American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/env Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2019, 7(1), 7-12
DOI: 10.12691/env-7-1-2
Open AccessArticle

The Role of Antioxidant Metabolism in Phytoremediation of Shrimp Farm Effluent by Acrostichum aureum Linn

Dipu Sukumaran1, , Justy Joseph1, Madhavan K.1 and Harikumar P.S1

1Centre for Water Resources Development and Management, Kerala, India

Pub. Date: January 15, 2019

Cite this paper:
Dipu Sukumaran, Justy Joseph, Madhavan K. and Harikumar P.S. The Role of Antioxidant Metabolism in Phytoremediation of Shrimp Farm Effluent by Acrostichum aureum Linn. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2019; 7(1):7-12. doi: 10.12691/env-7-1-2

Abstract

The study evaluates the phytoremediation capabilities of Acrostichum aureum in the treatment of shrimp farm effluent. The effluent parameters like Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) (73%), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) (39%) and Nitrate (55%) were found reduced considerably during the treatment period of thirty days. The antioxidant concentrations of the plant were increased to cope up with the stress environment. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) in plants was increased to 70% during the treatment period. Peroxidase activity was also found to be increased from 0.02 to 0.26 mg/gFW. The increase in non-enzymatic antioxidants like chlorophyll indicated the health status of the plant during the treatment period.

Keywords:
phytoremediation shrimp farming antioxidant Acrostichum aureum

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