Frontiers of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
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Frontiers of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology. 2019, 5(1), 6-10
DOI: 10.12691/faac-5-1-2
Open AccessArticle

The Characteristics of Huge Empty Holes Based on the Cosmic Model without Singularity

Shi-Hao Chen1,

1Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China

Pub. Date: December 26, 2019

Cite this paper:
Shi-Hao Chen. The Characteristics of Huge Empty Holes Based on the Cosmic Model without Singularity. Frontiers of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology. 2019; 5(1):6-10. doi: 10.12691/faac-5-1-2

Abstract

S-matter and s-galaxies in s-empty holes must be very scarce. A s-galaxy existing inside a s-empty hole must have the following characteristics. The s-galaxy is an emission galaxy; In addition to the cosmological red shift, the s-light emitted by the s-galaxy will also have a violet shift. The greater the density of the color singlets and the distance from the s-galaxy to the nearest boundary of the s-empty hole, is greater the violet shift. A spherical s-empty hole for s-light is equivalent to a concave lens. When the Milky Way and a s-galaxy are respectively on the two side of an oblong empty hole or inside a huge s-empty hole, an observer on the earth will observe the s-galaxy to be brighter than its real brightness. The luminous arc structure of galaxies which is near the central part of an elliptical clusters is explained. A cosmic island with an accelerating expansion cannot expand forever. There is no necessity that a galaxy will be torn apart during the expansion process of the cosmic island. The expansion rate of a s-empty hole is higher than that of a s-galaxy. The s-empty holes in a s-cosmic island with an accelerating expansion occupy more space than the s-galaxies in the s-cosmic island.

Keywords:
huge hole cluster of galaxies color singlets cosmic island red shift violet shift

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References:

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[3]  Chen, S.H. A Locally Conservative Energy-Momentum Tensor in the General Relativity Based on a Cosmological Model without Singularity. Journal of Modern Physics, (2016) 7, 277-280.
 
[4]  Chen, S.H. Structure of the Universe. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, (2018) 8, 323-338.