American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/env Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017, 5(2), 25-32
DOI: 10.12691/env-5-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Local Community Participation in Restoration of Watersheds in Uganda

S. Akello1, , N. Turyahabwe1, H. Sseguya2, P. Okullo3 and J.G. Agea1

1Department of Extension and Innovation Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere, University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala- Uganda

2International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Regional Hub for Eastern Africa, P.O. Box 34441, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

3Nabuin Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O Box 132, Moroto, Uganda

Pub. Date: June 27, 2017

Cite this paper:
S. Akello, N. Turyahabwe, H. Sseguya, P. Okullo and J.G. Agea. Local Community Participation in Restoration of Watersheds in Uganda. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017; 5(2):25-32. doi: 10.12691/env-5-2-1

Abstract

Despite the involvement of the local community in Awoja watershed activities, restoration was not fully achieved. Studies on community participation in Awoja watershed have focused on its importance with little known on the extent to which they participate, yet the level of community participation determines the success of restoration of watersheds. This study analysed the extent of local community participation in restoration of Awoja watershed of Eastern Uganda. It was conducted in Ngora district and respondents were asked about two restoration sites of FIEFOC and COBWEB. Data were collected from 237 respondents using a questionnaire from April to July 2015. Descriptive analysis and independent t-test were employed to analyze data. Results indicated that overall level of local community participation in Awoja was average with varied patterns in social, economic and environmental participation. Results showed significant differences between level of participation in overall (P=0.034) and environmental (P=0.044) in FIEFOC and COBWEB restoration sites. Community involvement at all project phases should be encouraged to create a sense of ownership and guidance in similar upcoming projects.

Keywords:
local community representation watershed restoration and Eastern Uganda

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Arnstein, Sherry R. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 35, No. 4, July, pp. 216-224.
 
[2]  Akello, S. Turyahabwe, N. Okullo P and Agea J.G. (2016). Changes in Land use/cover change and perceived status of Awoja in eastern Uganda. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology.
 
[3]  Bahiigwa, G., Rigby, D. & Woodhouse, P. (2005). Right target, wrong mechanism? Agricultural modernization and poverty reduction in Uganda. World Development, 33(3), 481-496.
 
[4]  Begherian Rezan. (2013). Analysing community participation in watershed management program in Iran. App. Sci.Rep. 1(3) 2013: 79-86 Iran, Tehran.
 
[5]  Binod, B. (2016). Community Forest and Forest Management in Nepal. American Journal of Environmental Protection, vol. 4, no. 3 (2016): 79-91.
 
[6]  Cornwall, A. (2008). Unpacking ‘participation’: Models, meanings and practices. Community Development Journal, 43 (3), 269-283.
 
[7]  Cleaver Frances (1999). Paradoxes of Participation: Questioning Participatory Approaches to Development Journal of International Development 11, 597-612.
 
[8]  Devi Suman (2015). Community participation and sustainable livelihoods: A study on watershed management in Odisha. PhD Thesis Roll No. 509HS305.
 
[9]  FAO, IFAD and WFP. (2013). The State Of Food Insecurity in The World. The Multiple Dimensions of Food security Rome, FAO.
 
[10]  German, L., Hussein, M., Getachew A., Waga M., Amede T. & Stroud, A. (2007). Participatory Integrated watershed management: Evolution of concepts and methods in an eco-regional program of the eastern African highland. (AHI/ICRAF), Eastern Africa: African Highlands Initiative.
 
[11]  Government of Uganda. (2015). National development plan Phase II. Kampala, Uganda.
 
[12]  Kelinger, F. N. (1986). Foundations of Behaviour Research. London: Winston Publisher.
 
[13]  Kunihira, R. 2014. Socio-cultural factors affecting women’s participation in watershed resources Management in Chahi catchment, South-Western Uganda. MSc thesis in Integrated Watershed Management in the School of Pure and Applied Sciences of Kenyatta University, 124p. September, 2014.
 
