American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2013, 1(3), 54-58
DOI: 10.12691/env-1-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Experiment for Arsenic Accumulation into Rice Cultivated with Arsenic Enriched Irrigation Water in Bangladesh

M.A.K. Azad1, , A.H.M.F.K. Monda1, I. Hossain2 and M. Moniruzzaman3

1Institute of Environmental Science, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

2Department of Geology and Mining, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

3Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: June 22, 2013

Cite this paper:
M.A.K. Azad, A.H.M.F.K. Monda, I. Hossain and M. Moniruzzaman. Experiment for Arsenic Accumulation into Rice Cultivated with Arsenic Enriched Irrigation Water in Bangladesh. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2013; 1(3):54-58. doi: 10.12691/env-1-3-2


A green house field experiment of rice (Oryza sativa L) with arsenic amended irrigation water was conducted at Institute of Environmental Science of Rajshahi University to observe the trend of arsenic (As) accumulation into rice and soil. Sodium arsenate (Na2HAsO4) amended irrigation water (0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 mg/l As) was used for cultivating a popular HYV-aman rice variety named BR-11. Arsenic accumulation of rice straw, grain and soil were investigated. A significant (p ≤ 0.01) increasing trend of arsenic accumulation in straw, grain and soil was found with increase of arsenic in irrigation water. The highest level of arsenic in straw, grain and soil was observed in the treatment of 4.0 mg/l As containing irrigation water and lowest level in control treatment. Arsenic in irrigation water showed a strong positive correlations with arsenic accumulation into soil, straw and grain, and the trend of accumulation was found as water > soil > straw > grain.

