American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/env Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2018, 6(2), 35-38
DOI: 10.12691/env-6-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Synthesis and Physicochemical Study of Methyl Ester from Black and Castor Seed Oil Admixture

Bello Y. Makama1, , Olede Wilson2 and Jimbo H. Claver1

1Department of Science and Mathematics, American University of Afghanistan, Darulaman Road, Kabul, Afghanistan

2Department of Kano University of Science and Technology, Kano State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: April 04, 2018

Cite this paper:
Bello Y. Makama, Olede Wilson and Jimbo H. Claver. Synthesis and Physicochemical Study of Methyl Ester from Black and Castor Seed Oil Admixture. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2018; 6(2):35-38. doi: 10.12691/env-6-2-1

Abstract

There is increasing effort in biodiesel production (fatty acid methyl ester) because of the depleting fossil fuel resources as well as similarity in properties when compared to those of diesel fuels. Diesel engines operated on biodiesel have lower emissions of carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons and air toxics than those operated on petroleum-based diesel fuel. Herein we reported the optimization of Black and Castor oils methyl esters production via KOH catalyzed transesterification under various superintended conditions. The optimum yield, temperature, catalyst concentration and reaction time found to be 97%, 60°C, 1.0% (wt of crude black/castor oil) and 45 minutes respectively. A number of the fuel properties (viscosity, specific gravity and flash point) were measured according to standard methods, and were found to conform to international standards.

Keywords:
methyl ester black seed oil castor oil physicochemical parameters statistics

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