American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/env Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017, 5(3), 73-77
DOI: 10.12691/env-5-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Determining the Source of Fugitive Dust in Lattimer, Pennsylvania

L. Dickson1, , P. Griffith1, M. Maresch1, D. Molinaro1, J. Penrose1 and J. Calabrese2

1Department of Geology & Physics, Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, USA

2Department of Biological Sciences, Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, USA

Pub. Date: November 10, 2017

Cite this paper:
L. Dickson, P. Griffith, M. Maresch, D. Molinaro, J. Penrose and J. Calabrese. Determining the Source of Fugitive Dust in Lattimer, Pennsylvania. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017; 5(3):73-77. doi: 10.12691/env-5-3-2

Abstract

Fugitive dust samples collected from residential properties in the village of Lattimer, Pennsylvania were analyzed for total concentrations of major and minor elements Si, Al, Ti, Fe, Mg, Na, K, C, and S using energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry. Observed under high magnification, the individual dust particles are irregular-shaped with angular edges and range in size from 20 to 150 microns. Rock samples of gray to black organic-rich mudstone, shale, and siltstone units interbedded with thin layers of anthracite coal were collected next to a rock quarry operation that is suspected as a possible source of the fugitive dust. Major and minor element concentrations in the rock samples are compared to major and minor element concentrations in 150 individual dust particles. The fugitive dust and rock samples that were analyzed have Si concentrations that vary from 0.08 to 43.34 wt.% and C concentrations that vary from 3.36 to 95.68 wt.%. All of the major and minor element concentrations in the rock samples lie within the representative range of element concentrations in the individual dust particles. The Si and C concentrations in the fugitive dust suggest that the particles originated from a carbon-rich silicate rock source. Five of the fugitive dust particles analyzed had C concentrations in excess of 60 wt.% and can be considered coal dust. Results suggest that the chemical composition of the fugitive dust particles is consistent with the chemical composition of the rocks that are actively extracted and crushed at the rock quarry site located adjacent to the village of Lattimer, Pennsylvania.

Keywords:
air pollution fugitive dust particulate matter surface mining quarry dust

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