arsenic water soil rice

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Food and Population: FAO Looks ahead, 2009.
[2]  Dutta, A.K., Gope, P.S., Banik, S., Makhnoon, S., Siddiquee, M.A., Kabir, Y., “Antioxidant properties of ten high yielding rice varieties of Bangladesh,”Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 99-103. 2012.
[3]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Household income and expenditure Survey, Dhaka, 2005.
[4]  Murshid, K. A. S., Yunus, M., Ali, S.M.Z., Ahmed, N., Re-emergence of food insecurity in Bangladesh: Instability in food production and prices, nature of food markets, impact and policy, National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme, Dhaka, 2009.
[5]  Hossain, M, “Pumping up production: Shallow tubewells and rice in Bangladesh,” in D. Spielman, & R. Pandya (Eds.), Millions fed: Proven successes in agricultural development, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, 2009. 71-77.
[6]  Baffes, J., Gautam, M., Is growth in Bangladeshs rice production sustainable? Policy Research Working Paper#1666, World Bank, Washington DC, 1996.pp. 29
[7]  Abedin, M.J. and Meharg, A.A., “Relative toxicity of arsenite and arsenate on germination and early seedling growth of rice (Oryza sativa L.),”Plant and Soil, 243, 57-66, 2002.
[8]  Ahmed, K.M., Bhattacharya, P., Hasan, M. A., Akhter, S. H., Alam, S.M.M., Bhuyian, M. A. H., et al., “Arsenic enrichment in groundwater of alluvial aquifers in Bangladesh: An overview,”Applied Geochemistry, 19(2), 181-200, 2004.
[9]  Hasan, M.A., Ahmed, K.M., Sracek, O., Bhattacharya, P., Brömssen, M.v., Broms, S., et al.,“Arsenic in shallow groundwater of Bangladesh: investigations from three different physiographic settings,” Hydrogeology Journal,15,1507-1522,2007.
[10]  Zheng, Y., van, G.A., Stute, M., Dhar, R., Mo, Z., Cheng, Z., et al., “Geochemical and hydrogeological contrast between shallow and deeper aquifers in two villages of Araihazar, Bangladesh: implication for deeper aquifers as drinking water sources”, Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 69(22), 5203-5218, 2005.
[11]  Bhattacharya, P., Ahmed, K.M., Hasan, M.A., Broms, S., Fogelström, J., Jacks, G., et al., “Mobility of arsenic in groundwater in a part of Brahmanbaria district, NE Bangladesh” in Naidu, R., Smith, E., Owens, G., Bhattacharya, P., Nadebaum, P (eds) Managing arsenic in the environment: from soil to human health, CSIRO,Melbourne, Australia,95-115,2006.
[12]  Rahman, M.A., Hasegawa, H., Rahman, M.M., Islam, M.N., Miah, M.A.M., Tasmin, A., “Arsenic Accumulation in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties of Bangladesh: A Glass House Study,” Water Air Soil Pollution, 185, 53-61, 2007.
[13]  Bhattacharya, P., Samal, A.C., Majumdar, J., Santra, S.C.,“Accumulation of arsenic and its distribution in rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) in Gangetic West Bengal, India,” Paddy Water Environment, 8, 63-70, 2010.
[14]  Lu, Y., Adomako, E.E., Solaiman, A.R.M., Islam, M.R., Deacon, C., Williams, P.N., Rahman, .K.M.M., Meharg, A.A., “Baseline soil variation is a major factor in arsenic accumulation in Bengal Delta paddy rice,” Environmental Science & Technology, 43, 1724-1729, 2009.
[15]  Norton, G.J., Duan, G., Dasgupta, T., Islam, M.R., Lei, M., Zhu, Y., et al., “Environmental and genetic control of arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice grain: comparing a range of common cultivars crown in contaminated sites across Bangladesh, China, and India,Environmental Science & Technology, 43, 8381-8386, 2009.
[16]  Alam, M.Z., Rahman, M.M.,“Accumulation of arsenic in rice plant from arsenic contaminated irrigation water and effect on nutrient content,”in Proceedings of BUET-UNU International symposium of fate of arsenic in the environment, Dhaka, Bangladesh,2003, 131-135.
[17]  Duxbury, J.M., Mayer, A.B., Lauren, J.G., “Food chain aspects of arsenic contamination in Bangladesh: Effects on quality and productivity of rice,” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, 38, 61-69.
[18]  Daum, D., Bogdan, K., Schenk, M.K., Merkel, D., “Influence of the field water management on accumulation of arsenic and cadmium in paddy rice,” Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences, 92, 290-291.
[19]  Rahman, M.A., Hasegawa, H., Rahman, M.M., Rahman, M.A. and Miah, M.A.M., “Accumulation of arsenic in tissues of rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) and its distribution in fractions of rice grain, Chemosphere,.69,.942-948.
[20]  Rahman, M.A., Rahman, M.M., Miah, M.A.M., Khaled, H.M., “Influence of soil arsenic concentrations in rice (Oryza sativa L.),” Journal of Sub-tropical Agricultural Research Developement, 2(3), 24-31.
[21]  Abedin, M.J., Cotter-Howells, J., and Meharg, A.A, “Arsenic-uptake and accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) irrigated with contaminated water, Plant and Soil, 240, 311-319, 2002.
[22]  Ahsan, D.A., DelValls, T.A. and Blasco, J., “Distribution of Arsenic and Trace Metal in the Floodplain Agricultural Soil of Bangladesh,Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology, 82, 11-15, 2009.
[23]  Islam, M.R., Islam, S., Jahiruddin, M., Islam, M.A., “Effects of irrigation water arsenic in the rice-rice cropping system,” Journal of Biological Science,. 4, 542-546, 2004.
[24]  Tsutsumi, M., “Intensification of arsenic toxicity to paddy rice by hydrogen sulphides and ferrous iron I. Induction of bronzing and accumulation in rice by arsenic,” Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 26, 561-569, 1980.
[25]  Panaullah, G.M., Alam, T., Hossain, M.B., Loeppert, R.H., Lauren, J.G., Meisner, C.A., Ahmed, Z.U., Duxbury, J.M., “Arsenic toxicity to rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Bangladesh,” Plant and Soil, 317(1), 31-39, 2009.
[26]  Azad, M.A.K., Islam, M.N., Alam, A., Mahmud, H., Islam, M.A., Karim, M.R and Rahman, M., “Arsenic uptake and phytotoxicity of T-aman rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in the As amended soil of Bangladesh,” Environmentalist, 29, 436-440, 2009.
[27]  Meharg, A.A. and Rahman, M.M., “Arsenic contamination of Bangladesh paddy field soils: Implications for rice contribution to arsenic consumption,” Environmental Science & Technology, 37, 229-234, 2003.
[28]  Schoof, R.A., Yost, L.J., Crecelius, E., Irgolic, K., Goessler, W., Guo, H.R and. Greene, H., “Dietary arsenic intake in Taiwanese districts with elevated arsenic in drinking water,” Human Ecological Risk Assesment, 4, 117-135, 1998.