American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017, 5(1), 1-8
DOI: 10.12691/env-5-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Influence of Oxides of Nitrogen, Carbon Monoxide and Sulpher Dioxide on Surface Ozone Level in Different Meteorological Seasons in Haryana State, Northern India

Ram Chhavi Sharma1, and Niharika Sharma2

1Department of Physics, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary (SGT) University Gurgaon, Haryana, India

2Department of Chemistry, Government Senior Secondary School Kakoria Rewari, Haryana, India

Pub. Date: January 22, 2017

Cite this paper:
Ram Chhavi Sharma and Niharika Sharma. Influence of Oxides of Nitrogen, Carbon Monoxide and Sulpher Dioxide on Surface Ozone Level in Different Meteorological Seasons in Haryana State, Northern India. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017; 5(1):1-8. doi: 10.12691/env-5-1-1


Surface Ozone concentrations are valuable indicators of possible health and environmental impacts. Increasing concentration of Tropospheric ozone (O3) is a serious air pollution problem faced commonly by the urban people. In the present study ozone (O3), Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) Carbon monoxide (CO) and Sulpher dioxide (SO2) data were collected for a period of one year (January 01, 2015 to December 31, 2015) at three ambient air quality monitoring stations (Gurgaon now Gurugram, Rohtak and Panchkula) in Haryana state in Northern India. The O3, NOx CO, and SO2 data were collected by Haryana State Pollution Control Board. The concentration of O3 is correlated with the concentration of NOx, CO, and SO2 in different meteorological seasons. The regression correlation analysis has been performed between NOx, CO, SO2 and O3 to investigate the relationship between them. It was found that the variation in concentration of NOx, CO and SO2 influenced the changes in the concentration of O3 in different seasons of the year. The investigation data showed that NOx, CO and SO2 had the important influence on O3 concentration variations in monsoon session (r2 = -0.256, -0.322, -0.137 for Gurgaon, r2= 0.997, -0.829 and 0.843 for Rohtak and r2= – 0.854, -0.829 and 0.262 for Panchkula). The influence of SO2 on O3 concentration has been observed to be different from NOx and CO. O3 and NOx were observed to be inversely related in most of the seasons (r2= 0.124, 0.389, -0.256 and -0.694 in Gurgaon, r2 = -0.797, -0.819, 0.997 and -0.797 in Rohtak & r2=0.971,-0.074, -0.854 & 0.784 in Panchkula for spring, pre-monsoon, monsoon and post monsoon season respectively). The regression equations have been obtained which correlates O3 with NOx, CO and SO2.

ozone oxides of nitrogen carbon monoxide sulpher dioxide urban ambient air quality correlation regression analysis

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