[14]  Masika, A. (2014). Understanding participation in faith-based agricultural development initiatives: The Case of Caritas In Kasese District, Uganda Msc. Thesis. Agricultural Extension education, MUK.
 
[15]  Mark, R. (1996). Research made` simple. A handbook for social workers pp.114. Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.
 
[16]  Mbogga, M., Malesu, M.., De, L., J. (2014). Trees and watershed management in Karamoja, Uganda. Evidence on Demand, UK; iv + 25 pp.
 
[17]  Ministry of Water and Environment. (2013). The National Forest Plan 2011/12 – 2021/22 Directorate of Environment Affairs, Kampala, Uganda.
 
[18]  Turyahabwe, N. (2006). Local capacity to manage Forestry Resources under a decentralized System of Governance: The case of Uganda. PhD Dissertation in Community Forestry, Stellenbosch University South Africa.
 
[19]  Ong’or, D.O. (2005). Community participation in Integrate Water Resource Management: The case of the lake Victoria Basin. Kenya: Department of Agriculture.
 
[20]  Palmer, M.A. (2009). Reforming Watershed Restoration: Science in Need of Application in Need of Science. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD 20688, USA.
 
[21]  Perkins, D.D., Brown, B.B. and Taylor R.B. 1996. The ecology of empowerment: predicting participation in community organizations. Journal of Social Issues, 52(1): 85-110.
 
[22]  Rex, V. O. (2013). Knowledge Center on Climate Change. Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) College, 4031 Philippines: Los Baños, Laguna.
 
[23]  Safa S., M.A. (2015). Study Patterns of Public Participation in Integrated Watershed Management (Case Study: Catchment Taleghan). American Journal of Environmental Protection, vol. 3, no. 6 (2015): 187-192.
 
[24]  Scott, J.(1998). Address to the seventh annual conference of the international association or the study of the common property, Vancouver,10-14 June.
 
[25]  Sreedevi, T. K., Shiferaw, B., & Wani, S.P. (2004). Adarsha watershed in Kothapally: drivers of higher impact. Global Theme on Agro ecosystems Report no. 10. Pantacheru 502 304.The National Gender Policy of 1999.India: Andhra Pradesh.
 
[26]  Skinner S. (1995). Building Community Strengths, Community Development Foundation Stewart.
 
[27]  Taylor, M. (1995). Empowerment and estate regeneration, Bristol: Policy Press.
 
[28]  Stoker, G (1997), ‘Local Political Participation’ in Hambleton, R et al (1997) New Perspectives on local governance: reviewing the research evidence, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation, pp. 157-196.
 
[29]  Sseguya, H. Mazur, E.R and Masinde, D. (2009). Harnessing Community Capitals for Livelihood Enhancement: Experiences from a Livelihood Program in Rural Uganda. Community Development 40(2): 123-138.
 
[30]  Tesfaye, H.D. (2011). Assessment of sustainable watershed management approach. Case study lenche dima: tsegur eyesus and dijjil Watershed.
 
[31]  Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) (2015). Statistical abstract. Kampala: Uganda Bureau of Statistics.
 
[32]  Wani S.P., Sreedevi, T.K., Reddy, T., Venkateswarlu, B and Prasad, C.S. (2006). Community watershed for improved livelihoods through consortium approach in drought prone rain-fed areas. Journal of hydrological Research and development. 3: 55-77, Kothapally India: Adarsha Watershed.
 
[33]  Weinberger, K. and Jütting, J.P. (2007). Women's participation in local organizations: conditions and constraints. World Development 29(8), pp. 1391-1404.
 
[34]  World Bank. (2013). Development of the Awoja Catchment Management Plan in the Kyoga Water Management Zone Contract: 7164726.Final Stakeholder Engagement Report.
 
[35]  Yin, R. (2006). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Applied Social Research Methods series. Thousand Oaks, London: Sage Publications. 5: 25.