

Pub. Date: June 02, 2017

Cite this paper:
Patrícia Soares, Piedade Sande Lemos, Ana Maria Pires and Ana Cláudia Cavaco de Sousa. Celiac Disease and Gluten-free Diet in Portuguese Children – An Anthropometric Marker Contribution Assessment. International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2017; 5(2):62-68. doi: 10.12691/ijcd-5-2-5

Abstract

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that is expressed by chronic food sensitivity to gluten, having as typical symptoms diarrhea and weight loss. The present study has evaluated anthropometric marker progressions in 61 Portuguese children with celiac disease, at diagnosis time and at the study time, comparing these variations with the intake of gluten free products. Data from 61 children (59.0 % girls) with celiac disease were evaluated, following a gluten free diet for 5.0 ± 4.6 years. Statistical t-test analysis of pBMI at diagnosis and at study time, revealed a positive increase with statistical significance for both girls and boys (p = 0.008). The differences between ingested and recommended values were quantified and confirming the increase in total energy consumption and carbohydrates. Following a gluten free diet allows the recovery of the nutritional status in most children; however, nutritional counseling seems mandatory to avoid nutrient imbalances and further health issues.

Keywords:
celiac disease gluten free diet children natural gluten free products processed gluten free products

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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