International Journal of Celiac Disease
ISSN (Print): 2334-3427 ISSN (Online): 2334-3486 Website: Editor-in-chief: Samasca Gabriel
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International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2020, 8(1), 1-4
DOI: 10.12691/ijcd-8-1-1
Open AccessArticle

A New Tool in the Development of Celiac Disease: Sense of Coherence Score

Adi Eindor-Abarbanel1, 2, , Dana ZelnikYovel3, 2, Timna Naftali2, Nahum Ruhimovich4, Tzippora Shalem1, 2, Shay Matalon1, 2, Haim Shirin1, 2, Tomer Ziv-Baran5 and Efrat Broide1, 2

1The Kamila Gonczarowski Institute of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shamir Medical Center, Be'erYa'akov, Israel (Assaf Harofe)

2Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

3Department of Internal Medicine C, Shamir Medical Center, Be'erYa'akov, Israel (Assaf-Harofe)

4Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba,

5Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Pub. Date: April 27, 2020

Cite this paper:
Adi Eindor-Abarbanel, Dana ZelnikYovel, Timna Naftali, Nahum Ruhimovich, Tzippora Shalem, Shay Matalon, Haim Shirin, Tomer Ziv-Baran and Efrat Broide. A New Tool in the Development of Celiac Disease: Sense of Coherence Score. International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2020; 8(1):1-4. doi: 10.12691/ijcd-8-1-1


Introduction: Sense of Coherence (SOC) is a theoretical construct that was developed to explain why some people become ill and others do not, regardless of stressful events. Low SOC was reported to correlate with the development of several multifactorial, chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and systemic lupus erythematosus. Aims: To compare the SOC scores of patients diagnosed with celiac disease (CD) and matched healthy controls to investigate possible correlations between low SOC scores and CD. Patients and Methods: Patients provided demographic data and completed the 13-item SOC questionnaire. Patients in the study cohort were matched to healthy controls according to age, gender, education, income, employment status and marital status. Results: A total of 239 CD patients and 124 healthy controls answered the SOC questionnaire. Among them,124 patients were matched to the healthy cohort according to propensity score. CD patients had a median SOC score of 57 (IQR 52.25-62), and controls 65.5 (IQR 57-75) p<0.001. Conclusions: SOC reflects a person's resources and orientation which enable individuals to cope with stressors in a way that promotes health. Lower SOC score is correlated with the development of CD.

celiac disease orientation to life sense of coherence

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