International Journal of Celiac Disease
ISSN (Print): 2334-3427 ISSN (Online): 2334-3486 Website: Editor-in-chief: Samasca Gabriel
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International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2016, 4(1), 19-23
DOI: 10.12691/ijcd-4-1-4
Open AccessReview Article

Gut-bone Cross Talks and Implications in Celiac Disease

Aaron Lerner1, 2, and Torsten Matthias2

1B. Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

2AESKU.KIPP Institute, Wendelsheim, Germany

Pub. Date: February 16, 2016

Cite this paper:
Aaron Lerner and Torsten Matthias. Gut-bone Cross Talks and Implications in Celiac Disease. International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2016; 4(1):19-23. doi: 10.12691/ijcd-4-1-4


Metabolic bone disease is a frequent extra-intestinal co-morbidity in newly diagnosed, mostly adult patients who have 70% low bone mineral density. Musculoskeletal signs and symptoms, osteopenia, osteoporosis and fractures are the most frequent manifestations. The etiology is multifactorial, however, micronutrient malabsorption, mainly of calcium and vitamin D, secondary hyperparathyroidism and inflammation are the main driving forces. The diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms, biochemical and endocrinologic laboratory evaluation and imaging by dual x-ray absorptiometry. Treatment of low bone mineral density in CD comprises: a gluten free diet, coverage of nutritional deficiencies (including calcium and vitamin D), changes in life style and if necessary, pharmacologic and hormonal replacement therapy. The cost effectiveness of those therapy methods were barely assessed. Understanding the pathophysiology of bone loss in celiac disease might bring new therapeutical strategies for the patient’s benefit.

celiac disease bone osteopenia osteoporosis calcium vitamin D mineral density

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